âtâhidan, bé kâr bordan (#)
To make use of; to put to use especially for some practical purpose.
From M.E. ap(p)lien, from O.Fr. aploiier "apply, use, attach," from L. applicare "to attach to, connect;" figuratively, "devote (oneself) to, give attention," from → ad- "to" + plicare "to fold," → explain.
Âtâhidan, from â- intensive/nuance prefix, + tâh "fold, plait, ply"
(on the model of L., as above, → explain);
Mid.Pers. tâg "piece, part" + -idan infinitive suffix.
1) nazdidan, nazdik šodan; 2) nazdeš
Fr.: 1) approche; 2) s'approcher, approcher
1) (v.intr.) To come near or nearer, as in space or time.
M.E. approchen, from O.Fr. aprochier, from L. appropiare, from ad- "to" + propius "nearer," comparative of prope "near".
1) Nazdidan from nazd "near," Mid.Pers. nazd,
Av. nas- "to come near, approach, reach," nazdišta-
"nearest, next," nazdyo "nearer to," compare with
Skt. nas- "to approach, to reach"
+ -idan "infinitive forming suffix".
The act of approving; approbation; formal permission or sanction.
To confirm or sanction formally; ratify.
M.E., from O.Fr. aprover "approve, agree to," from L. approbare "to assent to as good, regard as good," from → ad- "to" + probare "to try, test something (to find if it is good)," from probus "honest, genuine," → prove.
Âsandidan, from â- + sandidan, as in pasandidan (with pati-) "to cherish, approve;" ultimately from Proto-Ir. *sand- "to appear, seem good;" cf. Av. sənd- "to appear, seem (good);" Manichean Mid.Pers. shyn "apparent, prominent, splendid;" Mid.Pers. passand "to approve;" Khotanese sad- "to appear, seem, show;" Skt. chand- "to appear, please;" L. censere "to appraise, value, judg" (Cheung 2007).
1) nazdin (#); 2) nazdinidan
Fr.: 1) approximatif; 2) s'approcher
1) Nearly exact or correct; near or approaching a certain state, condition, or goal.
From L. approximatus, p.p. of approximare "to draw near to," from ad- "to" + proximare "come near," from proximus "nearest," superlative of prope "near".
1) Nazdin from nazd "near" + -in, adjective making
suffix, in particular superlative, as in bišin, kamin, kehin,
Not exactly, but nearly or roughly.
Adverb of → approximate.
1) General: A guess or estimate; nearness in space, position, degree.
Approximation, verbal noun of → approximate.
Nazdineš, verbal noun of nazdinidan, → approximate.
A situation in which two heavenly bodies apparently approach each other. A close → conjunction in which no → occultation actually occurs.
L. appulsus, from appellere, appulsum "to drive to," from ad, → ad- + pellere "to drive".
Hamtâxt from ham- "against; together" + tâxt, from tâxtan "to rush upon, run, assault".
Relating to an → apsis.
Fr.: mouvement apsidial
→ Rotation of the → line of apsides in the plane of the orbit in the same direction as the → revolution of the → secondary body. The major axis of the Earth's orbit rotates by 11.6 arcseconds per year.
Fr.: précession absidiale
apsides, line of
Fr.: ligne des apsides
The line connecting the two apsides, i.e. the major axis of an elliptical orbit. → apsis.
apsis (pl. apsides)
L. apsis "arch, vault," from Gk. hapsis "loop, arch," from haptein "fasten together".
Mod.Pers. habâk "top of the head; the summit of a mountain".
Exactly suitable; appropriate; suited to a purpose.
M.E., from L. aptus "fitted, suitable, fastened," from p.p. of *apere "to fasten;" akin to Hittite hap- "to attach;" PIE *ap- "to grasp, take, reach".
Niyâw "apt, suitable, appropriate," from Mid.Pers.
Morq-e behešti (#)
Fr.: Oiseau de paradis
The Bird of Paradise. A constellation in the southern hemisphere, at
L. apus "a kind of swallow," from Gk. apous "without feet, sand martin," from → a- "without" + pous "foot".
Morq-e behešti "bird of paradise," from morq "bird" + behešt "paradise".
Several → meteor showers that have their
→ radiants in the constellation
→ Aquarius. The main showers are:
Aquarids, from → Aquarius constellation + → -ids suffix denoting "descendant of, belonging to the family of."
Âbkašiyân, from Âbkaš + -iyân, → -ids.
Âbkeš, Rizande-ye âb (#)
The Water Bearer. An extended southern constellation composed of rather faint stars (R.A. about 23h, Dec. about -15 deg). One of the signs of the → Zodiac, it is surrounded by → Pegasus, → Equuleus, and → Delphinus to the north, → Aquila to the west, → Pisces Austrinus and → Sculptor to the south, and → Cetus to the east. Abbreviation: Aqr, genitive from: Aquarii.
Aquarius, L. "water carrier," literally "of the water," translation of Gk. Hydrokhoos "the water-pourer," old Gk. name of this constellation.
Âbkeš "water carrier or drawer," from âb "water" (Mid.Pers. âb "water;" O. Pers. ap- "water;" Av. ap- "water;" cf. Skt. áp- "water;" Hitt. happa- "water;" PIE āp-, ab- "water, river;" cf. Gk. Apidanos, proper noun, a river in Thessalia; L. amnis "stream, river" (from *abnis); O.Ir. ab "river;" O.Prus. ape "stream;" Lith. upé "stream;" Latv. upe "brook") + keš "drawer," contraction of kešandé, from kešidan/kašidan "to carry, draw, extract, trail, drag" (Mid.Pers. kešidan "to draw, pull;" Av. karš- "to draw; to plough," karša- "furrow;" cf. Skt. kars-, kársati "to pull, drag, plough," Gk. pelo, pelomai "to be busy, to bustle;" PIE base kwels- "to plow").
The Eagle. A constellation on the celestial equator representing an eagle (R.A. about 19h30, Dec. about +5 deg). It is marked by the bright star → Altair (α Aquilae). Abbreviation: Aql, genitive form: Aquilae.
L. aquila "black eagle," fem. of aquilus "dark colored" (bird).
Šâhin "eagle," Av. saêna- "eagle," Skt. śyená- "eagle, falcon, hawk".
Fr.: Rift de l'Aigle
A long, dark structure located close to the → Galactic plane and occupying an area between longitudes l ~15° and ~35° and latitudes b ± 10° in the constellations Aquila, Serpens, and eastern Ophiuchus. The Aquila Rift is a complex of dust and → molecular clouds making part of → Gould's Belt in the → Orion Arm. The mass of the molecular gas, derived from → carbon monoxide (CO) observations (Dame et al. 2001, ApJ 547, 792), is in the range ~ 1-3 x 105 → solar masses. A distance of ~260 pc has been estimated for the Aquila Rift, but it is uncertain. Recent Herschel observations have revealed a filamentary structure in the Aquila Rift and the presence of a population of → pre-stellar cores as well as → young stellar objects (André et al. 2010, A&A 518, L102; Bontemps et al. 2010, A&A 518, L85; Könyves et al. 2010, A&A 518, L106).
L. ara "fire altar," from PIE as- "to burn".
Âtašdân "a hearth, a fire-place; a movable coal grate," from âtaš "fire" (from Mid.Pers. âtaxš, âzar-, O.Pers. *âtar-, Av. âtar-, from Indo-Iranian *âtar-, compare with L. âter (feminine âtra) "black" (from "blackened by fire"); PIE *âter) + -dân suffix denoting recipient.