An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



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Number of Results: 146
Unidentified Infrared Band (UIB)
  باند ِ فروسرخ ِ نا-ایدانیده   
bând-e forusorx-e nâ-idânidé

Fr.: bande infrarouge non identifiée   

A no longer in general use name for → Aromatic Infrared Band.

unidentified; → infrared; → band.

unidentified line
  خط ِ نا-ایدانیده   
xatt-e nâ-idânidé

Fr.: raie non identifiée   

A spectral line whose origin is not clearly established. → line identification.

unidentified; → line.


Fr.: unification   

1) The process of unifying or uniting; union.
2) The state or condition of being unified (

Verbal noun of → unify.

  یکدیس، یکنواخت   
yekdis, yeknavâxt

Fr.: uniforme   

Without variations; identical, always the same in quality, degree, character, or manner.

uni- + → form.

Yekdis, from yek, → uni-, + dis, → form; yeknavâxt, literally "with one rhythm," from yek, → one, + navâxt "rhythm," from navâxtan, navâzidan "to play an instrument; to gratify," navâ "music, song, melody" (Mid.Pers. nw'c "to treat kindly, honour," niwag "music, melody;" Proto-Iranian *ni-uac-, from ni- "down; into," → ni- (PIE), + *uac- "to speak, treat kindly").

uniform circular motion
  جنبش ِ دایره‌ای ِ یکدیس، ~ ~ یکنواخت   
jonbeš-e dâyereyi-ye yekdis, ~ ~ yeknavâxt

Fr.: mouvement circulaire uniforme   

The motion of an object around a fixed point at a constant angular speed, and at constant radius.

uniform; → circular; → motion.

uniform field
  میدان ِ یکدیس، ~ ِ یکنواخت   
meydân-e yekdis, ~ yeknavâxt

Fr.: champ uniforme   

A field that at a given instant has the same value at all points within a specified region of interest.

uniform; field.

uniform magnetic field
  میدان ِ مغناتیسی ِ یکدیس   
meydân-e meqnâtisi-ye yekdis

Fr.: champ magnétique uniforme   

A → magnetic field whose direction does not change and whose strength is constant at every point.

uniform; → magnetic; → field.

uniform motion
  جنبش ِ یکدیس، ~ ِ یکنواخت   
jonbeš-e yekdis, ~ yeknavâxt

Fr.: mouvement uniforme   

Motion at a constant → velocity. The state of rest is a special case of uniform motion. → accelerated motion; → inertial motion.

uniform; motion.

  یگانستن، یگانیدن   
yegânestan (#), yegânidan (#)

Fr.: unifier   

To make or become a single unit or entity. → grand unified theory

M.Fr. unifier, from L.L. unificare "to make one," from L. uni-, → one, + facere "to make" (cf. Fr. faire, Sp. hacer), from PIE base *dhe- "to put, to do" (cognate with Mod.Pers. dâdan "to give;" O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, yield," dadāiti "he gives; puts;" Skt. dadáti "puts, places;" Hitt. dai- "to place;" Gk. tithenai "to put, set, place;" Lith. deti "to put;" Czech diti, Pol. dziac', Rus. det' "to hide," delat' "to do;" O.H.G. tuon, Ger. tun, O.E. don "to do").

Yegânestan, yegânidan "to make one," infinitive from yek, → one.


Fr.: union   

General: The act of uniting two or more things.
A number of persons, organizations, states, etc., joined or associated together for some common purpose, e.g. → International Astronomical Union (IAU).
Math.: A set containing all the elements of two or more sets being combined. It is represented by ∪.

M.E. from O.Fr. union from L.L. unionem (nominative unio) "oneness, unity," from unus, → one, cognate with Pers. yek, as below.

Yekâyeš, from yek, → one, + -ây- epenthetic vowel, + -eš verbal noun suffix, → -tion.

yektâ (#)

Fr.: unique   

Existing as the only one or as the sole example.
Limited to a single outcome or result. → uniqueness theorem.

From Fr. unique, from L. unicus "single, sole," from unus, → one.

Yektâ "unique," from yek, → one, + "fold, plait, ply; piece, part" (Mid.Pers. tâg "piece, part").

yektâyi (#)

Fr.: unicité   

The state or condition of being → unique.

Noun from → unique.

uniqueness theorem
  فربین ِ یکتایی   
farbin-e yektâyi

Fr.: théorème d'unicité   

1) Physics: A → potential that satisfies both → Poisson's equation and the → boundary conditions pertinent to a particular field is the only possible potential.
2) Math.: If two → continuous functions φ(t) and ψ(t) have one and the same → Laplace transform F(p), then these functions are identically equal.
3) Astro.: A → black hole can only be characterized by its → mass, → electric charge, and → angular momentum. See also → no hair theorem.

uniqueness; → theorem.

  یکا، یکان   
yekâ (#), yekân (#)

Fr.: unité   

A quantity or dimension adopted as a standard of measurement.
Math.: The lowest positive natural number.
The first digit to the left of the decimal point in decimal notation, representing a whole number less than ten.
An element in a ring that has a multiplicative inverse.

Back formation from → unity.

Yekâ, yekân, from yek, → one.

unit vector
  بردار ِ یکا   
bordâr-e yekâ

Fr.: vecteur unité   

A vector of length 1, also called a direction vector.

unit; → vector.

  یکایی، یکانی   
yekâyi, yekâni

Fr.: unitaire   

Of or pertaining to a unit or units; having the indivisible character of a unit.
Math.: An operator U satisfying the relations: U+ U = 1, U U+ = 1, where U+ is the adjoint.

From → unit + -ary.

Yekâyi, yekâni, from yekâ, yekân, → unit.

unitary group
  گروه ِ یکایی، ~ یکانی   
goruh-e yekâyi, ~ yekâni

Fr.: groupe unitaire   

The set of n × n unitary matrices (→ unitary matrix).

unitary; → group.

unitary matrix
  ماتریس ِ یکایی، ~ یکانی   
mâtris-e yekâyi, ~ yekâni

Fr.: matrice unitaire   

A square matrix whose inverse equals its adjoint.

unitary; → matrix.

unitary transformation
  ترادیس ِ یکایی، ~ یکانی   
tarâdis-e yekâyi, ~ yekâni

Fr.: transformation unitaire   

A transformation whose reciprocal is equal to its Hermitian conjugate.

unitary; → transformation.

  آیکیدن، هم‌یکیدن   
âyekidan, ham-yekidan

Fr.: unir   

To join, combine, or incorporate so as to form a single whole or unit.

M.E. uniten, from L. unitus, p.p. of unire "to unite," from unus, → one.

Âyekidan, from â- nuance/strengthening prefix + yek, → one, + -idan infinitive suffix; ham-yekidan, from ham- "together," → syn-, + yekidan.

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