To expose a detector to too much photons, resulting in saturation.
Excessive exposure of a detector, → over-expose.
The abundance of a chemical element exceeding a reference value, in particular compared to that of the Sun.
The condition of a system in which the damping is so large that the system comes to a position of rest without oscillating.
Fr.: matière surdense
Matter whose density exceeds a reference level.
biš-barâvardan; 2) biš-barâvard
Fr.: 1) surestimer; 2) surestimation
1) To estimate at too high a value, amount, rate, or the like.
In computers, the condition arising when the result of an arithmetic operation exceeds the capacity of the number representation.
Sarriz, from sar, → head, + riz present stem of rixtan "to flow, to pour" (Mid.Pers. rēxtan and rēcitan "to flow;" Av. raēk- "to leave, set free; to yield, transfer," infinitive *ricyā; Mod.Pers; rig in morderig "heritage" (literally, "left by the dead"); cf. Skt. rinakti "he leaves," riti- "stream; motion, course;" L. rivus "stream, brook;" Old Church Slavic rēka "river;" Rus. reka "river;" Goth. rinnan "run, flow," rinno "brook;" O.E. ridh "stream").
The part of observing time at a telescope which is not directly used for science, such as the time spent for detector read-out, changing instruments, focusing, etc.
Bâlâ "up, above, high, elevated, height" (variants boland "high, tall, elevated, sublime," borz "height, magnitude" (it occurs also in the name of the mountain chain Alborz), Laki dialect berg "hill, mountain;" Mid.Pers. buland "high;" O.Pers. baršan- "height;" Av. barəz- "high, mount," barezan- "height;" cf. Skt. bhrant- "high;" L. fortis "strong" (Fr. and E. force); O.E. burg, burh "castle, fortified place," from P.Gmc. *burgs "fortress;" Ger. Burg "castle," Goth. baurgs "city," E. burg, borough, Fr. bourgeois, bourgeoisie, faubourg; PIE base *bhergh- "high") + sar, → head.
1) barham nehâdan; 2) barham nešastan; 3) barham nehâd; barham nešast
Fr.: empiéter, chevaucher
1) (v.tr.) To lap over something else; extend over and cover a part of.
→ over- + lap, verb from noun lap, from O.E. læppa "skirt or flap of a garment," from P.Gmc. *lapp- (cf. M.Du. lappe, O.H.G. lappa, Ger. Lappen "rag, shred").
1) Barham nehâdan, from barham "one over the other"
(for etymology of bar-, → on-;
for etymology of ham-, → com-) + nehâdan
"to place, put; to set" (Mid.Pers. nihâtan;
Av. ni- "down; below; into," → ni-,
+ dā- "to put; to establish; to give,"
dadāiti "he gives;" cf. Skt. dadāti "he gives;"
Gk. didomi "I give;" L. do "I give;" PIE base *do- "to give").
barham nahâd; barham nešast
Fr.: empiètement, chevauchement
An act or instance related to → overlap.
Verbal noun of → overlap.
Electricity: Any load which exceeds the rated output of a machine, transformer, or other apparatus.
The process of sampling a signal with a frequency higher than the → Nyquist frequency. The signal is said to be oversampled β times, where the oversampling ratio is defined as β = (sampling frequency)/(Nyquist frequency).
A situation in stellar interiors when the momentum of a particle carries it past its equilibrium point.
→ over-; shooting, from shoot, from O.E. sceotan "to shoot" (cf. O.N. skjota, Du. schieten, Ger. schießen), from PIE base *skeud- "to shoot, to chase, to throw, to project."
Farâzad, from farâ- "over, over against; foremost; before; onward" (Mid.Pers. fra-; O.Pers. fra- "forward, forth;" Av. frā "forth," pouruua- "first"; cf. Skt. pūrva- "first," pra- "before, formerly;" Gk. pro; L. pro; O.E. fyrst "foremost," superlative of fore, E. fore) + zad past stem of zadan "to strike, beat, dash against; to shoot" ( Mid.Pers. zatan, žatan; O.Pers.; Av. jan-, gan- "to strike, hit, smite, kill" (jantar- "smiter"); cf. Skt. han- "to strike, beat" (hantar- "smiter, killer"); Gk. theinein "to strike," phonos "murder;" L. fendere "to strike, push;" Gmc. *gundjo "war, battle;" PIE *gwhen- "to strike, kill").
To catch up with in traveling or pursuit; draw even with (Dictionary.com).
A note of lesser intensity and higher frequency than the fundamental note, and superimposed upon the latter to give a note of characteristic quality. Overtones whose frequencies are an integral multiple of the fundamental are said to form a harmonic series. The fundamental with a frequency f1 is the first harmonic. The frequency 2f1 is the first overtone and so on.
Voltage which exceeds the normal value between a conductor and earth.
miq-e buf, ~ joqd
Fr.: Nébuleuse de la Chouette
A planetary nebula in the constellation → Ursa Major, one of the four planetary nebulae in → Messier catalog. It is one of the more complex planetary nebulae known. Its appearance has been interpreted as that of a cylindrical torus shell viewed obliquely, so that the projected matter-poor ends of the cylinder correspond with the Owl's eyes. Also known as M97 or NGC 3587.
Discovered by Pierre Méchain in 1781, the name goes back to Lord Rosse, who first used it in 1848. Owl, from O.E. ule, from P.Gmc. *uwwalon (cf. Du. uil, O.H.G. uwila, Ger. Eule), a diminutive of root *uwwa, which is imitative of an owl's hoot (cf. L. ulula "owl;" Gk. ololyzein "to cry aloud," Skt. uluka- "owl.;" → nebula.
Miq, → nebula; buf "owl;" Mid.Pers. bûf "owl," Av. buxti- "hiss, howling;" cf. Skt. bukk- "to bark, yelp;" Gk. buas "owl;" L. bubo "owl" (Fr. hibou); Arm. bou "owl." Joqd "owl," probably related to jiq "shreak, clamour, cry."
Agent noun from → oxidize.
Verbal noun of → oxidize.
Fr.: nombre d'oxydation
The total number of electrons that an atom either gains or loses in order to form a chemical bond with another atom. In other words, the charge that atom would have if the compound was composed of ions. The oxidation number of an atom is zero in a neutral substance that contains atoms of only one element. Same as → oxidation state.