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inclination darkil Fr.: inclinaison 1) The angle between two lines or two planes. Inclination, from M.E. inclinacioun, from L. inclination-, from inclinat(us) p.p. of inclinare, from → in- + clinare "to bend;" cf. Gk. klinein "to cause to slope, slant, incline;" Skt. sri- "to lean," O.Pers. θray-; Av. sray- "to lean;" Mod.Pers. kil "bent, inclined, slant;" PIE base *klei- "to lean, incline" from which is also derived P.Gmc. *khlinen (Ger. lehnen, E. lean). Darkil, from prefix dar- "in" + kil "bent, crooked, inclined" [Dehxodâ], Mid.Pers. xwahl "bent, crooked" (Mod.Pers. dialectal/colloquial variants kowleh, cowleh, cowl, caval, xohl, xohal, hol), cf. Skt. kûla- "slope, declivity;" PIE base *klei-, as above. |
inclination of axis darkil-e âse Fr.: inclinaison de l'axe The angle between the rotation axis of a planet and the normal to the ecliptic. → inclination; → axis. |
inclination of Earth's equator darkil-e hamugâr-e zamin Fr.: inclinaison de l'équateur terrestre → inclination; → Earth; → equator. |
incline darkililan Fr.: s'incliner; incliner To deviate from the vertical or horizontal; slant. Verbal form of → inclination. |
include darkolândan Fr.: inclure To comprise as a part. See also → conclude, → exclude. From L. includere "to shut in, enclose, imprison, insert," from → in- "in" + claudere "to shut, close; to block up, make inaccessible," ultimately from PIE root *klau- "hook, hooked branch or piece of wood; bolt, bar;" cf. L. clavis "key," clavus "nail," claustrum "bar, bolt, barrier;" Gk. kleidos "bar, bolt, key;" O.Ir. clo "nail;" M.Ir. clithar "hedge, fence;" O.C.S. kljuci "hook, key," kljuciti "shut;" Lith. kliuti "to catch, be caught on;" O.H.G. sliozan "shut," Ger. schließen "to shut," Schlüssel "key." Darkolândan, from dar-, → in-, + kolândan "to shut," from kolân "wooden bolt, latch;" variants kelân, kolun, kolum, koland, kolandân, kelid, kelidân "wooden bolt, latch;" kalâk "a crook stick for gathering fruit;" (Tabari) kali, (Lori) kelil, (Laki) kalil "key; lock;" (Kurd.) kilil, kilij "key;" (prefixed) biškal(a) "a crooked stick for opening a lock, a sort of key;" (Kurd. Kurmanji) kelemce "handcuff;" (Âštiyâni) keleku "a large wooden mallet used by bleachers;" (prefixed) eškelak "a piece of wood used between a thief's fingers to force him confess;" kor-mix, gol-mix "a large-headed peg or stake;" Mid.Pers. kilêl "key." This family of Pers. words is probably related to PIE root *klau- "hook, hooked branch or piece of wood; bolt, bar," as above. |
inclusion darkolân Fr.: inclusion 1) The act of including; the state of being included; that which is included. Verbal noun of → include. |
incoherent waves mowjhâ-ye nâhamdus (#) Fr.: ondes incohérentes The lack of a fixed phase relationship between two or more waves. → coherent. Incoherent, from negation prefix → in- + → coherent; → wave. |
incompatibility nâsâzgâri (#) Fr.: incompatibilité 1) The condition of two things being so different in nature as to be unable to
exist together. → incompatible; → -ity. |
incompatible nâsâzgâr (#) Fr.: incompatible Of two or more propositions, unable to be true simultaneously. → compatible. From M.L. incompatibilis, from → in- "not" + compatibilis (→ compatible). Nâsâzgâr, from nâ- "not," → in-, + sâzgâr, → compatible. |
incompleteness nâ-ospori Fr.: incomplétude The state of being incomplete, for example in photometric studies of a population of stars when the faintest members of the population are lacking. → completeness Negative of → completeness. |
incompressible flow tacân-e nâtanjidani, ~ tanješnâpazir Fr.: écoulement incompressible A flow whose volume or density does not change under pressure, and therefore its density is a constant. In other words, an ideal flow in which the → divergence of velocity is zero. → compressible flow. → incompressible, from → in "not" + → compressible; → flow. |
inconsistency nâhânesgâri Fr.: incohérence, inconsistance 1) Lack of consistency or agreement; incompatibility; an inconsistent
feature or quality. → in-; → consistency. |
inconsistent nâhânesgâr Fr.: incohérent, inconsistant 1) Lacking in consistency, agreement, or compatibility; at variance. → in-; → consistent. |
increase 1) afzudan; 2) afzâyeš Fr.: 1) accroître, augmenter; croître, s'accroître, augmenter;
2) accroissement 1) To make or become greater, in number, size, degree, etc.. M.E., from O.Fr. encreiss-, pr.p. stem of encreistre, from L. increscere "to increase, to grow upon," from → in- "in" + crescere "to grow," → crescent. Afzudan, from Mid.Pers. abzudan "to increase, grow," O.Pers. abijav- "to increase, add to, promote," from abi-, aiby- "in addition to; to; against" + root jav- "press forward," Av. gav- "to hasten, drive," Sk. jav- "to press forward, impel quickly, excite," javate "hastens." |
increment fazâyé Fr.: incrément The amount by which a varying quantity increases between two of its stages. In → calculus, the Greek letter Δ (delta) is used to denote an increment; e.g. Δx is an increment of x, contrasted to → decrement. Increment, from L. incrementum "growth, increase," from stem of increscere "to grow in or upon" from → in- "in" + crescere "to grow." Fazâyé, from fazâ shortened present stem of afzudan "to add, increase" (Mid.Pers. abzudan "to increase, grow;" O.Pers. abijav- "to increase, add to, promote," from abi-, aiby- "in addition to; to; against" + root jav- "press forward;" Av. gav- "to hasten, drive;" Skt. jav- "to press forward, impel quickly, excite," javate "hastens") + -y- euphonic infix + -é noun/nuance suffix. |
indefinite nâhedârmand, nâhedâr Fr.: indéfini Not → definite; without fixed or specified limit. |
indefinite integral dorostâl-e nâhedârmand Fr.: intégrale indéfinie Math.: An integral without upper and lower limits. The general antiderivative of a function. → definite integral. |
independent nâvâbasté (#) Fr.: indépendant Not dependent. |
independent events ruydâdhâ-ye nâvâbasté (#) Fr.: événements indépendants Statistics: Two events if the occurrence of one of them gives no → information about whether or not the other event will occur; these events have no influence on each other. → independent; → event. |
independent random variables vatandehâ-ye kâture-ye nâvâbasté Fr.: variables aléatoires indépendantes Statistics: Two random variables X and Y if and only if the value of X has no influence on the value of Y and vice versa. |
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