irang-e varak, xatâ-ye ~
Fr.: erreur de biais
A measurement error that remains constant in magnitude for all observations; for example an incorrectly set zero adjustment.
nurdâd barây-e varak
Fr.: pose pour biais
CCD frame with exposure time set to zero and giving the bias level.
Fr.: voltage de biais
A voltage applied or developed between two electrodes as a bias.
Marked by or exhibiting bias; characterized by settled and often prejudiced outlook.
Biased, from → bias + adj. suffix -ed.
Varakdâr, from varak, → bias + -dâr "possessing, having," from dâštan "to possess, to have."
Fr.: estimation biasiée
Of a population parameter, if the mean or expectation of the statistics is not equal to the parameter.
biased galaxy formation
diseš-e varakdâr-e kahkašânhâ
Fr.: formation biaisée de galaxies
The theory that bright galaxies form preferentially from anomalously overdense perturbations in the → early Universe.
Fr.: échantillon biaisé
Fr.: statistique biasée
A statistics based on a → biased sample.
Fr.: cristal biaxe
A birefrigent crystal, such as mica, that is characterized by having two optical axes along which light is propagated with equal velocities.
A → microwave → polarimeter designed specifically to target the → B-mode signature of → inflation in the → cosmic microwave background polarization. BICEP2 observed from the South Pole for three seasons from 2010 to 2012. This 26 cm aperture → telescope comprised an all-cold refracting optical system equipped with a → bolometer array of 512 → detectors (256 pixels) operating at 150 GHz.
BICEP2, the upgraded version of the first BICEP, short for Background Imaging of Cosmic Extragalactic Polarization.
Fr.: lentille biconcave
Describing a lens with two concave faces.
Fr.: lentille biconvexe
A spherical lens with two convex faces. The radii of curvature for the two surfaces may or may not be the same.
Fr.: comète de Biela
A comet having a short period of 6.62 years discovered by Biela. It broke up on its 1846 return and subsequently gave rise to a spectacular meteor shower.
In honor of Wilhelm von Biela (1782-1856), Austrian military officer and amateur astronomer, who re-discovered the comet Biela in 1826, although it had been seen first in 1772. → comet.
Bielids, From Biel(a) + → -ids suffix denoting "descendant of, belonging to the family of."
1) dogalidan; 2) dogal
Fr.: 1) bifurquer; 2) à deux branches
1) To divide into two branches.
M.L. bifurcatus, from L. → bi- "two," + furca "pitchfork; fork used in cooking," of uncertain origin.
Dogalidan, from Gilaki dogal "fork, two-branched," cf. Tabari dekal, dokkal, doqâla, from do, → two, + gal, kal "branch, part," cf. Kurd. (Kurmanji) kar "part, piece," cognate with Pers. kârd "knife," (+ *niš-) nišgarda "cobbler's knife;" Mid.Pers. kârt "knife," karēnītan, karītan "to cut," (+ *fra-) fragard "chapter, section;" Av. karət- "to cut;" Proto-Iranian *kart- "to cut;" cf. Skt. kart- "to cut;" Gk. karpos "fruit;" L. carpere "to cut, divide, pluck;" PIE base *(s)ker- "to cut;" + -idan infinitive suffix. See also → shear.
1) A branching or division into two parts; a splitting apart.
Verbal noun of → bifurcate.
Fr.: point de bifurcation
The point or moment in the evolution of a → dynamical system that occurs if a parameter passes through a critical point. At this point the system branches into any number of qualitatively new types of behavior.
Fr.: théorie de bifurcation
1) A theory which studies how, in certain nonlinear systems, there may be paths
and shifts in behavior dependent on small changes in circumstances or the current position
of the system.
bozorg (#), meh (#)
Fr.: grand, gros
Of considerable size, number, quantity, large.
M.E., northern England dialect, of unknown origin.
Bozorg, → large. Meh "great, large;" Mid.Pers. meh, mas; Av. maz-, masan-, mazant- "great, important," mazan- "greatness, majesty," mazišta- "greatest;" cf. Skt. mah-, mahant-; Gk. megas; L. magnus; PIE *meg- "great."