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lodranite lodrânit Fr.: lodranite A rare type of → achondrite→ meteorite. Named after Lodhran (Punjab), Pakistan, where the type specimen fell on 1 October 1868. |
LOFAR LOFAR Fr.: LOFAR A low frequency radio telescope network concentrated in the Netherlands with extensions into other European countries. It consists of a core and an extended → array in the Netherlands as well as in surrounding European countries with maximum → baselines of 2 km, 100 km, and 1,000 km respectively. LOFAR will be the largest radio telescope ever built, using a new concept based on a vast array of simple omni-directional antennas. The array will operate at the lowest frequencies that can be observed from Earth, at 30-250 MHz. About 75% of the construction is finished and LOFAR has already started its → commissioning period. When entirely finished, it will consist of 45,000 small antennas, distributed within 48 stations in the north east of the Netherlands, nearby parts of Germany, the UK, France, Sweden, and perhaps later Poland and Spain. The extensions in the United Kingdom, Germany, and France are completed. The French extension, located in the Nançay station of Paris Observatory (190 km south of Paris), is fully operational since December 2010. Moreover, a project to extend the low-frequency component of the Nançay station is under study. LOFAR is a forerunner of the future → Square Kilometer Array (SKA) project. See also the LOFAR homepage. |
log 1) log; 2) logidan Fr.: 1) journal; 2) enregistrer 1) Any of various records, made in rough or finished form,
concerning a trip made by a ship or aircraft and dealing with
particulars of navigation, weather, engine performance, discipline,
and other pertinent details; → logbook. M.E. logge, variant of lugge "pole, limb of tree; piece of wood," of unknown origin, back formation from logbook, a book used by sailors to record the speed measurements made by means of a chip of a tree log on the end of a reeled log line. 1) Log, loan from E., as above. |
log in darlogidan Fr.: s'identifier, se connecter Computers: To enter identifying data, as a user name or password, into a database, mobile device, or computer, especially a multi-user computer or a remote or networked system, so as to to access and use it (Dictionary.com). |
log out vâlogidan Fr.: se déconnecter Computers: To terminate a session. |
logarithm logâritm (#) Fr.: logarithme The → exponent of the → power to which it is necessary to raise a fixed number to produce the given number. The fixed number is called the → base. The logarithm of x to the base a, denoted log_{a}(x), is the unique → real number y such that a^{y} = x. In the familiar system of → common logarithms, the base is 10. In the system of → natural logarithms, the base is e = 2.7182818 ... (→ number e). For example, the logarithm of 100 (base 10) is 2 because 10^{2} = 100. Mod.L. logarithmus, coined by Scottish mathematician John Napier (1550-1617), literally "ratio-number," from Gk. logos "proportion, ratio, word," → logic + arithmos "number," → arithmetic. |
logarithmic logâritmi (#) Fr.: logarithmique Of or pertaining to a → logarithm. |
logarithmic extinction xâmuši-ye logâritmi Fr.: extinction logarithmique Same as → reddening coefficient. → logarithmic; → extinction. |
logarithmic scale marpel-e logâritmi Fr.: échelle logarithmique A scale of measurement in which an increase of one unit represents a tenfold increase in the quantity measured (for common logarithms) → logarithmic; → scale. |
logbook lognâmé Fr.: livre de bord, journal de navigation, carnet de vol, carnet d'observations A book in which details of a trip made by a ship or aircraft are recorded; log (Dictionary.com). |
logic guyik, cemguyik (#) Fr.: logique 1) The science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable
inference. M.E. logik; O.Fr. logique, from L. (ars) logica, from Gk. logike (techne) "reasoning (art)," from feminine of logikos "pertaining to speaking or reasoning," from logos "reason, idea, word." Guyik, from guy- present stem of goftan "to say, speak, relate,
tell; to compose a poem," from Mid.Pers. guftan "to say, tell, utter;"
O.Pers. gaub- "to say" + -ik, → -ic. |
logic diagram nemudâr-e guyiki Fr.: diagramme logique A diagram that uses special symbols called logic symbols to represent the detailed functioning of electronic logic circuits. The symbols do not represent the type of electronics used, but only their functions. |
logical guyik, gyuiki, guyikvâr Fr.: logique 1) According to or agreeing with the principles of logic. |
logical connective hâbandâr-e guyiki Fr.: connecteur logique A symbol that can be combined with one or more → sentences in order to form a new sentence. For example "and" (∧), "or" (∨) "not" (¬), "if-then" (→), and "iff" (⇔). → logical; → connective. |
logically equivalent guyikâné hamug-arz Fr.: logiquement équivalent Describing two → compound propositions → if and only if they have the same → truth table. → logical; → equivalent. |
login darlog Fr.: identification, connexion 1) The act of logging in to a database, mobile device, or computer,
especially a multi-user computer or a remote or networked computer system. |
lognormal distribution vâbâžeš-e logâritmi-hanjârvar Fr.: distribution logarithmico-normale A → probability distribution in which the natural logarithm (logX) of the → random variable (X) has a → Gaussian distribution. → logarithm; → normal distribution. |
logout vâlog Fr.: fin de session, déconnexion The process by which a computer user logs out. |
Lomb-Scargle periodogram dowrenegâšt-e Lomb-Scargle Fr.: périodogramme de Lomb-Scargle An algorithm for detecting and characterizing periodic signals in unevenly-sampled data. The Lomb-Scargle periodogram has a particularly wide use within the astronomy community. This method allows efficient computation of a Fourier-like → power spectrum estimator from such unevenly-sampled data, resulting in an intuitive means of determining the period of oscillation (see VanderPlas, 2017, astro-ph/1703.09824 and references therein). Named after Lomb, N. R. 1976, Ap&SS 39, 447 and Scargle, J. D. 1982, ApJ 263, 835; → periodogram. |
long derâz (#) Fr.: long 1) Having considerable linear extent in space.
→ very-long-baseline interferometry (VLBI). M.E. longe, O.E. lang, long, akin to O.H.G., Ger. lang "long," O.N. langr, M.Du. lanc, Goth. laggs "long," L. longus, → longitude. Derâz "long," Mid.Pers. drâz "long;" O.Pers. darga- "long;" Av. darəga-, darəγa- "long," drājištəm "longest;" cf. Skt. dirghá- "lon (in space and time)." |
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