# An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and AstrophysicsEnglish-French-Persian

## فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

### M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 9 Search : geometry
 affine geometry   هندسه‌ی ِ کروَن   hendese-ye karvanFr.: géométrie affine   The study of the properties which are → invariant under → affine transformations.→ affine; → geometry. analytic geometry   هندسه‌ی ِ آنالسی   hendese-ye ânâlasiFr.: géométrie analytique   The study of the geometry of figures by algebraic representation and manipulation of equations describing their positions, configurations, and separations.→ analytic; → geometry. differential geometry   هندسه‌ی ِ دگرسانه‌ای   hendese-ye degarsâneyiFr.: géométrie différentielle   The study of curved spaces using differential calculus.→ differential; → geometry. Euclidean geometry   هندسه‌ی ِ اقلیدوسی   hendese-ye Oqlidosi (#)Fr.: géométrie euclidienne   The geometry based on the postulates or descriptions of Euclid. One of the critical assumptions of the Euclidean geometry is given in his fifth postulate: through a point not on a line, one and only one line be drawn parallel to the given line. See also → non-Euclidean geometry.→ Euclidean; → geometry. geometry   هندسه   hendesé (#)Fr.: géométrie   The branch of mathematics that deals with the nature of space and the size, shape, and other properties of figures as well as the transformations that preserve these properties.From O.Fr. géométrie, from L. geometria, from Gk. geometria "measurement of earth or land," from → geo- + -metria, from metrein "to measure," → -metry.Hendesé, Mid.Pers. handâxtan "to measure," Manichean Mid.Pers. hnds- "to measure," Proto-Iranian ham-, → com-, + *das- "to heap, amass;" cf. Ossetic dasun/dast "to heap up;" Arm. loanword dasel "to arrange (a crowd, people)," das "order, arrangement," non-Euclidean geometry   هندسه‌ی ِ نا-اقلیدوسی   hendese-ye nâ-oqlidosi (#)Fr.: géométrie non-euclidienne   Any of several geometries which do not follow the postulates and results of Euclidean geometry. For example, in a non-Euclidean geometry through a point several lines can be drawn parallel to another line. Or, the sum of the interior angles of a triangle differs from 180 degrees. According to Einstein's general relativity theory, gravity distorts space into a non-Euclidean geometry. Riemann's geometry   هندسه‌ی ِ ریمان   hendese-ye RiemannFr.: géométrie de Riemann   Same as → Riemannian geometry.→ Riemannian; → geometry. Riemannian geometry   هندسه‌ی ِ ریمانی   hendese-ye RiemanniFr.: géométrie riemannienne   A → non-Euclidean geometry in which there are no → parallel lines, and the sum of the → angles of a → triangle is always greater than 180°. Riemannian figures can be thought of as figures constructed on a curved surface. The geometry is called elliptic because the section formed by a plane that cuts the curved surface is an ellipse.→ Riemannian; → geometry. spherical geometry   هندسه‌ی ِ کُره‌ای   hendese-ye kore-yiFr.: géométrie sphérique   The branch of geometry that deals with figures on the surface of a sphere (such as the spherical triangle and spherical polygon). It is an example of a non-Euclidean geometry.→ spherical; → geometry.