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integral 1) dorost; 2) dorostâl Fr.: 1) intégral; 2) intégrale 1) Consisting of whole numbers or integers. Integral, from M.Fr. intégral, from M.L. integralis "forming a whole," → integer "whole." 1) Dorostâl, from dorost "whole, complete; healthy; right," related to
dorud "benediction, praise, thanksgiving," from
Mid.Pers. drust "whole; healthy; well, right," drôd "health, thriving;"
O.Pers. duruva- "firm, certain, immune;"
Av. druua- "healthy;" cf. Skt. dhruvá- "fixed, firm, immovable,
lasting, certain;" Russ. zdorovyjj "healthy;" See also
→ sound. |
integral calculus afmârik-e dorostâli Fr.: calcul intégral Branch of the calculus that deals with integration and its use in finding volumes, areas, equations of curves, solutions of differential equations, etc. |
integral equation hamugeš-e dorostâli Fr.: équation intégrale An equation involving an unknown function that appears as part of an integrand. |
integral field spectroscopy binâbnemâyi-ye dorost-e meydân Fr.: spectroscopie intégrale de champ A technique in spectroscopy for recording a spectrum from each point of an extended object. The field of view image is divided into a multitude of small components using different methods, e.g. lenslet arrays, fiber bundles, or image slicers. From each component a spectrum is extracted or an image is reconstructed at a particular wavelength. → integral; → field; → spectroscopy. |
integral function karyâ-ye dorostâli Fr.: fonction intégrale A function whose image is a subset of the integers, i.e. that takes only integer values. |
integral operator âpârgar-e dorostâli Fr.: opérateur intégral Math.: An operator whose inverse is a differential operator. |
integrand dorostâlân Fr.: integrand The function which is being integrated in a given integral. From L. integrandum, noun use of neuter of integrandus, gerundive of integrare, → integrate. Dorostâlân, pr.p. of dorostâlidan, → integrate. |
integrate dorostâlidan, dorostâl gereftan Fr.: intégrer 1) To carry out the mathematical operation of → integration. From L. integratus p.p. of integrare "to renew, restore," → integer + -ate a verb forming suffix. Dorostâlidan, infinitive of dorostâl, → integral; dorostâl gereftan "to take (an) integral;" gereftan "to take, seize" (Mid.Pers. griftan, Av./O.Pers. grab- "to take, seize," cf. Skt. grah-, grabh- "to seize, take," graha "seizing, holding, perceiving," M.L.G. grabben "to grab," from P.Gmc. *grab, E. grab "to take or grasp suddenly;" PIE base *ghrebh- "to seize"). |
integrated circuit barqrâh-e yekpârxcé, ~ dorostâlidé Fr.: circuit intégré A circuit whose components are found on a single semiconductor substrate. |
integrated electronics elektronik-e dorostâlidé Fr.: électronique intégrée The branch of electronics that deals with integrated circuits, especially the interdependence of material, circuits, and design. Integrated, p.p. of → integrate; → electronics. |
integrated magnitude borz-e dorostâlidé Fr.: magnitude intégrée The magnitude an extended object (nebula, galaxy,etc.) would have if all of its light were concentrated into a point source |
integrating factor karvand-e dorostâlandé Fr.: facteur intégrant A function that converts a → differential equation, which is not exact, into an → exact differential equation. This is done by multiplying all terms of the original equation by the integrating factor. |
integration dorostâleš, dorostâlgiri Fr.: intégration In calculus the operation which consists of finding the areas enclosed by curves through the summations of infinitesimals. The inverse process of differentiation. Verbal noun of → integrate. |
integration time zamân-e dorostâleš Fr.: temps d'intégration The time during which a detector integrates the incoming photons. → integration; → time. |
intellect hošan Fr.: intellecte 1) The → power or faculty of the → mind
by which one knows or → understands,
as distinguished from that by which one feels and that by which one
wills; the understanding; the faculty of thinking and acquiring
→ knowledge. M.E., from O.Fr. intellecte "intellectual capacity," from L. intellectus "discernment, understanding," from intelligere "to understand, discern," from → inter- "between" + legere "to choose, pick out, read." From hôš, huš "intellect, understanding; mind;" Mid.Pers. hôš; Av. uši- "intelligence, understanding; mind," uši.darθra- "holding in mind;" + suffix -an. |
intellectual 1) hošani, hošanvâr; 2) andiškâr, andišekâr Fr.: intellectuel 1a) Appealing to or engaging the → intellect. From L. intellectualis, → intellect + → -al. Hošanvâr with suffix -vâr denoting suiting, befitting, resembling, in the manner of, possession (as in omidvâr, ayâlvâr, râhvâr). |
intelligence huš (#) Fr.: intelligence A property of the mind that encompasses many related abilities, such as
capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding, and similar forms
of mental activity. From O.Fr. intelligence, from L. intelligentia "understanding," from intelligentem (nom. intelligens) "discerning," pr.p. of intelligere "to understand, comprehend," from → inter- "between" + legere "choose, pick out, read;" PIE base *leg- "to pick together, gather, collect;" cf. Gk. legein "to say, tell, speak, declare," originally, in Homer "to pick out, select, collect, enumerate;" lexis "speech, diction;" logos "word, speech, thought." Huš, from Mid.Pers. hôš "intellect, understanding; mind," from Av. uši- "intelligence, understanding; mind," uši.darθra- "holding in mind." |
intelligent hušmand (#) Fr.: intelligent 1) Possessing intelligence; having the faculty of → understanding
and → reasoning. Back formation from → intelligence. |
intense dartanu Fr.: intense Existing or occurring in a high or extreme degree. See also → tense. From M.Fr. intense, from L. intensus "stretched, strained, tight," originally p.p. of intendere "to stretch out, strain," from in- "toward" + tendere "to stretch;" from PIE base *ten- "to stretch;" cf. Pers. tanidan "to spin, twist, weave," as below. âtanu, from â- affirmative prefix + tanu "stretched, strained," from tan + -u suffix of excess. The middle element tan, from tanidan "to spin, twist, weave" (Mid.Pers. tanitan; Av. tan- to stretch, extend;" cf. Skt. tan- to spin, stretch;" tanoti "stretches," tantram "loom;" Gk. teinein "to stretch, pull tight;" L. tendere "to stretch;" PIE base *ten- "to stretch"), Pers. târ "string," tân "thread," tur "fishing net, net, snare," and tâl "thread" (Borujerdi dialect) belong to this family; variants tanta "cobweb," tanadu, tafen, kartané, kârtané, kâtené, Pashtu tanistah "cobweb;" cf. Skt. tantu- "cobweb, thread, string"). |
intensification dartanuyeš Fr.: intensification The action of making or becoming stronger or more extreme. verbal noun of → intensify. |
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