Fr.: amortissement apériodique
A system in which the → damping is great enough to prevent oscillation.
Fr.: période de rodage
A period during which a newly constructed observing instrument is used for test.
domdâr-e derâz dowré
Fr.: comète à longue période
vartande-ye derâz dowré
Fr.: variable à longue période
Fr.: période naturelle
Of a body or system, the period of → free oscillation.
dowre-ye medâri (#)
Fr.: période orbitale
The time interval between two successive passages of an object through the same point in its orbit around another object.
Physics: The duration of one complete cycle of an oscillation;
the reciprocal of the frequency.
From M.E. periode, from M.Fr., from M.L. periodus "recurring portion, cycle," from L. periodus "a complete sentence," from Gk. periodos "rounded sentence, cycle, circuit, period of time," literally "going around," from → peri- "around" + hodos "way, journey;" cognate with L. cedere "to go, yield."
Dowré, from dowr, from Ar. daur "age, time; revolution."
Fr.: dérivée de la période
The rate at which the rotation period of a → pulsar changes over time. This quantity, dP/dT, can range from as small as 0.05 picoseconds per year (1.5 x 10-21 seconds per second) to as large as about 10 milliseconds per year (4.2 x 10-10 seconds per second). For the → Crab pulsar, the period derivative is 4.2 x 10-13 s s-1, implying a decrease in the star's → rotation energy of about 4.5 x 1038 erg s-1. Period derivative is a very important parameter for the determination of the pulsar age.
Fr.: relation période-luminosité
A correlation between the periods and luminosities of → Cepheid variable stars. Once the period of a Cepheid variable is determined from observations, the period-luminosity relation can be used to derive its luminosity. Since luminosity is a function of distance, the distance can then be calculated with the luminosity. The period-luminosity relation is an invaluable tool for the measurements of distances out to the nearest galaxies and thus for studying the structure of our own Galaxy and of the Universe. The relation was discovered by Henrietta Leavitt in 1912 when studying Cepheids in the → Small Magellanic Cloud.
period-mean density relation
bâzâneš-e dowré-cagâli-ye miyângin
Fr.: relation période-densité moyenne
A relation that gives a rough estimate of the oscillation period of a → pulsating star as a function of its mean density. This relation is obtained by considering how long it would take a sound wave to travel across the diameter of a model star: Π ≅ (3π/2γGρ)1/2, where ρ is the mean density, γ the ratio of → specific heats (Cp/Cv), and G the → gravitational constant. This relation shows that the pulsation period of a star is inversely proportional to the square root of its mean density. And this is the reason why the pulsation periods decrease along the → instability strip from the luminous, very tenuous → supergiants to the faint, very dense → white dwarfs.
Recurring at regular intervals of time.
Adjective of → period.
Fr.: comète périodique
A comet with a period of less than 200 years. Also called short-period comet.
Fr.: fonction périodique
A function f(x) if for all x, f(x + P) = f(x), where P is a positive constant. The least value of P > 0 is called the period of f(x).
Fr.: mouvement périodique
Any motion that recurs in identical forms at equal intervals of time.
Fr.: système périodique
jadval-e dowreyi (#)
Fr.: tableau périodique
An arrangement of the → chemical elements
in order of their → atomic numbers in such a way
as to demonstrate periodic similarities and trends in physical and chemical properties.
Elements with similar properties are arranged in the same column
(called a group), and elements with the same number of
→ valence electrons, or number of electrons in the outer shell,
are arranged in the same row (called a period).
Under the latest recommendations from IUPAC (the International Union of Pure
and Applied Chemistry), the groups are labelled 1 to 18 from left
to right (1988, Pure and Applied Chemistry 60, 431).
Also called Mendeleev's table.
Fr.: terme périodique
In perturbation theory used in celestial mechanics, a term that indicates a bounded disturbance which recurs regularly. → secular term.
Fr.: onde périodique
An oscillatory motion in which each point is repeatedly displaced at equal time intervals.
A state or condition characterized by regular repetition in time or space.
Fr.: période de précession
The interval with which a rotating body precesses. The precession period of the Earth is 25,770 years. For a → spinning top it is given by: Tp = (4π2I)/(mgrTs), where I is the → moment of inertia, m the mass of the top, g gravity, r the distance between the center of mass and the contact point, and Ts is the spinning period of the top.