An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



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Number of Results: 1965 Search : ion
dilution factor
  کروند ِ اوتالش   
karvand-e owtâleš

Fr.: facteur de dilution   

The energy density of a radiation field divided by the equilibrium value for the same color temperature.

dilution; → factor.


Fr.: dimension   

1) Math.: Independent extension in a given direction; a property of space.
2) Physics: → physical dimension.

From L. dimensionem (nom. dimensio), from stem of dimetri "to measure out," from → dis- + metri "to measure."

Vâmun, from vâ-, → dis-, + mun, variant mân "measure" (as in Pers. terms pirâmun "perimeter," âzmun "test, trial," peymân "measuring, agreement," peymâné "a measure; a cup, bowl"), from O.Pers./Av. mā(y)- "to measure;" PIE base *me- "to measure;" cf. Skt. mati "measures," matra- "measure;" Gk. metron "measure;" L. metrum.


Fr.: dimensionnel   

Of or pertaining to → dimension.

dimension; → -al.

dimensional analysis
  آنالس ِ وامونی، آناکاوی ِ ~   
ânâlas-e vâmuni, ânâkâvi-ye ~

Fr.: analyse dimensionnelle   

A technique used in physics based on the fact that the various terms in a physical equation must have identical → dimensional formulae if the equation is to be true for all consistent systems of unit. Its main uses are:
a) To test the probable correctness of an equation between physical quantities.
b) To provide a safe method of changing the units in a physical quantity.
c) To solve partially a physical probable whose direct solution cannot be achieved by normal methods.

dimensional; → analysis.

dimensional formula
  دیسول ِ وامونی   
disul-e vâmuni

Fr.: formule dimensionnelle   

Symbolic representation of the definition of a physical quantity obtained from its units of measurement. For example, with M = mass, L = length, T = time, area = L2, velocity = LT-1, energy = ML2T-2. → dimensional analysis.

dimensional; → formula.


Fr.: sans dimension   

A physical quantity or number lacking units.

dimension; → -less.

dimensionless quantity
  چندای ِ بی‌وامون   
candâ-ye bivâmun

Fr.: quantité sans dimension   

A quantity without an associated → physical dimension. Dimensionless quantities are defined as the ratio of two quantities with the same dimension. The magnitude of such quantities is independent of the system of units used. A dimensionless quantity is not always a ratio; for instance, the number of people in a room is a dimensionless quantity. Examples include the → Alfven Mach number, → Ekman number, → Froude number, → Mach number, → Prandtl number, → Rayleigh number, → Reynolds number, → Richardson number, → Rossby number, → Toomre parameter. See also → large number.

dimension; → quantity.

Dione (Saturn IV)

Fr.: Dioné   

The fourth largest moon of Saturn and the second densest after Titan. Its diameter is 1,120 km and its orbit 377,400 km from Saturn. It is composed primarily of water ice but must have a considerable fraction of denser material like silicate rock.

Discovered in 1684 by Jean-Dominique Cassini, Italian born French astronomer (1625-1712). In Gk. mythology Dione was the mother of Aphrodite (Venus) by Zeus (Jupiter).

dipole radiation
  تابش ِ دوقطبه   
tâbeš-e doqotbé

Fr.: rayonnement dipolaire   

The electromagnetic radiation produced by an oscillating → electric dipole or → magnetic dipole.

dipole; → radiation.

Dirac annihilation
  نابودی ِ دیراک   
nâbudi-ye Dirac

Fr.: annihilation de Dirac   

Same as → pair annihilation.

Dirac; → annihilation.

Dirac equation
  هموگش ِ دیراک   
hamugeš-e Dirâk

Fr.: équation de Dirac   

The equation that describes the behavior of an → electron in a way that combines the requirements of → quantum mechanics with the requirements of → special relativity. The Dirac equation predicted the existence of antimatter

Dirac; → equation.

Dirac function
  کریای ِ دیراک   
karyâ-ye Dirâk

Fr.: fonction de Dirac   

A function of x defined as being zero for all values of x other than x = x0 and having the definite integral from x = -∞ to x = +∞ equal to unity.

Dirac; → function

direct correlation
  هم‌باز‌آنش ِ سرراست   
hambâzâneš-e sarrâst

Fr.: corrélation directe   

A correlation between two variables such that as one variable becomes large, the other also becomes large, and vice versa. The correlation coefficient is between 0 and +1. Also called positive correlation.

direct; → correlation.

direct motion
  جنبش ِ فرارو، ~ سرراست   
jonb eš-e farârow, ~ sarrâst

Fr.: mouvement direct   

The motion of a solar system body from West to East across the sky against the background stars. It is the "normal" direction of motion within the solar system. For rotating or orbiting solar system objects it is anti-clockwise as seen from above the solar system in the direction of the North Pole. The same as → prograde motion. See also → retrograde motion.

direct; → motion.

  راستا، سو؛ ۲) راشتاری   
1) râstâ, su (#); 2) râštâri

Fr.: direction   

1) A position to which motion or another position is referred.
2) The act or an instance of directing.

M.E. direccioun, from M.Fr., from L. direction-, stem of directio "arranging in line, straightening," → direct.

1) Râstâ, from directdirect + dimension suffix; su, from Mid.Pers. sôk "side."
2) Râštâri, noun from râštârdirector + suffix -i.

direction angle
  زاویه‌ی ِ راستا   
zâviye-ye râstâ

Fr.: angle de direction   

An angle made by a given vector and a coordinate axis.
The angle between the North and a chosen direction.

direct; → angle.

Dirichlet condition
  بوتار ِ دیریکله   
butâr-e Dirichlet

Fr.: condition de Dirichlet   

One of the following conditions for a → Fourier series to converge:
1) The function f(x) is defined and single valued, except possibly at a finite number of points in the interval -π, +π.
2) f(x) has a period of 2π.
3) f(x) and f'(x) are → piecewise continuous functions on -π, +π.
Then, the Fourier series converges to:
(a) f(x) if x is a point of continuity.
(b) (f(x + 0) + f(x - 0))/2, if x is a point of discontinuity.

Named after Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet (1805-1859), German mathematician who made valuable contributions to → number theory, → analysis, and → mechanics; → condition.


Fr.: desallouation   

The act of disallocating or the state of being disallocated.

dis- + → allocate.

discrete absorption component (DAC)
  همنه‌ی ِ درشمی ِ گسسته   
hamne-ye daršami-ye gosasté

Fr.: composante d'absorption discrète   

The rapid, systematic changes in the absorption parts of the → P Cygni profiles of the ultraviolet → resonance lines (Si IV, C IV, and N V) observed in a majority of massive → hot stars. DACs are typically seen to accelerate to the → blue wing of the profile over a few days, becoming narrower as they approach the → terminal velocity.

discrete; → absorption; → component.

discrete transition
  گذرش ِ گسسته   
gozareš-e gosasté

Fr.: transition discrète   

A transition between two quantum-mechanical energy levels. See also → discrete spectrum.

discrete; → transition.

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