An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 638
isotope
  ایزوتوپ، همجا   
izotop (#), hamjâ (#)

Fr.: isotope   

One of two or more atoms having the same number of protons in its nucleus, but a different number of neutrons and, therefore, a different mass.

Isotope, from → iso- + -tope, from Gk. topos "place."

Izotop, loan from Fr., as above. hamjâ, from ham- "together" → com- + "place" (from Mid.Pers. giyag "place;" O.Pers. ā-vahana- "place, village;" Av. vah- "to dwell, stay," vanhaiti "he dwells, stays;" Skt. vásati "he dwells;" Gk. aesa (nukta) "to pass (the night);" Ossetic wat "room; bed; place;" Tokharian B wäs- "to stay, wait;" PIE base ues- "to stay, live, spend the night").

isotope fractionation
  برخانش ِ ایزوتوپی   
barxâneš-e izotopi

Fr.: fractionnement isotopique   

A slight difference between the → abundances of → isotopes of the same → chemical element owing to → physical or → chemical  → processes. It results in the → enrichment or → depletion of an isotope. Same as → isotopic fractionation.

isotope; → fractionation

isotope shift
  کیب ِ ایزوتوپی   
kib-e izotopi

Fr.: décalage isotopique   

A displacement in the spectral lines due to the different isotopes of an element.

isotope; → shift.

isotopic
  ایزوتوپی   
izotopi (#)

Fr.: isotopique   

Of or relating to an → isotope.

isotope; → -ic.

isotopic fractionation
  برخانش ِ ایزوتوپی   
barxâneš-e izotopi

Fr.: fractionnement isotopique   

Same as → isotope fractionation.

isotopic; → fractionation

isotopic number
  عدد ِ ایزوتوپی   
adad-e izotopi

Fr.: nombre isotopique   

The difference between the number of neutrons in an isotope and the number of protons. Neutron excess.

isotopic; → number.

isotopic ratio
  وابر ِ ایزوتوپی   
vâbar-e izotopi

Fr.: rapport isotopique   

The relative abundances of two isotopes of a given chemical element, such as D/H (deuterium/hydrogen), (carbon) 12C/13C, and (uranium) 235U/238U.

isotopic; → ratio.

isotopic spin
  اسپین ِ ایزوتوپی، ایزو-اسپین   
spin-e izotopi (#), izospin (#)

Fr.: spin isotopique   

Same as → isospin.

isotopic; → spin.

isotopologue
  ایزوتوپولوگ   
izotopolog

Fr.: isotopologue   

Any of molecular entities which differ in their isotopic composition but retain the same → chemical elements, e.g. H2O and HDO.

Abbreviation of → isotopic → analogue.

isotopomer
  ایزوتوپومر   
izotopomer

Fr.: isotopomère   

Any of → isomers having the same number of each isotopic atom but differing in their positions. For example, CH3CHDCH3 and CH3CH2CH2D are a pair of isotopomers.

Short for isotopic isomers.

isotropic
  ایزوگرد، همسان‌گرد   
izogard, hamsângard (#)

Fr.: isotrope   

Having physical properties that do not vary with direction.

iso- + → -tropic.

isotropic Universe
  گیتی ِ ایزوگرد، ~ ِ همسان‌گرد   
giti-ye izogard, ~ hamsângard (#)

Fr.: Univers isotrope   

A Universe having observed properties that appear identical in every direction.

isotropic; → universe.

isotropy
  ایزوگردی، هم‌سان‌گردی   
izogardi, hamsângardi (#)

Fr.: isotropie   

The property by which physical properties are equal along all directions. → anisotropy.

Isotropy, noun of → isotropic.

issue
  ۱) برونای؛ ۲) بروناییدن   
1) borunây; 2) borunâyidan

Fr.: issue, question, problème   

1a) A result or outcome of something.
1b) The action of flowing or coming out.
1c) Each of a regular series of publications.
1d) An important topic or problem for debate or discussion.
2) Formally send out or make known (OxfordDictionaries.com).

M.E., from O.Fr. issue "a way out, a going out, exit; final event," from L. exire "to go out, go forth; become public; flow, pour forth," from → ex- "out," + ire "to go,"

Borunây, literally "what comes out, exits," from borun, → out, + ây- present stem of âmadan "to come, arrive, become," → precession.

iterate
  ایتریدن   
itaridan

Fr.: itérer   

1) To utter or to do something over again or repeatedly. → repeat.
2) Math.: → iteration.

Iterate "to do again, repeat," back-formation from iteration, from L. iterationem (nom. iteratio) "repetition," noun of action from iterare "to do again, repeat," from iterum "again, for the second time;" cf. Skt. itara- "the other (of the two), another."

Itaridan, from L. iter(um), Skt. itar(a-), as above, and Pers. dialects Kâšâni (Voništun) târ "the other;" Kurd. tir "the other" + -idan Pers. infinitive suffix.

iteration
  ایترش   
itareš

Fr.: itération   

A computational process involving a succession of approximations, which consists of repeating the operation by inputting the outcome of each preceding operation to improve the final result until a desired accuracy is achieved. Compare → repetition.

Verbal noun of → iterate.

iterative method
  روش ِ ایترشی   
raveš-e itareši

Fr.: méthode itérative   

A method of computation in mathematics using → iteration.

Iterative, characterized by or involving → iteration; → method.

Izar (ε Boötis)
  ایزار   
Izâr

Fr.: Izar   

A bright giant star in the constellation → Boötes lying 210 light-years away. It is a close double consisting of K0 and A0 dwarfs of magnitudes 2.5 and 4.6.

From Ar. Al-Izâr (الازار) "a cloth worn round the loins and passed between the legs," Ar. rendering of the Herdsman's skirt; → Boötes.

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