Fr.: écoulement subsonique
A flow in which the velocity of the constituting particles never exceeds that of sound in the same fluid. Also called subcritical flow.
Fr.: écoulement de Taylor-Couette
The → Couette flow between two concentric cylinders with fluid filling the annular region. The flow is generated by the relative rotation of the two cylinders. Under some physical conditions the flow may undergo the → Taylor-Couette instability.
Fr.: écoulement tri-dimensionnel
A flow whose parameters (velocity, pressure, and so on) vary in all three coordinate directions. Considerable simplification in analysis may often be achieved, however, by selecting the coordinate directions so that appreciable variation of the parameters occurs in only two directions, or even only one (B. Massey, Mechanics of Fluids, Taylor & Francis, 2006).
Fr.: flux de transition
tube of flow
Fr.: tube d'écoulement
Same as → flow tube.
Fr.: écoulement turbulent
Fr.: écoulement bi-dimensionnel
A flow whose parameters are functions of time and two space coordinates (x and y) only. There is no variation in the z direction and therefore the same → streamline pattern could at any instant be found in all planes in the fluid perpendicular to the z direction (B. Massey, Mechanics of Fluids, Taylor & Francis, 2006).