1) Of or relating to a college, academy, school, or other educational institution,
especially one for higher education.
A member of an association or institution for the advancement of arts, sciences, or letters.
From Fr. académicien, from académic-, → academic, + -ian a suffix forming adjectives and nouns.
1) A group of authorities and leaders in a field of scholarship, art,
etc., who are often permitted to dictate standards, prescribe methods,
and criticize new ideas.
From Fr. Académie, from L. Academia, from Gk. Akademeia "grove of Akademos," a legendary Athenian of the Trojan War tales, whose estate, six stadia from Athens, was the enclosure where Plato taught his school.
The study that deals with the astronomical knowledge of prehistoric peoples (season events, calendars, observing sites, astronomical alignments) and its influence on their cultures and societies (mythologies, religions, life). Archaeoastronomy covers the intersection between astronomy and archaeology. Same as → astroarchaeology, megalithic astronomy.
Archeoastronomy, from L. archaeo-, archeo "ancient; earlier; primitive," from Gk. arkhaio-, from arkhaios "ancient" + → astronomy.
Bâstânaxtaršenâsi, from bâstân "ancient" + axtaršenâsi, → astronomy.
axtarbâstânšenâsi(#) , bâstânaxtaršenâsi (#)
Same as → archaeoastronomy, megalithic astronomy.
1) hamistân, hâjuheš; 2) hâjuheš
1) A position of two bodies in the → solar system
when they have the same → celestial longitude,
seen from the Earth. The bodies can be a → planet
and the → Sun, two planets or the
→ Moon and a planet. The
→ superior planets are in conjunction with the Sun,
when, seen from the Earth, they are right behind the Sun. The
→ inferior planets, such as Mercury and Venus,
have two conjunctions with the Sun: → inferior conjunction,
when they are between the Earth and the Sun, and
→ superior conjunction, when they are on the other
side of the Sun.
M.E. conjunccio(u)n, from O.Fr. conjonction, from L. conjunctionem, p.p. of conjugare "to join together," from → com- "together" + jugare "to join," from jugum "yoke," from PIE *yeug- "to join;" Av. yaog- "to yoke, put to; to join, unite;" Mid.Pers. jug, ayoxtan "to join, yoke;" Mod.Pers. yuq "yoke," variant juh, → yoke; Skt. yugam "yoke;" Hittite yugan "yoke;" Gk. zygon "yoke," zeugnyanai "to join, unite;" O.C.S. igo; O.Welsh iou; Lith. jungas; O.E. geoc.
Hamistân "standing together," from ham- "together,"
→ com- + istân "standing," from istâdan
"to stand" (cf. Skt samstha "an assembly"), Mid.Pers.
êstâtan, O.Pers./Av. sta- "to stand, stand still; set,"
Av. hištaiti, cf. Skt. sthâ- "to stand,"
Gk. histemi "put, place, weigh," stasis "a standing still,"
L. stare "to stand."
celle-ye tâbestân (#)
Meteorology: A period of several successive days of abnormally hot and usually humid weather occurring in summer.
Having concern for or helping to improve the welfare and happiness of people (dictionary.com).
→ humanity + -arian a suffix forming nouns and adjectives, from -ari(us) or -ary + -an.
Martugândust, literally "friend/lover of humanity," from martugân, → humanity, + dust "friend," Mid.Pers. dôst "friend," dôšidan "to love, like, choose;" O.Pers. dauštā- "friend;" Av. zuš- "to take pleasure;" PIE root *geus- "to taste, like, choose;" cf. Skt. jos- "to like, enjoy;" Gk. geuomai, L. gustus "taste, enjoyment" (Cheung 2007).
Fr.: hiver par impact
The enormous drop in temperature and the related effects of the shrouding of Earth with soot and dust particles after the planet is struck by a sizable comet or asteroid. Such a phenomenon is believed to have killed off the dinosaurs 65 million years ago.
Fr.: conjonction inférieure
The conjunction of an inferior planet with the Sun when the planet is between the Sun and the Earth. → superior conjunction.
Inspiring interest, holding the attention.
Adj. from → interest.
Absent; wanting; deficient.
local standard of rest
estânde-ye mahali-ye âram
Fr.: standard local de repos
A frame of reference that turns around the Galactic center at a velocity and a distance which are the mean values for the stars in the solar neighborhood. In this reference system the stars belonging to the solar neighborhood are statistically at rest. The orbital velocity of the Local Standard of Rest around the Galaxy is about 220 km/sec.
kelimâ-ye kuhestân (#)
Fr.: climat de montagne
Climate of relatively high elevations, specifically where optical observatories are situated.
1, 2) pâdist; 3, 4) pâdistân
1) The action of opposing, resisting, or combating.
Verbal noun of → oppose.
Pâdist "standing against," from pâd-
"agaist, contrary to," → anti-,
+ ist present stem of istâdan "to stand"
O.Pers./Av. sta- "to stand; to set;"
Av. hištaiti; cf. Skt. sthâ- "to stand;"
Gk. histemi "put, place, weigh," stasis "a standing still;"
L. stare "to stand;" Lith. statau "place;" Goth. standan;
PIE base *sta- "to set, stand").
Preceding and leading up to the main part, matter, or business; introductory; preparatory (Dictionary.com).
From Fr. préliminaire, from M.L. praeliminaris, from L. prae- "before," → pre-, + limen "threshold."
Fr.: primaire, principal
M.E., from L. primarius "of the first rank, principal," from primus "first."
Naxostân, from naxost, from Mid.Pers. naxust "the first," Parthian Mid.Pers. nxwšt, from naxu, Manichean Parthian nwx "beginning" + -ist superlative suffix, Av. -išta-, cf. Skt. -istha-, Gk. -istos, O.H.G. -isto, -osto, O.E. -st, -est, -ost.
Fr.: corps principal
primary cosmic rays
partowhâ-ye keyhâni-ye naxostân
Fr.: rayons cosmiques primaires
The → cosmic rays which arrive on the Earth's → atmosphere from the outer space. The primary cosmic rays are very high energy → protons and to a lesser extent heavier nuclei which rain upon the Earth from all diretions in the outer space. They contain about 90% protons, 7% → alpha particles and about 1% still heavier nuclei of amost all the atoms from Li to Ni ( → mass number< 60). See also: → secondary cosmic rays.