potentially hazardous asteroid (PHA)
seyyârak-e tavandâné âpenâk
Fr.: astéroïde potentiellement dangereux
An asteroid that could make a threatening close approach to the Earth. In technical terms a PHA is defined as having an → absolute magnitude of 22 or brighter and an → Earth Minimum Orbit Intersection Distance (MOID) of less than 0.05 → astronomical unit or 7.5 million km.