Gauss's law for electricity
qânun-e Gauss dar barq
Fr.: loi de Gauss en électricité
The total electric flux ψ out of an arbitrary closed surface in free space is equal to the net charge within the surface divided by the → permittivity. In differential form: ∇ . E = ρ/ε0, where ρ is the → charge density and ε0 the permittivity. The integral form of the law: ∫E . dS = Q/ε0 (closed surface integral). This is one of the four → Maxwell's equations.