guyik-e diseyi, ~ disevar
Fr.: logique formelle
The traditional or → classical logic in which the → validity or → invalidity of a conclusion is deduced from two or more statements (→ premises). Based on Aristotle's (384-322 BC) theory of → syllogism, systematized in his book "Organon," its focus is not on what is stated (the content) but on the structure (form) of the → argument and the validity of the inference drawn from the premises of the argument; if the premises are true then the logical consequence must also be true. Formal logic is → bivalent, that is it recognizes only two → truth values: → true and → false. The basic principles of formal logic are: 1) → principle of identity, 2) → principle of excluded middle, and 3) → principle of non-contradiction. See also → symbolic logic, → fuzzy logic.
râžmân-e diseyi, ~ disevar
Fr.: système formel
In logic and mathematics, a system in which statements can be constructed and manipulated with logical rules.
A colorless gas with a pungent, suffocating odor used as an adhering component of
glues in many wood products. Formaldehyde (H2CO)
is obtained most commonly by the oxidation of methanol or petroleum gases such as
methane, ethane, etc.
From form(ic) acid, from Fr. formique, + → aldehyde.
1) Excessive adherence to prescribed forms.
1) Condition or quality of being formal; accordance with required or
traditional rules, procedures, etc.
1) The act of giving something a form or structure by introducing rules
disevar kardan, disevaridan
1) To state in symbolic form; to give a definite structure to.
Compound verb, from disevar, → formal, + kardan "to do, to make;" Mid.Pers. kardan; O.Pers./Av. kar- "to do, make, build;" Av. kərənaoiti "he makes;" cf. Skt. kr- "to do, to make," krnoti "he makes, he does," karoti "he makes, he does," karma "act, deed;" PIE base kwer- "to do, to make."
1) disâr; 2) disâridan
Fr.: 1) format; 2) formater
1) General: The way in which something is presented, organized, or
From Fr. format, from Mod.L. liber formatus "a book formed" (in such and such a way), referring to shape, size; from formatus p.p. of formare "to form," → form.
1) Disâr, from dis, → form + -âr contraction of
âvar agent noun of
âvardan "to bring; to cause, produce"
(Mid.Pers. âwurtan, âvaritan; Av. ābar- "to bring; to possess,"
from prefix ā- + Av./O.Pers. bar- "to bear, carry,"
bareθre "to bear (infinitive)," bareθri
"a female that bears (children), a mother;" Mod.Pers. bordan "to carry;"
Skt. bharati "he carries;" Gk. pherein; L. fero "to carry").
1) The act or process of forming or the state of being formed, such as
→ star formation.
Verbal noun of → form, + -ate + -ion.
Diseš, verbal noun of disidan, → from dis-, → form, + -eš.
The process of preparing a hard disk or other storage medium for use by an operating system. Before a hard disk can be used, it needs to be formatted so that it will be able to store files and applications.
formic acid (HCOOH)
asid formik (#)
Fr.: acide formique
A colorless, corrosive fuming liquid with pungent odor. It occurs in various plants and in the venom of many ant species. Used in dyeing, tanning, and electroplating. Also called methanoic acid. HCOOH is the simplest organic acid and the first identified in the interstellar medium (Zuckerman et al. 1971, ApJ, 163, L41). It has been observed principally in star-forming regions such as Orion KL, Sgr B2, Sgr A, and W51 and is associated with → hot molecular cores and → massive star formation. Recently, it has also been shown to be present in some → hot corinos associated with formation of stars similar to our Sun. Due to the presence of carboxyl radical (COOH), it plays an important role in the pathway formation of → prebiotic molecules like amino acids, in the interstellar clouds and comets (see, e.g., Lattanzi et al. 2008, ApJS 176, 536).
From L. formica "ant," ultimately from from PIE *morwi-, *wormiko- "ant;" cf. Av. maoiri-; Mid.Per. môr; Pers. mur, murcé "ant;" Skt. vamra- "ant;" Gk. murmeks, wormikas; O.C.S. mraviji; O.Ir. moirb; O.N. maurr.
1) Physics, Math.: A statement of facts in a symbolical or general form, by
substitution in which a result applicable to particular data may be obtained.
Verbal form of → form.
1) The act or process of formulating.
The Chemical Furnace. A faint → constellation in the southern sky, representing a chemist's furnace. Its brightest star, Alpha Fornacis, is a double of magnitudes 4.0 and 6.5. Abbreviation: For; genitive: Fornacis.
L. fornax "oven, kiln," related to fornus, furnus "oven,"
and to formus "warm," from PIE base *ghworm-/*ghwerm- "warm"
(cf. Mod./Mid.Pers. garm "warm;" O.Pers./Av. garəma-
"hot, warm;" Skt. gharmah "heat;" Gk. thermos
"warm;" cf. O.E. wearm; O.H.G., Ger. warm).
Kuré "furnace;" Tabari kalə "furnace," kəlen "ash;" Laki koira; Kurd. kulan, kulandan "to cook;" Laki koira; Kurd. kulan, kulandan "to cook;" related to garm "warm;" cf. Skt. ghar- "to burn;" E. kiln "furnace, oven," from L. culina "cooking stove, kitchen;" PIE root *gwher- "to warm, be warm," → warm.
Fr.: amas de Fourneau
A cardinal number, ten times four.
M.E. fourti, O.E. feowertig, from feower, → four, + tig "group of ten" (cf. O.S. fiwartig, Du. veertig, O.H.G. fiorzug, Ger. vierzig, Goth. fidwor tigjus.
Cehel (short form cel); Mid.Pers. cehel "forty;" Av. caθwarəsa(n)t- "forty," from caθwar-, → four, + sant-, sat "ten;" cf. Skt. catvārimśát- "forty."
1) piš-su; 2) piš-su kardan
Fr.: en avant, en avance
1a) To or toward what is ahead or in front.
Piš-su, from piš "forward; in front of; before;" Mid.Pers. pêš, + su, → direction.
Fr.: diffusion en avant
Scattering in which photons emerge from the → scattering medium travelling predominantly in the same direction as they entered. The → halos around the Sun and Moon in wet weather are caused by forward scattering by water droplets in the Earth's atmosphere. → backscattering.
Fr.: choc en avant
A highly → supersonic → shock wave created in a → supernova remnant as the expanding stellar ejecta runs into the → interstellar medium (ISM). This forward shock wave produces sudden, large changes in pressure and temperature behind the shock wave. The forward shock wave also accelerates electrons and other charged particles to extremely high energies. The forward shock front has a velocity of 104 km s-1 and can heat the shocked gas to temperatures ~ 109 K. While the forward shock continues to expand into the ISM, it creates a → reverse shock that travels back into the freely expanding → supernova ejecta.