Fr.: illusion d'optique
A perception of visual stimuli in which what is perceived is in a way different from the way it is in reality. Same as visual illusion.
Fr.: instrument optique
An instrument that either processes light waves to enhance an image or analyzes light waves to determine one of a number of characteristic properties.
Fr.: jet optique
An → astrophysical jet which is visible in the optical range of the electromagnetic radiation.
Fr.: aplatissement optique
(polar flattening) The ratio of the difference between equatorial and polar diameters to the equatorial diameter. A sphere has an oblateness of 0; an infinitely thin disk has an oblateness of 1 (Ellis et al., 2007, Planetary Ring Systems, Springer).
râh-e nuri (#)
Fr.: chemin optique
In → geometric optics, the distance a light ray would travel in a vacuum in the same time it travels from one point to another, a specified distance, through one or more optical media.
pulsâr-e nuri, tapâr-e ~
Fr.: pulsar optique
Fr.: pompage optique
A process in which light energy is used to raise electrons from a lower energy level in an atom or molecule to a higher one. It is commonly used in laser construction, to pump the active laser medium so as to achieve population inversion. The technique was developed by 1966 Nobel Prize winner Alfred Kastler in the early 1950's.
râžmân-e nuri, ~ nurik
Fr.: système optique
A collection of lens, prisms, mirrors, and/or other devices, placed in some specified configuration, to act on light (reflect, refract, disperse, polarize, etc.) and perform some definite optical function.
Fr.: épaisseur optique
Same as → optical depth.
optical transfer function (OTF)
karyâ-ye tarâvaž-e nuri
Fr.: fonction de transfert optique
The function that provides a full description of the imaging quality of an optical system. A combination of the → modulation transfer function (MTF) and the → phase transfer function (PTF) , the OTF describes the spatial (angular) variation as a function of spatial (angular) frequency.
Fr.: fenêtre optique
The optical portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that passes through the atmosphere all the way to the ground.
Adverb of → optical.
→ optical + -ly.
Fr.: optiquement actif
Relating to → optical activity.
nurâné setabr, nurikâné ~
Fr.: optiquement épais
The qualifier of a medium in which the → optical depth is large, significantly larger than 1.
optically thick wind
bâd-e nurâné setabr
Fr.: vent optiquement épais
A wind with the → sonic point located at large optical depth for continuum. In particular, → Wolf-Rayet star winds are → optically thick. However, the outer parts of W-R winds are → optically thin for continuum, and in those regions the matter flow is driven by the same mechanism as in the winds of OB stars.
nurâné tonok, nurikâné ~
Fr.: optiquement mince
The qualifier of a medium in which the → optical depth is large, significantly smaller than 1.
optically violent variable (OVV) quasar
kuâsâr-e vartande-ye nurâné surâ
Fr.: quasar variable optiquement violent
A member of a small subset of quasars consisting of bright radio galaxies whose flux of visible light output can vary by as much as 50% in a single day.
1) eynak-sâz; 2) nurikâr, nurik-kâr
1) A maker or seller of optical glass.
From Fr. opticien, from M.L. optic(a), → optics, + -ien "-ian."
1) Eynak-sâz "eyeglass maker," from eynak→ eyeglasses + sâz agent noun of
"to build, make, fashion; to adapt, adjust, be fit" (from
Mid.Pers. sâxtan, sâz-, Manichean Parthian s'c'dn "to prepare,
to form;" Av. sak- "to understand, to mark,"
sâcaya- (causative) "to teach").
The branch of physics that deals with the properties and phenomena of electromagnetic radiation in the wavelength range extending from the ultraviolet (at about 40 nm) to the far-infrared (at 1 mm) and with vision.
Optics, from optic, from M.Fr. optique, from M.L. opticus "of sight or seeing," from Gk. optikos "of or having to do with sight," from optos "seen, visible," from op-, root of opsesthai "be going to see," related to ops "eye," from PIE *okw- "eye; to see" (→ eye); → -ics.
One that minimizes or maximizes some quantity or combination of quantities, such as time, energy, distance, path, etc.
Optimal, adj. of → optimum.