Capella (α Aurigae)
Bozbân (#), Ayyuq (#)
The sixth brightest star in the sky, Capella lies in the Northern Hemisphere → constellation → Auriga. A → spectroscopic binary, it consists of a pair of G5 and G0 → giants, themselves multiple systems. Capella lies 42 light-years away.
From L. capella "little she-goat," diminutive of caper "goat."
The Pers. name of Capella is Bozbân "goat keeper," as indicated by Biruni (A.D. 973-1048) in his Tafhim, from boz "goat" (Mid.Pers. buz, Av. buza-, Skt. bukka-, O.Ir. bocc, O.H.G. boc, Bret. bouc'h) + -bân prefix denoting "keeper." Ayyuq, from Ar.