An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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Number of Results: 705
resonate
  باز‌آواییدن   
bâzâvâyidan

Fr.: résonner   

To produce or exhibit mechanical, electrical, or chemical resonance, or cause a system to produce or exhibit resonance.

Verbal form of → resonance.

resorption
  بازشم   
bâzšam

Fr.: résorption   

The absorption of a material by a medium or system after having been released from absorption by that same medium or system. → absorption; → desorption; → sorption.

Verbal noun of resorb, from L. resorbere, from → re- + sorbere "to swallow, suck up."

Bâzšam, from bâz "again, back," → re-, + šam, variant of zšâm, as in âšâm, âšâmidan "to drink, to sip;" Av. šam- "to drink, sip, swallow;" Skt. cam, camati "to sip, dirink, lick up, absorb."

resource
  بازخن   
bâzxan

Fr.: ressource   

1) A source of supply, support, or aid, especially one that can be readily drawn upon when needed.
2) (often plural) A source of economic wealth, especially of a country (mineral, land, labour, etc.) or business enterprise (capital, equipment, personnel, etc.) (Dictionary.com).

From Fr. ressourse, from O.Fr. resourdre "to rally, raise again," from L. resurgere "rise again," → re-, + → source.

Bâzxan, from bâz-, → re-, + xan, → source.

respect
  ۱) سپاک؛ ۲) سپاکیدن   
1) sepâk; 2) sepâkidan

Fr.: 1) respect; 2) respecter   

1a) Esteem for or a sense of the worth or excellence of a person, a personal quality or ability, or something considered as a manifestation of a personal quality or ability.
1b) The condition of being esteemed or honored.
1c) A particular, detail, or point (usually preceded by in).
1d) Relation or reference (e.g., with respect to).
2a) To hold in esteem or honor.
2b) To show regard or consideration for (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from O.Fr., from L. respectus "regard, a looking at," literally "act of looking back (or often) at one," p.p. of respicere "to look back at, regard, consider," from → re- "back" + specere "to look at," cognate with Pers. sepâs "favor, thanksgiving," as below.

Sepâk, variant of sepâs "favor, kindness, thanksgiving;" cf. Sogd. spaxš, sp(a)š, speš, (ə)spaxš "to serve, to respect, to honor;" Mid.Pers. spâs "service, gratitude, thanks;" Av. spas-, spaš-, spôš- "to attend to; to serve;" Skt. spaś- "to observe, watch, spy;" Gk. skeptomai "I look around;" L. specere "to see;" PIE root *spek- "to look around, to notice."

respectable
  سپاکمند   
sepâkmand

Fr.: respectable   

Worthy of respect or esteem.

respect; → -able.

respectful
  سپاک‌آمیز، سپاکدار   
sepâkâmiz, sepâkdâr

Fr.: respectueux   

Characterized by, or showing deference or respect.

From → respect + -ful, from O.E. -full, ful, → full.

Sepâkâmiz, from sepâk, → respect, + âmiz "mingled with," from âmixtan, → mix.

respective
  سپاکوار   
sepâkvâr

Fr.: respectif   

Belonging or relating separately to each of two or more people or things that have been mentioned.

From M.E. respective "observing or noting with attention," from M.L. respectivus "having regard for," from L. respect-, → respect, + → -ive.

Sepâkvâr, from sepâk, → respect, + -vâr suffix of nuances and, as a variant of -bâr, meaning "turn (n.), a time."

respectively
  سپاکوارانه   
sepâkvârâné

Fr.: respectivement   

In precisely the sequential order given.

respective; → -ly.

respondence
  پاسخگویی   
pâsoxguyi (#)

Fr.:   

The act of responding; response.

respond; → -ence.

Pâsoxguyi, noun from pâsoxgu, → respondet.

respondent
  پاسخگو   
pâsoxgu (#)

Fr.: 1) qui répond; 2) défendeur   

1) A person who responds or makes reply.
2) Law: A defendant, especially in appellate and divorce proceedings (Dictionary.com).

Agent noun related to → respondence.

Pâsoxgu, from pâsox, → responce, + gu "speaker, teller," from goftan "to tell, speak, talk," → -logy.

responder
  پاسخگو   
pâsoxgu (#)

Fr.: répondeur   

The component of a radar system that returns the signals used to detect and locate objects.

Agent noun of respond, → response.

Pâsoxgu, from pâsox, → response, + gu agent noun and present stem of goftan "to say, speak, relate, tell; to compose a poem," from Mid.Pers. guftan "to say, tell, utter;" O.Pers. gaub- "to say."

response
  پاسخ   
pâsox (#)

Fr.: réponse   

Any → reaction of a → system to an external → stimulus. See also:
instrumental response function, → peripheral response, → response curve, → response time, → spectral response.

From L. responsum "answer," noun use of neuter p.p. of respondere "answer to, promise in return," from → re- "back" + spondere "to pledge."

Pâsox "answer, response;" Mid.Pers. pâssox "answer, reply;" loaned in Arm. patasxani "answer;" Proto-Iranian *pati-sanh-, from *pati- "agaist, back, opposite to, toward, face to face, in front of," → anti-, + *sanh- "to declare, say;" Mod.Pers. soxan "speech, utterance, word," → speech.

response curve
  خم ِ پاسخ   
xam-e pâsox

Fr.: courbe de réponse   

A curve graphically representing the magnitude of the → response of a → detector to → radiation, usually as a function of → wavelength.

response; → curve.

response time
  زمان ِ پاسخ   
zama-e pâsox

Fr.: temps de réponse   

The time between an occurrence and a reaction produced by the occurrence.

response; → time.

responsibility
  پاسخداری   
pâsoxdâri

Fr.: responsabilité   

1) The state or fact of being responsible, answerable, or accountable for something within one's power, control, or management.
2) An instance of being responsible.
3) A person or thing for which one is responsible (Dictionary.com).

responsible; → -ity.

responsible
  پاسخدار   
pâsoxdâr

Fr.: responsable   

1) Answerable or accountable, as for something within one's power, control, or management.
2) Involving accountability or responsibility (Dictionary.com).

response; → -able.

responsive
  پاسخنده   
pâsoxandé

Fr.: responsif, qui réagit bien   

1) Responding especially readily and sympathetically to appeals, efforts, influences, etc.
2) Physiology: Acting in response, as to some stimulus.
3) Characterized by the use of responses (Dictionary.com).

response; → -ive.

responsivity
  پاسخندگی   
pâsoxandegi

Fr.: responsivité   

A performance criterion for an electronic detector, the ratio of the detector's electrical output to its optical input.

responsive; → -ity.

rest
  آرَم   
âram

Fr.: au repos   

Cessation or absence of motion. → rest energy; → rest mass.

M.E.; O.E. ræste, reste "rest, bed, intermission of labor, mental peace," akin to O.H.G. rasta "league of miles," O.N. rost "league, distance after which one rests."

Âram, variant of ârâm "rest, quiet, tranquility;" Mid.Pers. râm "peace," râmenidan "to give peace, pleasure," râmišn "peace, pleasure;" Av. ram- "to stay, rest;" cf. Skt. ram- "to stop, stand still, rest, become appeased;" Gk. erema "quietly, gently;" Goth. rimis "rest;" Lith. rãmas "rest."

rest energy
  کاروژ ِ آرَم   
kâruž-e âram

Fr.: énergie au repos   

The energy which a particle has when it is at rest. According to Einstein's → mass-energy relation, it is equal to the → rest mass times the square of the → speed of light: E = mc2.

rest; → energy.

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