An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 8 Search : radial
non-radial pulsation
  تپش ِ ناشعاعی   
tapeš-e nâšo'âyi

Fr.: pulsation non-radiale   

A type of stellar pulsation in which waves run in different directions on and beneath the surface of a star.

non-; → radial; → pulsation.

radial
  شعاعی   
šo'â'i (#)

Fr.: radial   

Emanating from a common central point; arranged like the radii of a circle.

From L. radialis, from → radius; → -al.

radial migration
  کوچ ِ شعاعی   
kuc-e šo'â'i

Fr.: migration radiale   

The process whereby a → disk star changes its → galactocentric distance. Radial migration involves → angular momentum transfer, resulting from → resonances created by transient → density waves such as → bars or → spiral arms in → galactic disks. According to → galactic dynamics models, → churning is the main cause of radial migration. Radial migration of stars plays an important role in shaping the properties of galactic disks.

radial; → migration.

radial motion
  جنبش ِ شعاعی   
jonbeš-e šo'â'i

Fr.: mouvement radial   

A motion away from or toward a central point or axis.

radial; → motion.

radial spoke
  پره‌ی ِ شعاعی   
parre-ye šoâyi

Fr.: spoke radial   

Any of short-lived (generally lasting less than 24 hours) radial features that periodically appear over the outer half of → Saturn's → B ring, when the ring tilt angle is small. These features revolve at the same rate as the planet's → magnetic field and maintain their shape over much of the course of their existence even though they extend tens of thousands of kilometers across the rings. It is believed that the tiny particles that make up these spokes are electrically charged and temporarily "frozen" into the planet's magnetic field (Ellis et al., 2007, Planetary Ring Systems, Springer).

radial; → spoke.

radial velocity
  تندای ِ شعاعی   
tondâ-ye šo'â'i

Fr.: vitesse radiale   

The component of a three-dimensional velocity vector of an object directed along the line of sight. It is measured by examining the Doppler shift of lines in the spectrum of astronomical objects.

radial; → velocity.

radial velocity curve
  خم ِ تندای ِ شعاعی   
xam-e tondâ-ye šo'â'i

Fr.: courbe de vitesse radiale   

A curve describing the variation of the radial velocity of a star, due to the Doppler effect, under the gravitational effect of a secondary body (companion or exoplanet). The amplitude of these variations depends upon the mass of the secondary and its distance from the star.

radial velocity; → curve.

radial velocity method
  روش ِ تندای ِ شعاعی   
raveš-e tondâ-ye šo'â'i

Fr.: méthode de vitesses radiales   

The technique based on the analysis of the → radial velocity curve, used to detect the presence of an invisible secondary around a host star. This method holds the majority of exoplanet discoveries.

radial velocity; → method.