analogue computer râyângar-e ânâguyik Fr.: ordinateur analogique A computer in which data is stored and processed in the form of continually varying signals representing a physical quantity rather than in the form of individual numerical values. The simplest analogue computers are side rules, thermometers, voltmeters, and speedometers. |
compute hesâbidan (#) Fr.: calculer To determine by calculation, especially by numerical methods; to determine by using a computer or calculator. See also → calculate. From Fr. computer, from L. computare "to count, sum up," from → com- "with" + putare "to prune, clean, settle an account, think over, reflect;" PIE base *pau- "to cut, strike, stamp." Hesâbidan, from Ar. hesâb "reckoning, computation," + infinitive suffix -idan. |
computer râyângar (#) Fr.: ordinateur An electronic device which can accept data, apply a series of logical instructions rapidly, and supply the results of the processes as information. From → compute + suffix → -er. Râyângar "arranger, organizer," on the model of Fr. ordinateur according to which the electronic device arranges/organizes instructions and information. Râyângar, from râyân- stem of râyânidan "to regulate, set in order," from Mid.Pers. râyânīdan "to arrange, organize" + -gar agent suffix. Râyân-, from rây-, Mod.Pers. ârây-, ârâyeš, ârâyidan "to arrange, adorn," Mid.Pers. ârây-, ârâstan "to arrange, adorn;" O.Pers. rād- "to prepare," rās- "to be right, straight, true," rāsta- "straight, true" (Mod.Pers. râst "straight, true"); Av. rāz- "to direct, put in line, set," razan- "order;" Gk. oregein "to stretch out;" L. regere "to lead straight, guide, rule," p.p. rectus "right, straight;" Skt. rji- "to make straight or right, arrange, decorate;" PIE base *reg- "move in a straight line;" see also → direct. |
computerization râyângareš, râyângarâneš Fr.: The process or state of computerizing. → computerize. |
computerize râyângaridan, râyângarândan Fr.: To control, perform, process, or store by means of or in an electronic computer or computers. |
digital computer râyângar-e raqami (#) Fr.: ordinateur numérique A computer that accepts and operates with → discrete data in the form of combinations of digits, letters, or other characters. In modern terminology, generally called computer. |
quantum computer râyângar-e kuântomi Fr.: ordinateur quantique A type of computer, as yet hypothetical, that uses quantum mechanical laws, such as the → superposition principle and the → quantum entanglement, to perform calculations based on the behavior of particles at the → subatomic level. A quantum computer would gain enormous processing power through the ability to be in multiple states, and to perform tasks using all possible permutations simultaneously. |