The Charioteer. A conspicuous northern constellation lying midway between → Perseus and → Ursa Major and in a region crossed by the → Milky Way. The brightest star is → Capella. Auriga is the site of the Galactic → anticenter. Abbreviation: Aur; genitive form: Aurigae.
L. auriga "a charioteer, driver," from aureæ "bridle of a horse" + agere "set in motion, drive, lead."
Arrâberân "charioteer," from arrâbé "chariot, cart"
+ rân "driver," from rândan "to drive."
Arrâbé probably from *arâba, from *râba,
from *râda, compare with Av. ratha- "chariot," akin to
Skt. rathah "car, chariot," L. rota "wheel,"
rotare "revolve, roll,"
Lith. ratas "wheel,"
O.H.G. rad, Ger. Rad, Du. rad,
O.Ir. roth; PIE *roto- "to run, to turn, to roll."
Capella (α Aurigae)
Bozbân (#), Ayyuq (#)
The sixth brightest star in the sky, Capella lies in the Northern Hemisphere → constellation → Auriga. A → spectroscopic binary, it consists of a pair of G5 and G0 → giants, themselves multiple systems. Capella lies 42 light-years away.
From L. capella "little she-goat," diminutive of caper "goat."
The Pers. name of Capella is Bozbân "goat keeper," as indicated by Biruni (A.D. 973-1048) in his Tafhim, from boz "goat" (Mid.Pers. buz, Av. buza-, Skt. bukka-, O.Ir. bocc, O.H.G. boc, Bret. bouc'h) + -bân prefix denoting "keeper." Ayyuq, from Ar.
Menkalinan (Beta Aurigae)
Mankeb-zel-enân, šâne-ye arâbe-rân
A multiple star of magnitude V = 1.90 which is situated in the → Auriga constellation at 81 → light-years away. Other main designations: HR 2088 and HD 40183. Although the third brightest star of the constellation, it bears "Beta" designation. Menkalinan is composed of two main components, which make up a → spectroscopic binary. The combined apparent magnitude varies over a period of 3.96 days between +1.89 and +1.94, as every 47.5 hours one of the stars partially eclipses the other. Both are metallic-lined → subgiant stars of spectral type A2 IV. Each is about 48 times more luminous than the Sun and has roughly the same mass and radius (2.6 times that of the Sun). There is a third component of magnitude 14.1, which is separated from the main pair by 13'', corresponding to a projected distance of 330 → astronomical units.
From Ar. Al Mankib dhi'l 'Inan