An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 888
astronomical object
  بر‌آخت ِ اخترشناسیک، ~ اختری   
barâxt-e axtaršenâsik, ~ axtari

Fr.: objet astronomique   

A naturally occurring physical entity or association that lies beyond the Earth's atmosphere and can be studied observationally. In other words, a gravitationally bound structure that is associated with a position in space, but may consist of multiple independent astronomical objects. A list of astronomical objects includes → planets, → asteroids, → comets, → stars, → nebulae, galaxies (→ galaxy), → galaxy clusters, → pulsars, and → black holes. Note that → celestial body, → celestial object, and → heavenly body are less technical terms for these entities.

astronomical; → object.

astronomical observatory
  نپاهشگاه ِ اخترشناسیک، ~ اخترشناختی   
nepâhesgâh-e axtaršenâsik, ~ axtaršenâxti

Fr.: observatoire astronomique   

A building, place, or institution designed and equipped for making → observations of astronomical phenomena.

astronomical; → observatory.

astronomical refraction
  شکست ِ اخترشناختی   
šekast-e axtaršenâxti

Fr.: réfraction astronomique   

The → angular → displacement of a point on the → celestial sphere due to the Earth's → atmospheric refraction.

astronomical; → refraction.

astronomical site
  سیت ِ اخترشناسیک، ~ اخترشناختی   
sit-e axtaršenâsik, ~ axtaršenâxti

Fr.: site astronomique   

A certain place whose characteristics, as to location, altitude, atmospheric conditions, etc., make it appropriate for astronomical observations.

astronomical; → site.

astronomical table
  جدول ِ اختری   
jadval-e axtari

Fr.: table astronomique   

One of a set of tables giving parameters used for calculations of positions of the Sun, the Moon, and the planets in particular in pre-telescopic astronomy. The oldest known astronomical tables are those of Ptolemy. In Modern astronomy it is usually replaced by the term → ephemeris. Same as → zij. See also → Toledan Tables, → Alfonsine Tables.

astronomical; → table.

astronomical twilight
  نیمتاب ِ اخترشناسیک، ~ اخترشناختی   
nimtâb-e axtaršenâsik, ~ axtarsnâxti

Fr.: crépuscule astronomique   

The time between sunset or sunrise and the moment when the Sun's center lies 18° below the horizon. → civil twilight.

astronomical; → twilight.

astronomical unit (au)
  یکا‌ی ِ اخترشناسیک، ~ اخترشناختی   
yekâ-ye axtaršenâsik, ~ axtaršenâxti (#)

Fr.: unité astronomique   

1) A unit of length equal to 149 597 870 700 m exactly, with symbol "au" (re-definition at the International Astronomical Union's 28th General Assembly in Beijing, China, August 20-31). The astronomical unit equals 1.5813 × 10-5 → light-years and 4.8481 ×10-6 → parsecs.
2) Previous definition: The radius of a circular orbit in which a body of negligible mass, and free of perturbations, would revolve around the Sun in 2 π / k days, where k is the → Gaussian gravitational constant. This is slightly less than the semi-major axis of the Earth's orbit.

astronomical; → unit.

astronomy
  اخترشناسی   
axtaršenâsi (#)

Fr.: astronomie   

The science of the celestial bodies and the Universe, dealing especially with the positions, dimensions, distribution, motion, chemical composition, energy, and evolution of celestial bodies and phenomena.

O.Fr. astronomie, from L. astronomia, from Gk. astronomia, from → astro- "star" + nomos "arranging, regulating," related to nemein "to deal out."

Axtaršenâsi, from axtar "star," → astro- + -šenâsi "knowledge" from šenâxtan "to know, to discern."

astroparticle physics
  فیزیک ِ اخترذره   
fizik-e axtar-šzarre

Fr.: physique des astroparicules   

The area of science which deals with → elementary particle and → high-energy phenomena in → astrophysics and → cosmology.

astro-; → particle; → physics.

astrophotography
  اختر‌شیدنگاری، شیدنگاری ِ اختری   
axtar-šidnegâri, šidnegâri-ye axtari

Fr.: astrophotographie   

The photography of stars, other celestial bodies, and stellar fields.

astro-, → photography.

astrophotometry
  اخترشیدسنجی، شیدسنجی ِ اختری   
axtar-šidsanji, šidsanji-ye axtari

Fr.: astrophotométrie   

The measurement of the intensity of light of celestial bodies.

Astrophotometry, from → astro- + → photometry.

Axtar-šidsanji, from axtar-, → astro-, + -šidsanji, → photometry.

astrophysical
  اخترفیزیکی   
axtarfiziki (#)

Fr.: astrophysiqie   

Of or pertaining to → astrophysics.

astrophysics + → -al

astrophysical jet
  شان ِ اخترفیزیکی   
šân-e axtarfiziki

Fr.: jet astrophysique   

A very fast moving, → collimated beam of → ionized gas at high temperatures associated with → protostars, → X-ray binary systems, and, at a larger scale, with → active galactic nuclei.

astrophysical; → jet.

astrophysical object
  بر‌آخت ِ اخترفیزیکی   
barâxt-e axtarfiziki

Fr.: objet astrophysique   

An extraterrestrial → object whose physical properties and formation are studied in → astrophysics.

astrophysical; → object.

astrophysicist
  اخترفیزیکدان   
axtarfizikdân (#)

Fr.: astrophysicien   

A scientist who studies → astrophysics.

astro-; → physicist. The term astrophysicist was introduced by Greenwich astronomer Edwin Dunkin in 1869.

astrophysics
  اخترفیزیک   
axtarfizik (#)

Fr.: astrophysique   

The branch of → astronomy that deals with the → physics of → celestial objects and the → Universe in general. It relies on the assumption that the → laws of physics apply everywhere in the Universe and throughout all time. See also → observational astrophysics, → theoretical astrophysics.

Astrophysics, from → astro- "star" + → physics. The first use of the term astrophysics has been attributed to Johann Karl Friedrich Zöllner (1834-1882) in 1865. He defined it as a coalescence of physics and chemistry with astronomy (History of Astronomy: An Encyclopedia, ed. John Lankford, Routledge, 1997).

asymmetric, asymmetrical
  ناهمامون   
nâhamâmun

Fr.: asymétrique   

Not having → symmetry.

asymmetry.

asymmetry
  ناهمامونی   
nâhamâmuni

Fr.: asymétrie   

Lack of symmetry; not symmetrical.

Gk. asymmetria "lack of proportion," from asymmetros "ill-proportioned," from → a- "not" + symmetros "commensurable, symmetrical."

Nâhamâmuni, from nâ- "not" + hamâmuni "symmetry," from ham- "together = syn" + -â-, euphonic affix, + mun "measure" + -i, noun affix.

asymptote
  ناهمساو   
nâhamsâv

Fr.: asymptote   

A straight line which is approached, but never reached, by an infinite branch of a curve, and which can be regarded as a line tangent to the curve at infinity.

Gk. asymptotos "not falling together," from → a- "not" + → syn "with" + ptotos "fallen," verbal adj. from piptein "to fall".

Nâhamsâv, literally "not touching each other," from nâ- "not" + ham "with" (akin to Gk. syn-) + sâv, agent noun of sâvidan "to touch."

asymptotic
  ناهمساوی   
nâhamsâvi

Fr.: asymptotique   

Of or pertaining to an → asymptote.

Adjective from → asymptote; → -ic.

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