Lagrangian point noqtehâ-ye Lagrange (#) Fr.: points de Lagrange On of the five locations in space where the → centrifugal force and the → gravitational force of two bodies (m orbiting M) neutralize each other. A third, less massive body, located at any one of these points, will be held in equilibrium with respect to the other two. Three of the points, L1, L2, and L3, lie on a line joining the centers of M and m. L1 lies between M and m, near to m, L2 lies beyond m, and L3 on the other side of M beyond the orbit. The other two points, L4 and L5, which are the most stable, lie on either side of this line, in the orbit of m around M, each of them making an equilateral triangle with M and m. L4 lies in the m's orbit approximately 60° ahead of it, while L5 lies in the m's orbit approximately 60° behind m. See also → Trojan asteroid; → Roche lobe; → equipotential surface; → horseshoe orbit. → Lagrangian; → point. |
lambda point noqte-ye lâmbdâ Fr.: point lambda The temperature (roughly 2.17 K) at which → liquid helium (→ helium I) becomes → superfluid (→ helium II). The name was given by the Dutch physicist Willem Hendrik Keesom (1876-1956), who discovered the behavior of helium near this transition point and successfully solidified helium in 1926 (under an external pressure of 25 atmospheres). The name was originally suggested by Paul Ehrenfest (1880-1933), who was inspired by the shape of the → specific heat curve, which resembles the Gk. letter → lambda; → point. |
magnetic null point noqte-ye nul-e meqnâtisi Fr.: point nul magnétique A region of the → solar corona where the → magnetic field vanishes. |
melting point noqte-ye godâz (#) Fr.: point de fusion The temperature at which a solid changes to a liquid. |
neutral point noqte-ye natâr Fr.: point neutre 1) A point where two fields are equal in magnitude and opposite in direction so
that the net force exerted on it is zero. |
nodal point noqte-ye gerehi Fr.: point nodal Any of the two points on the → axis of a → lens system, such that if the → incident ray passes through one, travelling in a given direction, the → emergent ray passes the other in a parallel direction. |
North point noqte-ye hudar Fr.: point Nord The point on → horizon in direction of → geographic north pole. |
O-point noqte-te O Fr.: point O The circular configuration of magnetic field lines around a → magnetic null point. See also → X-point. O, the round letter of alphabet; → point. |
ordinary point noqte-ye šunik Fr.: point ordinaire The point M_{0}(x_{0},y_{0}) of the curve F(x,y) = 0, where at least one of the partial derivatives ∂F/∂x and ∂F/∂y does not vanish. → singular point |
point 1) noqté (#), pandé (#); 2) âmâjidan Fr.: 1) point; 2) pointer 1a) General: A sharp or tapering end, as of a dagger; a projecting part of anything. M.E. point(e); O.Fr. point "dot, mark, place, moment;" L. punctum noun use of neuter p.p. of pungere "to prick, pierce." 1) Noqté, loan from Ar. Pandé, variants in classical dictionaries
pindé, pendé, fand "a point, dot, mole, freckle;" cf. Skt.
prānta- "point, tip, border," from pra "before, forward,"
→ pro-, + ánta- "end, limit, term;"
Pali, panta- "remote, solitary;" Prakrit panta " last;"
Sindhi pandu "border of a garment;" Lahnda pand, pad "end, top of
sugar cane." |
point mass noqté jerm, pandé jerm, jerm-e noqtevâr, ~ pandevâr Fr.: masse ponctuelle A hypothetical object which can be thought of as infinitely small. |
point source noqté xan, pandé xan, xan-e noqtevâr, pande-ye ~ Fr.: source ponctuelle A source of radiation at a great distance from the observer; an ideal source of infinitesimal size. |
point spread function (PSF) karyâ-ye gostareš-e noqté, ~ ~ pandé Fr.: fonction d'étalement du point The two-dimensional intensity distribution about the image of a point source. |
Pointers dorahnemâ Fr.: The two stars that form the front of the Big Dipper's bowl, away from the handle. More specifically, the stars Dubhe (α Ursae Majoris) and Merak (β Ursae Majoris). A line through β to α passes close to the North Star and they are used for finding it. → point + -er. Dorahnemâ, literally "the two guides," from do "two" + rah, râh "way, path" (from Mid.Pers. râh, râs "way, street," also rah, ras "chariot;" from Proto-Iranian *rāθa-; cf. Av. raθa- "chariot;" Skt. rátha- "car, chariot," rathyā- "road;" L. rota "wheel," rotare "to revolve, roll;" Lith. ratas "wheel;" O.H.G. rad; Ger. Rad; Du. rad; O.Ir. roth; PIE *roto- "to run, to turn, to roll") + nemâ agent noun of nemudan "to show" (Mid.Pers. nimūdan, nimây- "to show," from O.Pers./Av. ni- "down; into" (Skt. ni "down," nitaram "downward," Gk. neiothen "from below," cf. E. nether, O.E. niþera, neoþera "down, downward, below, beneath," from P.Gmc. *nitheraz, Du. neder, Ger. nieder; PIE *ni- "down, below") + māy- "to measure;" cf. Skt. mati "measures," matra- "measure;" Gk. metron "measure;" L. metrum; PIE base *me- "to measure"). |
pointing âmâješ Fr.: pointage The act or process of directing a telescope. → point. Verbal noun of → point. |
pointing model model-e âmâješ Fr.: modèle de pointage A mathematical model that reproduces the diurnal rotation of the Earth and is used to direct a telescope toward a precise position on the sky. |
sample point noqte-ye nemunân Fr.: point de l'échantillon Statistics: Each possible outcome in a → sample space. |
singular point noqte-ye takin Fr.: point singulier The point M_{0}(x_{0},y_{0}) of the curve F(x,y) = 0, where at least one of the → partial derivatives ∂F/∂x and ∂F/∂y vanishes. See also → ordinary point. |
solsticial points noqtehâ-ye xoristâni Fr.: points solsticiaux The two points of the ecliptic the most distant from the equator. |
sonic point noqte-ye sedâyi Fr.: point sonique The point where the → stellar wind makes a transition from → subsonic to → supersonic flow. In the particular case of a spherically symmetric wind (thus with no magnetic field), the distance from star, at which the sonic point occurs, is given by: r_{s} = (GM_{*})/2c_{s}^{2}, where G is the → gravitational constant, M_{*} is the stellar mass, and c_{s} the → sound speed at the sonic point. |