zamân-e tabâhi (#)
Fr.: temps d'amortissement
The time required for the amplitude of a vibrating system to decrease
to 1/e of its initial value.
Ohmic decay time
zamân-e tabâhi-ye Ohmi
Fr.: temps de dissipation ohmique
An upper bound on the time scale on which the magnetic field of a system would decay in the absence of any other agent. It is expressed as: τμ = R2 / μ, where R is the scale size of the system, η the magnetic diffusivity (η = 1 / μσ, where μ is the magnetic permeability and σ the electrical conductivity). For a star like the Sun, τμ ≅ 1010 years, so a fossil magnetic field could survive for the star's lifetime on the main sequence. For the Earth, τμ ≅ 104 years, so a → dynamo is required to explain the persistence of the geomagnetic field.