trans-Neptunian object (TNO)
Fr.: objet trans-neptunien
A member of a class of objects in orbit around the Sun at a larger distance than the distance between Neptune and the Sun. This includes several → dwarf planets, such as → Eris, → Pluto, and many small solar system bodies.
Fr.: raie transaurorale
A forbidden line emitted by interstellar ionized gas by several atomic species (O, O+, O++, N+, S++, etc.) corresponding to the transition from the electronic state 1S to 3P. Examples are the ultraviolet line of the doubly ionized oxygen [O III] at 2321 A and [N II] 3063 A. → auroral line; → forbidden line; → nebular line.
Tarâfarâzandé, from tarâ- "beyond, over," → trans-, + farâzandé agent noun of farâzandan "to raise, erect, exalt," from farâz "above, up, upon, on the top, aloft," from Mid.Pers. farâz, farâc "forward, prominent, distinguished;" Av. frānk- (adj.) "turned toward the front," fraca (adv.) "forward, forth," fraš (adv.) "forward, forth; before;" Proto-Iranian *frānk-.
Fr.: fonction transcendante
A function which is not → algebraic. For example y = cosx, y = 10xx.
Fr.: logique transcendantale
In Kantian epistemology, a pure logic which contains solely the rules of the pure thought of an object, excluding any mode of knowledge with empirical content. Whereas general logic is not concerned with the origin of our cognitions, transcendental logic would contain rules for the use of → a priori cognitions.
Fr.: nombre transcendant
A → real number that is not a → root of any → algebraic equation with → rational → coefficients. Every transcendental number is → irrational. Examples of transcendental numbers are π = 3.1415926... and e = 2.7182818...
Of a comprehensive framework that transcends the partial scope of disciplinary worldviews through an overarching synthesis, such as general systems, feminist theory, and sustainability. The term also connotes a new structure of unity informed by the worldview of complexity in science and a new mode of knowledge production that draws on expertise from a wider range of organizations, and collaborations with stakeholders in society. See also → interdisciplinary and → multidisciplinary (Thompson Klein, J. 2010, Creating Interdisciplinary Campus Culture, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.).
To convert (energy) from one form into another.
From L. transducere "lead across, transfer," from → trans- "across" + ducere "to lead."
Tarâhâxtan, from tarâ-, → trans-, + hâxtan, hâzidan, from Mid.Pers. "to lead, guide, persuade," Av. hak-, hacaiti "to attach oneself to, to join," cf. Skt. sacate "accompanies, follows," Gk. hepesthai "to follow,", L. sequi "to follow;" PIE *sekw-.
A device that converts one type of energy to another for various purposes, such as a microphone that converts acoustic energy into electrical impulses or a photodetector that converts modulated light waves to electrical currents.
Agent noun of → transduce.
1) tarâvaž 2) tarâvažidan
Fr.: 1) transfert; 2) transférer
1) The conveying of something or energy from one place or position to another.
M.E. transferren (v.), from L. transferre "to carry over, transfer, translate," from → trans- "across" + ferre "to carry;" cognate with Pers. bordan "to carry, transport;" Mid.Pers. burdan; O.Pers./Av. bar- "to bear, carry," barəθre "to bear (infinitive);" Skt. bharati "he carries;" Gk. pherein "to carry;" PIE base *bher- "to carry."
Tarâvaž, from tarâ-, → trans- "across," + važ, variant vâz (in parvâz), Av. vaz- "to draw, guide; bring; possess; fly; float," vazaiti "guides, leads" (cf. Skt. vah- "to carry, drive, convey," vahati "carries," pravaha- "bearing along, carrying," pravāha- "running water, stream, river;" L. vehere "to carry;" O.E. wegan "to carry;" O.N. vegr; O.H.G. weg "way," wegan "to move," wagan "cart;" M.Du. wagen "wagon;" PIE base *wegh- "to drive;" see also → flight).
Fr.: fonction de transfert
The mathematical relationship between the output of a control system and its input: for a linear system, it is the Laplace transform of the output divided by the Laplace transform of the input under conditions of zero initial-energy storage.
1) tarâdis (#); 2) tarâdisidan (#)
Fr.: 1) transformée, transformation; 2) transformer
1) Math.: A mathematical quantity obtained from a given quantity
by an algebraic, geometric, or functional transformation.
tarâdiseš (#), tarâdis (#)
1) The act or process of transforming. The state of being transformed.
Verbal noun of → transform.
tarâdisgar (#), tarâdisandé (#)
A device that converts low voltages to higher voltages, or vice versa. A transformer consists of a primary coil and a secondary coil, both traversed by the same magnetic flux.
General: Lasting for only a short time; not permanent.
From L. transiens "passing over or away," pr.p. of L. transire "to go or cross over," from → trans- "cross" + ire "to go."
Gozarâ "transient," from gozar present stem of gozaštan "to pass, cross, transit," variant gozâštan "to put, to place, let, allow;" Mid.Pers. widardan, widâštan "to pass, to let pass (by);" O.Pers. vitar- "to pass across," viyatarayam "I put across;" Av. vi-tar- "to pass across," from vi- "apart, away from" (O.Pers. viy- "apart, away;" Av. vi- "apart, away;" cf. Skt. vi- "apart, asunder, away, out;" L. vitare "to avoid, turn aside") + O.Pers./Av. tar- "to cross over;" → trans-.
transient lunar phenomenon (TLP)
padide-ye mângi-ye gozarâ, ~ mâhi-ye
Fr.: phénomène lunaire transitoire
A short-lived change in the brightness of patches on the face of the Moon. The TLPs last from a few seconds to a few hours and can grow from less than a few to a hundred kilometers in size. They have been reported by many observers since the invention of the telescope. However, the physical mechanism responsible for creating a TLP is not well understood. Several theories have been proposed, among which lunar outgassing, that is, gas being released from the surface of the Moon.
Fr.: ciel transitoire
A general term for all events of astronomical nature occurring in the sky and lasting only for a relatively short duration, such as → supernova explosions, → gamma-ray bursts, → flare stars, → luminous red novae, eclipsing brown dwarfs, → tidal disruption events, etc.
transient X-ray source
xan-e partow-e iks-e gozarâ
Fr.: source de rayons X transitoire
An X-ray source that appears suddenly in the sky, strongly increases its intensity over a few days, and then declines with a lifetime of several months.
An active semiconductor device with a small low-powered solid-state electronic device consisting of a semiconductor and three or more electrodes, used as an amplifier and rectifier and frequently incorporated into integrated circuit chips. Although much smaller in size than a vacuum tube, it performs similar functions without requiring current to heat a cathode.
1) An event where one astronomical object appears to move across the
face of another. As seen from Earth, the planets Venus and Mercury are
seen to transit the Sun. We can also observe natural satellites transit the
face of their host planet. Similarly exoplanets have been observed to transit their
host stars. See also → planetary transit,
→ transit method.
M.E., from L. transitus, p.p. of transire "to go or cross over," from → trans- "across" + ire "to go."
Gozar "passage, transit, passing," from gozaštan "to pass, cross, transit," variant gozâštan "to put, to place, let, allow;" Mid.Pers. widardan, widâštan "to pass, to let pass (by);" O.Pers. vitar- "to pass across," viyatarayam "I put across;" Av. vi-tar- "to pass across," from vi- "apart, away from" (O.Pers. viy- "apart, away;" Av. vi- "apart, away;" cf. Skt. vi- "apart, asunder, away, out;" L. vitare "to avoid, turn aside") + O.Pers./Av. tar- "to cross over;" → trans-.