<< < -ic ice ide ima imp imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf inh inp ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iss > >>
inclination darkil Fr.: inclinaison 1) The angle between two lines or two planes. Inclination, from M.E. inclinacioun, from L. inclination-, from inclinat(us) p.p. of inclinare, from → in- + clinare "to bend;" cf. Gk. klinein "to cause to slope, slant, incline;" Skt. sri- "to lean," O.Pers. θray-; Av. sray- "to lean;" Mod.Pers. kil "bent, inclined, slant;" PIE base *klei- "to lean, incline" from which is also derived P.Gmc. *khlinen (Ger. lehnen, E. lean). Darkil, from prefix dar- "in" + kil "bent, crooked, inclined" [Dehxodâ], Mid.Pers. xwahl "bent, crooked" (Mod.Pers. dialectal/colloquial variants kowleh, cowleh, cowl, caval, xohl, xohal, hol), cf. Skt. kûla- "slope, declivity;" PIE base *klei-, as above. |
inclination of axis darkil-e âse Fr.: inclinaison de l'axe The angle between the rotation axis of a planet and the normal to the ecliptic. → inclination; → axis. |
inclination of Earth's equator darkil-e hamugâr-e zamin Fr.: inclinaison de l'équateur terrestre → inclination; → Earth; → equator. |
incline darkililan Fr.: s'incliner; incliner To deviate from the vertical or horizontal; slant. Verbal form of → inclination. |
include darkolândan Fr.: inclure To comprise as a part. See also → conclude, → exclude. From L. includere "to shut in, enclose, imprison, insert," from → in- "in" + claudere "to shut, close; to block up, make inaccessible," ultimately from PIE root *klau- "hook, hooked branch or piece of wood; bolt, bar;" cf. L. clavis "key," clavus "nail," claustrum "bar, bolt, barrier;" Gk. kleidos "bar, bolt, key;" O.Ir. clo "nail;" M.Ir. clithar "hedge, fence;" O.C.S. kljuci "hook, key," kljuciti "shut;" Lith. kliuti "to catch, be caught on;" O.H.G. sliozan "shut," Ger. schließen "to shut," Schlüssel "key." Darkolândan, from dar-, → in-, + kolândan "to shut," from kolân "wooden bolt, latch;" variants kelân, kolun, kolum, koland, kolandân, kelid, kelidân "wooden bolt, latch;" kalâk "a crook stick for gathering fruit;" (Tabari) kali, (Lori) kelil, (Laki) kalil "key; lock;" (Kurd.) kilil, kilij "key;" (prefixed) biškal(a) "a crooked stick for opening a lock, a sort of key;" (Kurd. Kurmanji) kelemce "handcuff;" (Âštiyâni) keleku "a large wooden mallet used by bleachers;" (prefixed) eškelak "a piece of wood used between a thief's fingers to force him confess;" kor-mix, gol-mix "a large-headed peg or stake;" Mid.Pers. kilêl "key." This family of Pers. words is probably related to PIE root *klau- "hook, hooked branch or piece of wood; bolt, bar," as above. |
inclusion darkolân Fr.: inclusion 1) The act of including; the state of being included; that which is included. Verbal noun of → include. |
incoherent waves mowjhâ-ye nâhamdus (#) Fr.: ondes incohérentes The lack of a fixed phase relationship between two or more waves. → coherent. Incoherent, from negation prefix → in- + → coherent; → wave. |
incompatibility nâsâzgâri (#) Fr.: incompatibilité 1) The condition of two things being so different in nature as to be unable to
exist together. → incompatible; → -ity. |
incompatible nâsâzgâr (#) Fr.: incompatible Of two or more propositions, unable to be true simultaneously. → compatible. From M.L. incompatibilis, from → in- "not" + compatibilis (→ compatible). Nâsâzgâr, from nâ- "not," → in-, + sâzgâr, → compatible. |
incompleteness nâ-ospori Fr.: incomplétude The state of being incomplete, for example in photometric studies of a population of stars when the faintest members of the population are lacking. → completeness Negative of → completeness. |
incompressible flow tacân-e nâtanjidani, ~ tanješnâpazir Fr.: écoulement incompressible A flow whose volume or density does not change under pressure, and therefore its density is a constant. In other words, an ideal flow in which the → divergence of velocity is zero. → compressible flow. → incompressible, from → in "not" + → compressible; → flow. |
inconsistency nâhânesgâri Fr.: incohérence, inconsistance 1) Lack of consistency or agreement; incompatibility; an inconsistent
feature or quality. → in-; → consistency. |
inconsistent nâhânesgâr Fr.: incohérent, inconsistant 1) Lacking in consistency, agreement, or compatibility; at variance. → in-; → consistent. |
increase 1) afzudan; 2) afzâyeš Fr.: 1) accroître, augmenter; croître, s'accroître, augmenter;
2) accroissement 1) To make or become greater, in number, size, degree, etc.. M.E., from O.Fr. encreiss-, pr.p. stem of encreistre, from L. increscere "to increase, to grow upon," from → in- "in" + crescere "to grow," → crescent. Afzudan, from Mid.Pers. abzudan "to increase, grow," O.Pers. abijav- "to increase, add to, promote," from abi-, aiby- "in addition to; to; against" + root jav- "press forward," Av. gav- "to hasten, drive," Sk. jav- "to press forward, impel quickly, excite," javate "hastens." |
increment fazâyé Fr.: incrément The amount by which a varying quantity increases between two of its stages. In → calculus, the Greek letter Δ (delta) is used to denote an increment; e.g. Δx is an increment of x, contrasted to → decrement. Increment, from L. incrementum "growth, increase," from stem of increscere "to grow in or upon" from → in- "in" + crescere "to grow." Fazâyé, from fazâ shortened present stem of afzudan "to add, increase" (Mid.Pers. abzudan "to increase, grow;" O.Pers. abijav- "to increase, add to, promote," from abi-, aiby- "in addition to; to; against" + root jav- "press forward;" Av. gav- "to hasten, drive;" Skt. jav- "to press forward, impel quickly, excite," javate "hastens") + -y- euphonic infix + -é noun/nuance suffix. |
indefinite nâhedârmand, nâhedâr Fr.: indéfini Not → definite; without fixed or specified limit. |
indefinite integral dorostâl-e nâhedârmand Fr.: intégrale indéfinie Math.: An integral without upper and lower limits. The general antiderivative of a function. → definite integral. |
independent nâvâbasté (#) Fr.: indépendant Not dependent. |
independent events ruydâdhâ-ye nâvâbasté (#) Fr.: événements indépendants Statistics: Two events if the occurrence of one of them gives no → information about whether or not the other event will occur; these events have no influence on each other. → independent; → event. |
independent random variables vatandehâ-ye kâture-ye nâvâbasté Fr.: variables aléatoires indépendantes Statistics: Two random variables X and Y if and only if the value of X has no influence on the value of Y and vice versa. |
<< < -ic ice ide ima imp imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf inh inp ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iss > >>