An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

   Homepage   
   


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Number of Results: 11 Search : lensing
CMB lensing
  لنزش ِ CMB   
lenzeš-e CMB

Fr.: effet de lentille du rayonnement du fond cosmique, ~ ~ du CMB   

The gravitational effect of the intervening large-scale potentials on the → cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR). This effect smoothes out the temperature peaks and alters the statistics of the CMB.

CMB; → lensing.

gravitational lensing
  لنزش ِ گرانشی   
lenzeš-e gerâneši

Fr.: effet de lentille gravitationelle   

The act of producing or the state of a → gravitational lens.

gravitational; → lensing.

lensing
  ۱) لنزش؛ ۲) لنزنده   
1) (n.) lenzeš; 2) (adj.) lenzandé

Fr.: 1) effet de lentille; 2) amplificateur   

1) The act or effect produced by a lens, in particular a → gravitational lens.
2) Pertaining to the object that produces the lensing effect. → lensing galaxy.

From → lens + → -ing.

1) Lenzeš, verbal noun of lenzidan, verb formed from E. lens + -idan infinitive suffix.
2) Lenzandé, verbal adj. from lenzidan, as above.

lensing effect
  ا ُسکر ِ لنزش   
oskar-e lenzeš

Fr.: effet de lentille   

Effect created by a → gravitational lens.

lensing; → effect.

lensing galaxy
  کهکشان ِ لنزنده   
kahkeâân-e lenzandé

Fr.: galaxie amplificatrice   

A galaxy that acts as a → gravitational lens. The effect can also be due to a cluster of galaxies.

lensing; → galaxy.

lensing object
  بر‌آخت ِ لنزنده   
barâxt-e lenzandé

Fr.: objet amplificateur   

An astronomical object that creates → gravitational lensing. See also → lensing galaxy.

lensing; → object.

microlensing
  ریز‌لنزش   
riz-lenzeš

Fr.: effet de microlentille   

A type of → gravitational lens, where the foreground → lensing object is of low mass. Microlensing is used in the search for → dark matter inthe → Milky Way galaxy and its nearest neighbours, as well as for → extrasolar planets.

micro-; → lensing.

microlensing degeneracy
  واگنی ِ ریز‌لنزش   
vâgeni-ye riz-lenzeš

Fr.: dégénérescence des paramètres de l'effet de microlentille   

Determining the three various parameters of a microlensing event (the lens-source relative parallax and proper motion, and the mass of the lens) from only one physical parameter (the event time scale). Currently the microlensing degeneracy affects the vast majority of events and makes any individual event impossible to interpret with certainty.

microlensing; → degeneracy.

strong gravitational lensing
  لنزش ِ گرانشی ِ سترگ   
lenzeš-e gerâneši-ye sotorg

Fr.: effet de lentille gravitationnelle forte   

A → gravitational lensing phenomenon in which the image distortion is strong enough to be readily recognized, such as in the case of the → Einstein cross or when giant luminous arcs show up in → galaxy clusters (e.g. Abell 2218). Opposite to → weak gravitational lensing.

strong; → gravitational; → lensing.

strong lensing
  لنزش ِ سترگ   
lenzeš-e sotorg

Fr.: effet de lentille fort   

A situation where the mass concentration in the central regions of → galaxy clusters exceeds the → critical density required for lensing, resulting in multiple images of background objects.

strong; → lensing.

weak gravitational lensing
  لنزش ِ گرانشی ِ نزار   
lenzeš-e gerâneši-ye nezâr

Fr.: effet de lentille gravitationnelle faible   

A gravitational bending of light by structures in the Universe that distorts the images of distant galaxies. The distortion allows the distribution of → dark matter and its evolution with time to be measured, thereby probing the influence of → dark energy on the growth of structures. Weak gravitational lensing is generally difficult to identify in individual images, in contrast to → strong gravitational lensing (see, e.g., Bartelmann & Peter Schneider, 2001, Phys. Rept. 340, 291).

weak; → gravitational; → lensing.