Fr.: rift; fissure, crevasse
1) General: a gap or break made by splitting, cleaving, etc.; fissure; cleft.
M.E., from a Scandinavian source; cf. Dan., Norw. rift "a cleft."
1) Câk "fissure, rupture, cleft, crack," related to caqidan "to drive a nail, strike together, fix a spike;" caxidan "to quarrel, strive;" diatectal Shughni cuγ, Roshani coγ "breaking, tearing, ripping up;" Malâyeri ceqidan "cracking of a cold porcelain bowl when receiving hot water;" Yazghulami cok-, coxt "to pound, to stamp;" Wakhi cuk-, cukt "to strike;" Ossetic cædyn "to shake, strike iron;" Lori cok "a mark fixed to separate two grounds;" Sogd. cax "to battel, fight;" Mid.Pers. (prefixed) pacên "copy" (see also Cheung 2007). Gosal-darré, from gosal, → fault, + darré, → valley.
Fr.: fossé d'effondrement, ~ tectonique
Rigel (β Ori)
The brightest star in the constellation → Orion (visual magnitude 0.18). A → blue supergiant of type B8 Iab with an initial mass of 17 solar masses, Rigel is 773 light-years away, and actually shines with the light of 40,000 Suns. It is accompanied by a fairly bright, seventh magnitude companion nine seconds of arc apart. The companion is itself double, the components much fainter and much less massive → main sequence stars of type B.
Rigel "foot," short for Ar. rijl al-jauza' (
Rejl, from Ar., as above.
Fr.: Rigil Kentaurus
Same as the star → Alpha Centauri.
From Ar. Rijl al-Qanturis "foot of Centaurus," from rijl "foot," + Qanturis Arabicized → Centaurus.
1) râst (#); 2) dorost; 3) râšan
1a) Straight, free from curves, angles, or irregularities.
→ right ascension.
M.E.; O.E. reht, riht; cf. O.H.G. reht, Ger. recht, O.N. rettr, Goth. raihts; P.Gmc. *rekhtaz, cognate with Pers. râst, as below.
1) Râst "right, true; just, upright, straight;"
Mid.Pers. râst "true, straight, direct;" Soghdian rəšt "right;"
O.Pers. rāsta- "straight, true," rās- "to be right, straight,
true;" Av. rāz- "to direct, put in line, set," razan- "order;"
Mid.Pers. rây-, râyênitan "to arrange;" Mod.Pers.
raj "line, row," variants raž, rak, râk, rezg (Lori),
radé, râdé "line, rule, row,"
rasté, râsté "row, a market with regular ranges of shops;"
ris, risé "straight;"
cf. Skt. raj- "to direct, stretch," rjuyant- "walking straight;"
Gk. orektos "stretched out;"
L. regere "to lead straight, guide, rule," p.p. rectus "right, straight;"
PIE base *reg- "move in a straight line," hence, "to direct, rule;"
Fr.: angle droit
An angle of 90°.
râst afrâz (#)
Fr.: ascension droite
A coordinate in the → equatorial system measured from the → vernal equinox eastward to the point where the object → hour circle intersects the → celestial equator. Right ascension (symbol α) is expressed in hours, minutes, and seconds. See also: → declination.
Râst, → right; afrâz present stem of afrâzidan, afrâštan "to raise, exalt, extole," from Mid.Pers. abrâstan, abrâz- "to lift, raise," from ab-, from O.Pers./Av. abiy-/aiwi- "to, upon, against;" cf. Skt. abhi-, Gk. amphi- + râst "straight, direct, true;" from O.Pers. rāsta- "straight, true," rās- "to be right, straight, true;" Av. rāz- "to direct, put in line, set," razan- "order;" cf. Skt. raj- "to direct, stretch," rjuyant- "walking straight;" Gk. orektos "stretched out;" L. regere "to lead straight, guide, rule," p.p. rectus "right, straight;" Ger. recht; E. right; PIE base *reg- "move in a straight line," hence, "to direct, rule."
sebar-e râst (#)
Fr.: triangle droit
A triangle one of whose angles is a → right angle.
razan-e dast-e râst
Fr.: règle de la main droite
See → Fleming's rules.
right-hand screw rule
razan-e pic-e rast-gard
Fr.: règle de la vis droite
A rule that gives the direction of the resultant vector in a → vector product: A x B = C. It is the direction of advance of a right-hand screw whose axis, held perpendicular to the plane of A and B, is rotated in the same sense that rotates the first-named vector (A) into the second-named vector B through the smaller angle.
râstâl, râstdast (#)
Using the right hand with greater skill or ease than the left.
From L. rigidus "hard, stiff, rough," from rigere "to be stiff;" related to L. frigus "cold," Gk. rhigos "frost, cold."
Saxtpây, from saxt, → hard, + pây present stem of pâyidan "to stand firm, to be constant, steady, fixed;" Mid.Pers. pâyitan, pâtan, pây- "to protect; wait, stand," Sogdian p'y "to protect, watch over;" O.Pers./Av. pâ(y)- "to protect, keep" pâtar- "protector, watcher," cf. Skt. pâ- "to protect, keep," pâti "protects;" Gk. poimen "shepherd," poma "lid, cover;" L. pastor "shepherd," panis "bread;" PIE base *pa- "to protect, guard, pasture, feed."
Fr.: corps rigide
Mechanics: A system of many particles whose positions relative to one another remain fixed.
Rigil Kentaurus (α Centauri)
Fr.: Alpha du Centaure
Another name of → Alpha Centauri.
Rigel, from Ar. rijl (
Pâ "foot, step" (from Mid.Pers. pâd, pây; Av. pad- "foot;" cf. Skt. pat; Gk. pos, genitive podos; L. pes, genitive pedis; P.Gmc. *fot; E. foot; Ger. Fuss; Fr. pied; PIE *pod-/*ped-); Kentâwros→ Centaurus.
M.E., from M.L. rigorosus, from rigor "stiffness, rigor," from rigere "to be stiff."
Farsaxt, from far- intensive prefix "much, abundant; elegantly" (Mid.Pers. fra- "forward, before; much; around;" O.Pers. fra- "forward, forth;" Av. frā, fərā-, fra- "forward, forth; excessive;" cf. Skt. prá- "before; forward, in fron;" Gk. pro "before, in front of;" L. pro "on behalf of, in place of, before, for;" PIE *pro-) + saxt "hard, strong, firm, secure, solid, vehement, intense" (Mid.Pers. saxt "hard, strong, severe;" Av. sak- "to understand or know a thing, to mark;" cf. Skt. śakta- "able, strong," śaknoti "he is strong," śiksati "he learns").
rigorous selection rule
razan-e gozineš-e farsaxt
Fr.: règle de sélection rigoureuse
A → selection rule obeyed by → discrete transitions. Among them are: rigorous selection rules for → electric dipole transitions (→ permitted) requiring: 1) ΔJ must be 0 or ± 1 with J = 0 ↔ 0 forbidden. 2) ΔMJ = 0, ± 1. 3) → Parity change, i.e. even ↔ odd.
A long, narrow, straight or sinuous trench or valley with steep walls and roughly parallel sides on the surface of the Moon.
From Ger. Rille "a small rivulet or brook."
Borrowed from E., as above.
The outer edge, border, margin, or brink of something, especially of a circular object.
M.E., from O.E. -rima (in compounds, as in særima "seashore"); cognate with O.Norse rimi "raised strip of land, ridge"
Labé "limb, edge," from lab "lip;" Mid.Pers. lap; cognate with L. labium, E. lip; Ger. Lefze.
A long fissure on the surface of a planet or Moon; plural form rimae.
From L. rima "fissure, slit."
Loan from E., as above.