Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS)
mâhvâre-ye axtaršenâxti-e forusorx (#)
Fr.: satellite astronomique infrarouge
An orbiting infrared telescope (60 cm mirror) which successfully operated from launch in January 1983 until the supply of coolant ran out in November 1983. It was a collaborative mission between NASA, the Netherlands, and the UK, and mapped 95% of the whole sky in the wavelength bands 12, 25, 60, and 100 microns.