An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

   Homepage   
   


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Number of Results: 11 Search : exist
exist
  هستومند بودن، هستن، بودن   
hastumand budan (#), hastan (#), budan (#)

Fr.: exister   

1) To have actual being or reality; to be.
2) To have life; to live.

M.E., from O.Fr. exister, ultimately from pr.p. of L. existere/exsistere "to stand forth, appear; to exist, be;" from → ex- + sistere "cause to stand," from PIE *sta-, cf. Pers. istâdan "to stand," → state.

Hastumand budan, from Mid.Pers. hastumand "existing, existent," from hast, ast 'is" (infinitive hastan, astan); O.Pers. astiy; Av. asti "is;" O.Pers./Av. root ah- "to be;" cf. Skt. as-; Gk. esti; L. est; PIE *es-, + euphonic -u-, + -mand possession suffix, → -ist, + budan "to be," to become;" Mid.Pers. butan "to be ,become," from O.Pers./Av. bav- "to be; become, take place," Av. buta- perf. ptcpl. pass., bavaiti "becomes," Skt. bhavati "becomes, happens," bhavah "becoming; condition, state," PIE *bheu- "to be, come into being, become;" cf. Gk. phu- "become," phuein "to bring forth, make grow," L. fui "I was" (perf. tense of esse), futurus "that is to be, future," Ger. present first and second person sing. bin, bist, E. to be, O.Ir. bi'u "I am," Lith. bu'ti "to be," Rus. byt' "to be."

existence
  هستومندی، هستی   
hastumandi (#), hasti (#)

Fr.: existence   

Math.: The fact that at least one → solution exists for a given → problem.

exist; → -ence.

existence problem
  پراسه‌ی ِ هستومندی، ~ هستی   
parâse-ye hustumandi, ~ hasti

Fr.: problème d'existence   

Math: The question of whether a → solution to a given → problem exists.

existence; → problem.

existence proof
  آوین ِ هستومندی، ~ هستی   
âvin-e hastumandi, ~ hasti

Fr.: preuve d'existence   

Math.: An → argument that establishes an → existence theorem.

existence; → proof.

existence theorem
  فربین ِ هستومندی، ~ هستی   
farbin-e hastumandi, ~ hasti

Fr.: théorème d'existence   

Math: A theorem that asserts the existence of at least one object, such as the → solution to a → problem or → equation.

existence; → theorem.

existent
  هستومند   
hastumand (#)

Fr.: existant   

Existing; having existence.

exist.

existential
  هستیال   
hastiyâl

Fr.: existentiel   

1) Of or relating to → existence, especially  human existence.
2) Philo.:  Pertaining to what exists, and is thus known by experience rather  than reason; empirical as opposed to theoretical.
3) Logic: Denoting or relating to a → formula or → proposition asserting the existence of at least one object fulfilling a given condition; containing an → existential quantifier.
4) Of or relating to → existentialism (Dictionary.com).

From L.L. existentialis, → existence, → -al.

Hastiyâl, from hasti, → existence, + -al a suffix of attributes forming adjectives that often become nouns, in this case preferred to -i because hasti ends in -i, → -al.

existential quantifier
  چندیگر ِ هستیال   
candigar-e hastiyâl

Fr.: quantificateur existentiel   

A symbol of → predicate logic which expresses that the statements within its scope are → true for at least one instance of something. The symbol ∃ is used as the existential quantifier. Existential quantifiers are normally used in logic in → conjunction with → predicate symbols, which say something about a → variable or → constant, in this case the variable being quantified (→ quantify, → quantification).

existential; → quantifier.

existentialism
  هستیال‌باوری، هستیال‌گرایی   
hastiyâl-bâvari, hastiyâl-gerâyi

Fr.: existentialisme   

A philosophical attitude associated especially with Heidegger, Jaspers, Marcel, and  Sartre, and opposed to → rationalism and  → empiricism, that stresses the individual's  unique position as a self-determining agent responsible for the authenticity of his or  her choices (Dictionary.com).

existential; → -ism.

existentialist
  هستیال‌باور، هستیال‌گرا   
hastiyâl-bâvar, hastiyâl-gerâ

Fr.: existentialiste   

An advocate of → existentialism.

existential; → -ist.

nonexistence
  ناهستی، نهستی   
nâhasti, nahasti

Fr.: non existence   

Math.: The fact that no → solution exists for a given → problem. In mathematics, nonexistence usually is a matter of impossibility.

non-; → existence.