An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



Number of Results: 20 Search : relativistic
general relativistic
  بازانیگی‌مند ِ هروین   
bâzânigimand-e harvin

Fr.: de relativité générale   

Of, relating to, or subject to the theory of → general relativity.

general; → relativistic.


Fr.: non-relativiste   

Not concerned with or based on the → theory of relativity. See also:
non-relativistic electron, → non-relativistic mechanics, → relativistic.

non-; → relativistic.

non-relativistic electron
  الکترون ِ ناباز‌آنیگی‌مند   
elektron-e nâ-bâzânigi-mand

Fr.: électron non-relativiste   

An electron that does not experience relativistic effects since its velocity is very small compared to that of light.

non-relativistic; → electron.

non-relativistic mechanics
  مکانیک ِ ناباز‌آنیگی‌مند   
mekânik-e nâ-bâzânigi-mand

Fr.: mécanique non-relativiste   

Mechanics in which the masses under consideration move at speeds much slower than the speed of light.

non-relativistic; → mechanics.

principle of relativistic causality
  پروز ِ بنارمندی ِ باز‌آنیگی‌مند   
parvaz-e bonârmandi-ye bâzânigi-mand

Fr.: principe de la causalité relativiste   

One consequence of the theory of → special relativity, according to which no two events separated by a distance greater than their separation in time multiplied by the → speed of light may have a → causal influence on each other. Violation of this principle leads to → paradoxes, such as that of an → effect preceding its → cause.

principle; → relativistic; → causality.

  بازانیگی‌مند، بازانیگی‌ور   
bâzânigimand, bâzânivar

Fr.: relativiste   

1) Physics: Relating to the → relativity theory.
2) Philosophy: Involving or characterized by → relativism.
See also:
non-relativistic, → relativistic aberration, → relativistic Doppler effect, → relativistic mass, → relativistic particle, → relativistic precession, → relativistic quantum mechanics, → relativistic redshift, → relativistic speed, → relativistic spin precession, → relativistic velocity, → ultrarelativistic, → ultrarelativistic gas.

From → relativist + → -ic.

relativistic aberration
  بیراهش ِ بازانیگی‌مند   
birâheš-e bâzânigimand

Fr.: aberration relativiste   

The aberration of light for an object moving with → relativistic speed. In contrast to the classical case, the → Lorentz transformation between the → rest frame of the observer and that of the object must be used. Relativistic aberration is expressed by the equation: cos φ' = (cos φ - )/(1 - cos φ.v/c), where φ is the classical → aberration angle, v the speed of the Earth, and c the → speed of light. It can also be expressed as: tan φ' = -(c/v)(1 - v2/c)1/2.

relativistic; → aberration.

relativistic Doppler effect
  اُسکر ِ دوپلر ِ بازانیگی‌مند   
oskar-e Doppler-e bâzânigimand

Fr.: effet Doppler relativiste   

The Doppler effect when the relative motion of the source and the observer is comparable to the speed of light. In that case the classical Doppler formula should be corrected for effects of the special theory of relativity (Lorentz transformation).

relativistic; → Doppler effect.

relativistic mass
  جرم ِ بازانیگی‌مند   
jerm-e bâzânigimand

Fr.: masse relativiste   

In → special relativity, the mass that is assigned to a body in motion. Einstein demonstrated that the velocity of the observer has an effect on the way inertial mass is measured. The relativistic mass is expressed by mt = m0 / [1 - (v/c)2]1/2, where m0 is the → rest mass, v is the velocity, and c the → velocity of light. The experimental evidence for this phenomenon is observed in the mass of high-speed electrons accelerated by magnetic fields. This formula shows that it is impossible for a mass to be accelerated to the velocity of light in a vacuum.

relativistic; → mass.

relativistic particle
  ذرّه‌ی ِ بازانیگی‌مند   
zarre-ye bâzânigimand

Fr.: particule relativiste   

A particle which has a speed comparable to the velocity of light.

relativistic; → particle.

relativistic precession
  پیشایان ِ بازانیگی‌مند   
pišâyân-e bâzânigimand

Fr.: précession relativiste   

A → general relativistic phenomenon in which the line joining the → apsides of an orbit gradually rotates in a → prograde direction. Also called the → orbital precession and → perihelion precession. Although the general relativistic precession of Mercury's orbit is extremely small, the similar precession observed in the orbit of the → binary pulsar PSR B1913+16 amounts to 4.23 degrees per year, i.e. 36,000 times greater than the → advance of perihelion of Mercury.

relativistic; → precession.

relativistic quantum mechanics
  کو‌آنتوم مکانیک ِ بازانیگی‌مند   
kuântom mekânik-e bâzânigimand

Fr.: mécanique quantique relativiste   

A quantum theory that incorporates special relativity, for example, → quantum electrodynamics.

relativistic; → quantum mechanics.

relativistic redshift
  سرخ‌کیب ِ بازانیگی‌مند   
sorx kib-e bâzânigimand

Fr.: décalage vers le rouge relativiste   

A redshift caused by the → relativistic Doppler effect. → gravitational redshift.

relativistic; → redshift.

relativistic speed
  تندی ِ بازانیگی‌مند   
tondi-ye bâzânigimand

Fr.: vitesse relativiste   

Same as → relativistic velocity.

relativistic; → speed.

relativistic spin precession
  پیشایان ِ آسه‌ی ِ چرخش ِ بازانیگی‌مند   
pišâyân-e âse-ye carxeš-e bâzânigi-mand

Fr.: précession de l'axe de rotation relativiste   

The change in the direction of the → rotation axis of a → pulsar in a → binary pulsar. In such a system, → geodetic precession leads to a relativistic → spin-orbit coupling, analogous of → spin-orbit coupling in atomic physics. In consequence, the pulsar spin precesses about the total → angular momentum, changing the relative → orientation of the pulsar toward Earth (Damour & Ruffini, 1974). As a result, the angle between the pulsar → rotation axis and our → line of sight changes with time, so that different portions of the emission beam can be observed leading to changes in the measured pulse profile. In extreme cases, the precession may even move the beam out of our line of sight and the pulsar may disappear as predicted for PSR 1913+16 for the year 2025.

relativistic; → spin; → precession.

relativistic velocity
  تندای ِ بازانیگی‌مند   
tondâ-ye bâzânigimand

Fr.: vitesse relativiste   

The velocity of a body when it is a significant fraction of the → speed of light.

relativistic; → velocity.

special relativistic
  بازانیگی‌مند ِ ویژه   
bâzânigimand-e vižé

Fr.: de relativité restreinte   

Of, relating to, or subject to the theory of → special relativity.

special; → relativistic.


Fr.: subrelativiste   

Describing a system or situation for which the → Lorentz factor, γ, is much smaller than 1. See also → ultrarelativistic.

ultra- + → relativistic


Fr.: ultrarelativiste   

Describing a system or situation for which the → Lorentz factor, γ, is much larger than 1. See also → subrelativistic.

ultra- + → relativistic

ultrarelativistic gas
  گاز ِ اولتر-بازانیگی‌مند   
gâz-e ultar-bazânigimand

Fr.: gaz ultrarelativiste   

A gas composed of ultrarelativistic particles.

ultrarelativistic; → gas.