Landé factor karvand-e Landé Fr.: facteur de Landé The constant of proportionality relating the separations of lines of successive pairs of adjacent components of the levels of a spectral multiplet to the larger of the two J-values for the respective pairs. The interval between two successive components J and J + 1 is proportional to J + 1. After Alfred Landé (1888-1976), a German-American physicist, known for his contributions to quantum theory; → facteur. |
liquefaction âveš Fr.: liquéfaction 1) The act or process of liquefying or making liquid. |
Lorentz factor karvand-e Lorentz Fr.: facteur de Lorentz In → special relativity, an important parameter which appears in several equations, including → time dilation, → length contraction, and → relativistic mass. It is defined as γ = 1 / [1 - (v/c)^{2}]^{1/2} = dt/dτ, where v is the velocity as observed in the reference frame where time t is measured, τ is the proper time, and c the → velocity of light. Same as Lorentz γ factor. |
rarefaction âlareš Fr.: raréfaction The state of being rarefied, less dense. M.E. rarefien, from M.Fr. rarefier, from L. rarefacere "make rare," from rarus "loose, wide apart, thin, infrequent." Verbal noun from âlar present stem of âlaridan→ rarefy + -š, a suffix. |
rarefaction wave mowj-e âlareš Fr.: onde de raréfaction A pressure wave in a fluid generated by rarefaction. It travels in the opposite direction to that of a shock wave in the medium. → rarefaction; → wave. |
reflection factor karvand-e bâztâb Fr.: facteur de réflexion The ratio of total flux that is reflected from a surface to the incident flux. Also called reflectance, reflectivity. → reflection; → factor. |
scale factor karvand-e marpel Fr.: facteur d'échelle Math.:
A number which scales, or multiplies, some quantity. In the equation
y = Cx, C is the scale factor for x. C is also the
coefficient of x, and may be called the constant of proportionality of
y to x. |
scientific fact bâšâ-ye dâneši, ~ dânešik Fr.: fait scientifique An agreement by competent observers of a series of observations of the same phenomena. From time to time scientific facts are revised by additional data (G. Smooth, Lawrence Berkeley Lab website). → scientific; → fact. |
Stokes friction factor karvand-e mâleš-e Stokes Fr.: facteur de friction de Stokes For the translational motion of a spherical body moving in a → viscous fluid, the proportionality factor between the uniform flow velocity far from the sphere and the drag force, provided no-slip boundary condition and small → Reynolds numbers: f = 6πηR, where η is the Reynolds number and R radius of the sphere. |