jadval-e dowreyi (#)
Fr.: tableau périodique
An arrangement of the → chemical elements
in order of their → atomic numbers in such a way
as to demonstrate periodic similarities and trends in physical and chemical properties.
Elements with similar properties are arranged in the same column
(called a group), and elements with the same number of
→ valence electrons, or number of electrons in the outer shell,
are arranged in the same row (called a period).
Under the latest recommendations from IUPAC (the International Union of Pure
and Applied Chemistry), the groups are labelled 1 to 18 from left
to right (1988, Pure and Applied Chemistry 60, 431).
Also called Mendeleev's table.