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geomagnetic activity žirandegi-ye zamin-meqnâtisi, ~ zamin-meqnâti Fr.: activité géomagnétique The natural variations in the → geomagnetic field due to interactions of the Earth's field and → magnetosphere with energetic particles from the Sun. → geomagnetic; → activity. |
geomagnetic excursion zocâr-e zamin-meqnâti Fr.: excursion géomagnétique A geophysical event, distinguished from the → magnetic reversal, in which the Earth's magnetic field departs for a relatively short time from its usual near axial configuration, without establishing a reversed direction. During the excursion the intensity and direction of the Earth's magnetic field undergo drastic changes. Palaeomagnetic measurements have revealed that since the last full reversal the Earth's magnetic field has, for brief intervals, deviated from the behavior expected during "normal" secular variation. → geomagnetic; → excursion. |
geomagnetic field meydân-e zamin-meqnâtisi, ~ zamin-meqnâti Fr.: champ géomagnétique The magnetic field that is generated within the Earth and extends out around the Earth. The intensity of the magnetic field at the Earth's surface is about 0.32 → gauss at the equator and 0.62 gauss at the north pole. → geomagnetic; → field. |
geomagnetic storm tufân-e zamin-meqnâtisi, ~ zamin-meqnâti Fr.: orage géomagnétique A violent disturbance of the Earth's magnetic field, distinct from regular diurnal variations, following a → solar flare or → coronal mass ejection. → geomagnetic; → storm. |
geomagnetism zamin-meqnâtmandi Fr.: géomagnetsme A branch of geophysics concerned with the study of the Earth's → geomagnetic field, including its origin, spatial extent, and variations in time. |
geometric hendesi (#) Fr.: géométrique Of or pertaining to geometry or to the principles of geometry. Adj. of → geometry |
geometric albedo sepidâ-ye hendesi Fr.: albedo géométrique A measure of the → reflectivity of a surface, especially of the solar system bodies (planets, satellites or asteroids). It is the ratio of a body's brightness at zero → phase angle to the brightness of a perfectly diffusing disk with the same position and apparent size as the body. Geometric albedo depends on the radiation wavelength. The bolometric geometric albedo refers to reflectivity in all wavelengths. Compare with the → Bond albedo. |
geometric delay derang-e hendesi Fr.: retard géométrique One of the two factors contributing to → gravitational lensing time delay that arises from the fact that the bent trajectory is longer than the straight one. The other factor is due to the → Shapiro time delay. |
geometric horizon ofoq-e hendesi Fr.: horizon géométrique Where the apparent → sea horizon would be if there were no → atmospheric refraction. |
geometric mean miyângin-e hendesi (#) Fr.: moyenne géométrique The middle term in a → geometric progression. Of two terms, the geometric mean is the square root of their product. For example, the geometric mean of 4 and 9 is ± 6. For a series of n terms, it is expressed as: (a_{1}.a_{2}. ... .a_{n})^{1/n}. |
geometric optics nurik-e hendesi Fr.: optique géométrique A branch of physics that deals with reflection and refraction of rays of light without reference to the wave or physical nature of light. |
geometric progression farâyâsi-e hendesi (#) Fr.: progression géométrique A → sequence in which the ratio of a term to its predecessor is the same for all terms. In general, the nth term has the form ar^{(n-1)}, where n is a positive integer, and a and r are nonzero constants; r is called the ratio or common ratio. Also called → geometric sequence. → geometric; → progression. |
geometric scattering parâkaneš-e hendesi Fr.: diffusion géométrique A type of scattering in which the wavelength (of the light or the sound) is much smaller than the size of object causing the scattering. → geometric; → scattering. |
geometric sequence peyâye-ye hendesi Fr.: suite géométrique |
geometrical libration roxgard-e hendesi (#) Fr.: libration géométrique Libration resulting from changes in the location of the observer with respect to body. More specifically, a lunar libration motion that results from the Earth based observer seeing the Moon from different directions at different times. There are three types of geometrical libration: → libration in longitude, → libration in latitude, and → diurnal libration. See also → physical libration. |
geometry hendesé (#) Fr.: géométrie The branch of mathematics that deals with the nature of space and the size, shape, and other properties of figures as well as the transformations that preserve these properties. From O.Fr. géométrie, from L. geometria, from Gk. geometria "measurement of earth or land," from → geo- + -metria, from metrein "to measure," → -metry. Hendesé, Mid.Pers. handâxtan "to measure," Manichean Mid.Pers. hnds- "to measure," Proto-Iranian ham-, → com-, + *das- "to heap, amass;" cf. Ossetic dasun/dast "to heap up;" Arm. loanword dasel "to arrange (a crowd, people)," das "order, arrangement," |
geophysics zaminfizik (#) Fr.: géophysique The branch of physics that deals with the Earth and its environment, including meteorology, oceanography, seismology, and geomagnetism. |
geopolitics zamin-kârâhik Fr.: géopolitique The study or the application of the influence of political and economic geography on the politics, national power, foreign policy, etc., of a state (Dictionary.com). |
geostationary orbit madâr-e zamin-istvar Fr.: orbite géostationnaire A satellite orbit in the plane of the Earth's equator and 35,880 km above it, at which distance the satellite's period of rotation matches the Earth's and the satellite always remains fixed in the same spot over the Earth. Geostationary, from → geo- + → stationary; → orbit. |
geostrophic zamincarxeši Fr.: géostrophique Of or pertaining to the force produced by the rotation of the Earth. From Gk. → geo- + Gk. strophe "a turning," from strephein "to turn," from PIE *strebh- "to wind, turn" + → -ic. From zamin-, → geo-, + carxeši, → rotational. |
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