An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 192 Search : tin
dating
  سن‌یابی   
senn yâbi (#)

Fr.: datation   

Use of appropriate techniques to estimate the age of geological specimens or astronomical objects such as meteorites.

Verbal noun of date, from O.Fr. date, from M.L. → data.

Sen yâbi, from Ar. sen "age" + yâbi verbal noun of yâftan, yâbidan "to find, discover; to obtain, acquire," Mid.Pers. ayâftan, ayâpênitan "to reach, attain," Manichean Mid.Pers. 'y'b "to attain," Parthian, Sogdian (+ *pati-) pty'b "to reach, obtain," Av. ap- "to reach, overtake," apayeiti "achieved, reached," Skt. âp- "to reach, gain," âpnoti "reaches, gains," Gk. hapto, haptomai "to touch, cling to, adhere to," L. apiscor "touch, reach;" PIE base *ap- "to take, reach."

de-orbiting
  وامدارش   
vâmadâreš

Fr.: désorbitage   

Of a spacecraft, the act or process of departing from an operational orbit. → de-orbit.

Noun form of → de-orbit.

differentially rotating system
  راژمان ِ دگرسانه چرخان   
râžmân-e degarsâné carxân

Fr.: système en rotation différentielle   

A system characterized by → differential rotation. In such a system the → angular velocity decreases as the distance from the rotation center increases.

differential; → rotating; → system.

diffraction grating
  توری ِ پراش   
turi-ye parâš (#)

Fr.: réseau de diffraction   

An optical device containing thousands of very fine parallel grooves which produce interference patterns in a way which separates out all the components of the light into a spectrum.

diffraction; → grating.

discontinuity
  ناپیوستگی   
nâpeyvastegi (#)

Fr.: discontinuité   

A break in sequence or continuity of anything. → Balmer discontinuity
Math.: A point at which a function is not continuous.
Geology: A surface separating rock layers of differing properties or compositions.

M.L. discontinuitas, from discontinuus, from → dis- + continuus, → continuous.

Nâpeyvastegi, noun from nâpeyvasté "discontinuous," from nâ- "non, un-," → a-, + peyvasté, → continuous.

distinct
  بژنا   
bažnâ

Fr.: distinct, différent   

1) Readily distinguishable from all others.
2) Clearly defined; unquestionable (TheFreeDictionary.com).

Past-participle adjective from obsolete distincten "to distinguish one thing from another; make distinct," from O.Fr. distincter, from L. distinctus, p.p. of distinguere "to separate between, mark off."

Bažnâ, literally "high," from Kurd. bažn "height, stature," variants baž, baš "height," bašn, → stature, faš, baš "a horse's mane."

distinction
  بژنایش   
bažnâyeš

Fr.: distinction   

1) The act or an instance of distinguishing or differentiating.
2) A distinguishing feature.
3) The state of being different or distinguishable.
4) Special honor, recognition, or fame (The FreeDictionary.com).

distinct; → -tion.

distinctive
  بژناینده   
bažnâyande

Fr.: distinctif   

Serving to identify; distinguishing or characteristic.

distinct; → -ive.

distinctly
  بژنانه   
bažnâne

Fr.: distinctement, clairement   

In a clear and noticeable way; clearly.

distinct; → -ly.

distinctness
  بژنایی   
bažnâyi

Fr.: distinction, différence   

The state or quality of being distinct.

distinct; → -ness.

distinguish
  بژناییدن   
bažnâyidan

Fr.: distinguer   

1) To perceive as being different or distinct.
2) To demonstrate or describe as being different or distinct.

ME. distingwen, from O.Fr. distinguer, from L. distinguere "to separate between, divide, mark off," perhaps literally "separate by pricking," from assimilated form of → dis- "apart" + -stinguere "to prick."

Bažnâyidan, verb from bažnâ, → distinct.

distinguished
  بژناییده، بژناسته   
bažnâyide, bažnâste

Fr.: distingué   

1) Characterized by excellence or distinction; eminent.
2) Dignified in conduct or appearance (TheFreeDictionary.com).

Past participle of → distinguish.

doubly refracting crystal
  بلور ِ شکست ِ دوتایی   
bolur-e šakst-e dotâyi

Fr.: cristal à double réfraction   

A → transparent → crystalline substance (such as calcite, quartz, and tourmaline) that is → anisotropic relative to the → speed of light. A ray incident normally on such crystals is broken up into two rays in traversing the crystal, → ordinary ray and → extraordinary ray.

doubly; → refracting; → crystal.

echelle grating
  توری ِ نرده‌ای   
turi-ye narde-yi (#)

Fr.: réseau à échelle   

A diffraction grating in which the groves are relatively widely spaced and serves to provide high resolution and dispersion.

Echelle, from Fr. échelle "ladder," , from O.Fr. eschele, from L. scala "ladder;" → grating.

Turi, → grating; nardé, contraction of nardebân "ladder; échelle."

elevating floor
  کف ِ بالارو   
kaf-e bâlârow (#)

Fr.: plancher mobile   

The floor below a telescope used to lift observers to the level of the telescope's eyepiece, since the telescope is tilted at varying angles when it is in use.

Elevating, adj. of → elevate; → floor.

English mounting
  برنشاند ِ انگلیسی   
barnešând-e englisi

Fr.: monture anglaise   

A method of mounting a telescope in which the polar axis is supported at each end by two piers. The great defect of this type of mounting is its inability to observe the pole.

mounting.

equatorial mounting
  برنشاند ِ هموگاری   
barnešând-e hamugâri

Fr.: monture équatoriale   

A telescope mounting consisting of a polar axis pointed toward the celestial pole, and a declination axis supporting the instrument at right angles to the polar axis.

equatorial; → mounting.

exciting star
  ستاره‌ی ِ بر انگیزنده   
setâre-ye barangizandé

Fr.: étoile excitatrice   

A star associated with an interstellar ionized nebula (→ H II region or → planetary nebula) whose energetic → ultraviolet, → photons → ionize the nebula.

Exciting, verbal adj. of → excite; → star.

extinction
  خاموشی   
xâmuši (#)

Fr.: extinction   

1) Dimming of light by an intervening medium (the Earth's atmosphere or the interstellar medium). It is usually due to both scattering and absorption.
2) Paleontology: The act or process of dying out or coming to an end, becoming extinct: the extinction of a species; → mass extinction.

Noun of extinct, from L. extinctus, p.p. of extinguere "to quench, wipe out," from → ex- "out" + stinguere "to quench," from PIE base *steig- "to prick, stick, pierce;" cf. Mod.Pers. tiz, tež, tig, tej, tij, tiq "sharp;" Av. tiγra- "pointed," tiγray- "arrow;" → deblur.

Xâmuši, noun of xâmuš "extinguished; silent," Mid.Pers. xâmôš "silent;" cf. Skt. amrs- "to bear patiently."

extinction coefficient
  همگر ِ خاموشی   
hamgar-e xâmuši

Fr.: coefficient d'extinction   

Gradient of apparent magnitude with air mass.

extinction; → coefficient.

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