Fr.: dessinateur, créateur, designer
A person who devises or executes designs, especially one who creates forms, structures, and patterns, as for works of art or machines (Dictionary.com).
Verbal form of → desorption.
A physical or chemical process by which a substance that has been sorbed (adsorbed or absorbed) by a liquid or solid material is removed from the material. Reverse of → sorption. → absorption; → adsorption.
Verbal noun of → desorb.
Fr.: malgré, en dépit de
In spite of; notwithstanding.
M.E. despit, from O.Fr. despit, from L. despectus "a looking down on, scorn, contempt," from p.p. of despicere "to look down on, scorn," from → de- "down" + spicere/specere "to look at," → scope; the preposition is contraction of in despite of, a loan-translation of O.Fr. en despit de "in contempt of."
Pâdkâm, literally "against (one's) will or desire," from pâd- "against, contrary," → anti-, + kâm "desire, wish;" Mid.Pers. kâm "desire, wish;" cf. Skt. kāma- "desire, wish."
Fr.: interférence destructive
Andarzaneš, → interference; virângar "destructive," from virân, "destroyed, ruined."
Fr.: système détaché
A binary system whose components are not in contact and in which no significant mass exchange is occurring.
P.p. of detach, from O.Fr. destachier (Fr. détacher), from des- "apart," + -tachier (as in atachier "to attach"); → system.
Râžmân→ system; jodâ "separate, distinct," Mid.Pers. jutâk (yutâk), jut (yut).
1) pâzé; 2) pâzidan
Fr.: 1) détail; 2) détailler
1) An individual or minute part; an item or → particular.
From Fr. détail, from O.Fr. detail "small piece or quantity," literally "a cutting in pieces," from detaillier "to cut in pieces," from → de- "entirely" + taillier "to cut in pieces," from L. taliare "to split."
Pâzé, from Sogd. pâzê "portion, bit;" Kurd. pâž "part of a whole;" related to Mod.Pers. baxš "part, division," bâž "tribute, toll, impost;" ultimately from Proto-Ir. *baj- "to bestow, divide, have a share;" cf. Av. baž- (baxš-) "to divide, bestow, give a share;" O.Pers. bāji- "tribute, tax;" Mid.Pers. bâj, bâž "tribute, tax," baxtan "to distribute," baxt "luck, fate;" Skt. bhaj- "to share, distribute, apportion," Gk. phagein "to eat (to have a share of food)"; PIE base *bhag- "to share out, apportion;" → division.
1) Having many details.
Adjective from → detail.
To uncover the presence of, as of a sought-for nuclear particle or an astronomical object.
From M.E., from L. detectus, p.p. of detegere "uncover, disclose," from → de- reversal prefix + tegere "to cover."
Âškâridan "to reveal," infinitive of âškâr "manifest, clear," Mid.Pers. âškârak "manifest," from Proto-Iranian *âviškâra- from *âviš, Av. âviš "manifestly," + *kâra-, from kar- "to do, make," cf. Skt. avistya- "apparent, manifest."
The act or state of detecting, → detect
M.E., from L.L. detection-, from detect(us), → detect, + -ion.
Âškâreš, from âškâr present-tense stem of âškâridan→ detect + -š verbal noun suffix.
detective quantum efficiency (DQE)
kârâyi-ye kuântomi-ye âškâreš
Fr.: rendement quantique de détection
The square of the ratio of the output → signal-to-noise (S/N) to the input S/N.
A performance criterion for an electronic detector, reciprocal of the corresponding → noise-equivalent power (D = 1/NEP).
A device whose main function is detection.
L.L. detector, from deteg(ere), → detect, + -tor suffix forming agent noun.
Âškârgar, from âškâr present-tense stem of âškâridan "to detect" + -gar a suffix of agent nouns, from kar-, kardan "to do, to make" (Mid.Pers. kardan, O.Pers./Av. kar- "to do, make, build," Av. kərənaoiti "makes," cf. Skt. kr- "to do, to make," krnoti "makes," karma "act, deed;" PIE base kwer- "to do, to make").
An agent or factor that determines the nature of something or that fixes or
conditions an outcome.
From → determine + -ant suffix forming noun.
The act of deciding definitely and firmly; the result of such an act of decision.
Verbal noun of → determine.
1) General: To settle or decide by choice of alternatives or possibilities.
Âtarmidan, from âtarm + verb forming suffix -idan; âtarm from intensive prefix â- + tarm "limit, boundary," → term.
1) Decided; settled; resolved.
p.p. of → determine.
The belief that every event is necessitated by antecedent events and conditions together with the laws of nature. → deterministic physics.
Âtarmbâvari, from âtarm, → determine, + bâvari, noun of bâvar "beleif;" Mid.Pers. wâbar "beleif;" Proto-Iranian *uar- "to choose; to convince; to believe;" cf. Av. var- "to choose; to convince" varəna-, varana- "conviction, faith;" O.Pers. v(a)r- "to choose; to convince;" Skt. vr- "to choose," vara- "choosing."
Of, pertaining to, or dealing with → determinism.
From determinist + → -ic.
Fr.: physique déterministe
The classical representation of the laws of nature according to which a particular future state (B) will arise from a particular past one (A). In contrast to → quantum physics which deals with the probability for the transition from A to B.
Deterministic, adj. of determinism; → physics.