1) A family of simple, often sweet, compounds consisting of
→ carbon, → hydrogen, and
→ oxygen obtained particularly from sugarcane and sugar beets.
The sugar family includes glucose, sucrose, lactose, fructose, maltose, lactose,
Sugar molecules have been detected in
→ interstellar medium
→ molecular clouds.
M.E. sugre, sucre, from O.Fr. sucre, from M.L. succarum, from Ar. sukkar, from Pers. shakar, from Skt. šárkarā- "ground or candied sugar," originally "grit, gravel."
Šekar, Mid.Pers. šakar, ultimately from Skt. šárkarā-, as above.