Fr.: L2 Puppis
A → semiregular variable with a period of 141 days. It has a → spectral type of M5 III corresponding to an → effective temperature of ~ 3500 K. It has a radial velocity relative to the → Local Standard of Rest of 33.3 km s-1. At a distance of 64 → parsecs, L2 Pup is the second nearest → asymptotic giant branch (AGB) star next to R Doradus; it is ~ 30% closer than → Mira. Recent → near-infrared JHKL band observations by Kervella et al. (2014, 2015) show a compact dust disk around the central star, with an inner rim of 6 → astronomical units and an outer edge of 13 au, at an inclination of approximately 82°. The → circumstellar environment of L2 Pup was observed with → ALMA. The → molecular emission shows a → differentially rotating disk, inclined to a nearly edge-on position (Homan et al., 2017, A&A 601, A5 and references therein).
Naos (ζ Puppis)
A bright, blue star of V = 2.25 in the constellation → Puppis. It is a hot → supergiant of type O5, with a → surface temperature of 42,000 K, lying 1,400 → light-years away. Naos is one of the rarest → O-type stars visible to the → naked eye.
Naos, from Gk. naos "ship," since it used to be the Zeta star of Argo Navis (Jason's vessel Argos) before becoming Zeta in Puppis.
The Stern. One of the larger constellations of the southern hemisphere representing the stern of the ship Argo Navis, located at 7h 30m right ascension, 40° south declination. Its brightest star is → Naos. Abbreviation: Pup; genitive: Puppis.
From L. puppis "stern, poop, the rear, or aft part of a ship or boat."
Pasâl, from pas "behind" (e.g.: pas-e pardé
"behind the curtain"), variant pošt "back; the back;
behind" (Mid.Pers. pas "behind, before, after;"
O.Pers. pasā "after;" Av. pasca "behind (of space);
then, afterward (of time);" cf. Skt. paścā "behind,
after, later;" L. post, as above; O.C.S. po "behind,
after;" Lith. pas "at, by;" PIE *pos-, *posko-) +
-âl, → -al. → prow = farâl
Fr.: Puppis A
A → supernova remnant in the constellation → Puppis, and one of the brightest sources in the X-ray sky. The → supernova occurred about 4000 years ago at a distance of about 6,000 light-years. Also called SNR G260.4-03.4. Its X-ray designation is 2U 0821-42.