A male → parent.
M.E. fader, from O.E. fæder "father, male ancestor;" cf. O.S. fadar, Du. vader, O.N. faðir, O.H.G. fater, Ger. Vater; PIE *pəter-; cognate with Pers. pedar, as below.
Pedar, from Mid.Pers. pidar, variant pid "father;" O.Pers. pitā- "father;" Av. patar-; cf. Skt. pitár-; Gk. pater; L. pater (Fr. père, Sp. padre).
Geology: A fracture in the Earth's crust along which the adjacent rock surfaces have been displaced relative to each other. Movement along the fault can cause → earthquakes or, in the process of mountain-building, can release underlying → magma and permit it to rise to the surface as a volcanic eruption.
M.E. faute "deficiency," from O.Fr. faute "opening, gap; failure, flaw; lack," from V.L. *fallita "a shortcoming, falling," from L. falsus "deceptive, feigned, spurious," p.p. of fallere "to deceive, be wrong."
Gosalé, noun from gosalidan "to break; to snap asunder," ultimately from Proto-Iranian *visar-, from *vi- "apart" + *sar- "to break;" cf. Av. sairi- "fragment," asarəta- "not broken;" Skt. sar- "to break, tear apart," śūrtá- "smashed," aśīrtá- "unharmed;" Gk. keraizo "to tear, destroy," akeraios "unharmed;" PIE base *ker- "to hurt, harm."
Fr.: surface de faille
Geology: The surface of a fracture along which dislocation of adjacent rocks has taken place.
Fr.: formation de failles
The geological process leading to the formation of → faults.
Verbal noun, → fault.
One of light appendages that grow from a bird's skin and form its covering.
M.E., from O.E. fether; akin to Du. veder, Ger. Feder, O.N. fioþr, Sw. fjäder, from PIE root *pet- "to rush, to fly."
Parr "feather," variant bâl "wing," Mid.Pers. parr "feather, wing," bâl; Av. parəna- "feather," Skt. parnam, cf. O.H.G. farn "fern," PIE pornom "feather."
From O.Fr. faiture "fashion, shape, form," from L. facura "a formation," from facere "to make, do, perform" (cf. Fr. faire, Sp. hacer), from PIE base *dhe- "to put, to do" (cf. Mod.Pers. dâdan "to give;" O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, yield," dadāiti "he gives; puts;" Skt. dadáti "puts, places;" Hitt. dai- "to place;" Gk. tithenai "to put, set, place;" Lith. deti "to put;" Czech diti, Pol. dziac', Rus. det' "to hide," delat' "to do;" O.H.G. tuon, Ger. tun, O.E. don "to do").
Ârang "color; mode, form, manner," cf. Av. *iringa- "sign, mark" in haptôiringa- "with seven marks," from hapto- "seven," + iringa-; Mid.Pers. haptiring, Mod.Pers. haftowrang "the constellation of Great Bear;" cf. Skt. linga- "mark, token, sign."
Fr.: méthode de Feautrier
One of the most successful general methods for the numerical solution of the → radiative transfer equation. This method has been primarily used to study → radiative transfer in the → photospheres of stars.
P. Feautrier (1964), C.r. hebd. Séanc. Acad. Sci. Paris 258, 3198; → method.
qânun-e Fechner (#)
Fr.: loi de Fechner
See → Weber-Fechner law.
Biology: To impregnate, to fertilize.
L. fecundetus "made fruitful, fertilized," p.p. of fcundare, from fecundus "fruitful, fertile, productive," from L. root *fe-, corresponding to PIE *dhe(i)- "to suck, suckle;" cf. Skt. dhayati "sucks," dhayah "nourishing;" Gk. thele "mother's breast, nipple," thelys "female, fruitful;" Mid.Pers. dâyag "(wet-)nurse;" Mod.Pers. dâyé "(wet-)nurse;" Proto-Iranian *daH- "to suck, suckle;" O.C.S. dojiti "to suckle," dojilica "nurse;" Lith. dele "leech;" Goth. daddjan "to suckle;" O.H.G. tila "female breast."
Gošnidan, from gošn "male," Mid.Pers. gušn; cf. Av. varšni- "male;" Skt. vrsan-.
gošneš, gošngiri (#), bârvarsâzi (#)
Biology: The act or process of fecundating.
Relating to or characteristic of a unified body (e.g. a government) with constituent parts (states) that retain a measure of autonomy.
Hiyâvi, from hiyâvidan, → federate.
From L. foederatus "leagued together, allied," p.p. of foederare "to establish by treaty," from foedus "league, treaty, alliance," related to fides "faith."
Hiyâvidan, from Tabari hiyâ "together, with each other," probably related to Av. hi- "to chain, bind," hiθav- "association, assemblage," hinav- "bond, chain," hita- "fastened;" O.P. vištāspa- literally "with unbound horses;" Av. hitāspa-; Pers. gošudan "to open," → resolve; cf. Skt. sā-/say- "to bind, fasten, fetter." Coined on the model of Ger. Bund "federation, alliance, band," cognate with Pers. bastan "to bind," → absolute.
federated database system (FDBS)
râžmân-e pâygâh-e dâdehâ-ye hiyâvidé
Fr.: système de base de données fédéré
A composition of different databases which work in an integrated manner while preserving their autonomy.
1) The act of federating or uniting in a league.
Verbal noun of → federate.
Pertaining to or of the nature of a → federation.
He who, or that which, federates.
1) To give food to; supply with nourishment.
M.E. feden, from O.E. fedan "to nourish;" cf. O.S. fodjan, O.Fris. feda, Goth. fodjan "to feed."
Xorândan, transitive form of xordan "to eat, consume," Mid.Pers. xvardan "to eat, enjoy (food)," Av. xvar "to consume, eat;" Laki dialect hovârden "to eat;" Proto-Iranian *huar- "to consume, eat."
1) For any system that has an → input and
the return of a fraction of the output to the input for the next action.
Feedback process allows a system to regulate itself by monitoring its own
output. It is of prime importance to
the working of all regulatory mechanisms found in
living and non-living nature, as well as in social systems such
as education and economy.
Fr.: boucle de rétroaction