An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 932
authenticate
  راستین‌شماردن   
râstin šomârdan

Fr.: authentifier   

1) To establish as genuine.
2) To prove beyond doubt the authorship or origin of (e.g. to authenticate a painting). → authentication.

From L.L. authenticus, from Gk. authentikos "original, primary, at first hand," from authent(es) "one who does things himself," from aut-, from autos "self, one's own," of unknown origin, + -hentes "doer" + -ikos, → ics.

Râstin "genuine, authentic," from râst "right, true; just, straight" (Mid.Pers. râst "true, straight, direct;" O.Pers. rāsta- "straight, true," rās- "to be right, straight, true;" Av. rāz- "to direct, put in line, set," razan- "order;" cf. Skt. raj- "to direct, stretch," rjuyant- "walking straight;" Gk. orektos "stretched out;" L. regere "to lead straight, guide, rule," p.p. rectus "right, straight;" Ger. recht; E. right; PIE base *reg- "move in a straight line," hence, "to direct, rule") + -in adj. suffix.
Šomârdan "to consider; to reckon, count, compute;" Mid.Pers. ôšmârtan, ôšmurtan "to reckon, calculate, enumerate, account for," from Av. base (š)mar- "to have in mind, remember, recall," pati-šmar- "to recall; to long for," hišmar-, cf. Skt. smar- "to remember, become aware," smarati "he remembers," L. memor, memoria, Gk. mermera "care," merimna "anxious thought, sorrow," martyr "witness."

authentication
  راستین‌شماری، راستین‌آزمایی   
râstinšomâri, râstin-âzmâyi

Fr.: authentification   

Computers: The process by which a user's identity is checked within the network to ensure that the user has access to the requested resources.

Verbal noun of → authenticate.

author
  داتار   
dâtâr

Fr.: auteur   

1) The writer of a book, article, or other text. One who practices writing as a profession.
2) An originator or creator, as of a theory or plan.
3) Author God.

M.E. auctour, from O.Fr. autor, from L. auctor, "creator, enlarger, founder, master, leader," literally "one who causes to grow," from auctus, p.p. of augere "to increase," from PIE root aug- "to increase".

Dâtâr, from Mid.Pers. dâtâr/dâdâr "creator," from Av. and O.Pers. dâtâr "creator," from dâ- "to create, make, appoint," Skt. dhatr "author, creator, preserver, bearer." The Mod.Pers. form of this word in classical literary works is dâdâr, used mainly as noun or adjective for "God, the creator."

authoritarian
  داتارگانورز   
dâtârgânvarz

Fr.: autoritaire   

Of, relating to, or characterized by strict obedience to authority.

From authorit(y), → authority, + suffix -arian.

authoritarianism
  داتارگانورزی   
dâtârgânvarzi

Fr.: autoritarisme   

1) The enforcement or advocacy of strict obedience to authority at the expense of personal freedom.
2) Lack of concern for the wishes or opinions of others (OxfordDictionaries.com).

authoritarian; → -ism.

authoritative
  داتارگانمند   
dâtârgânmand

Fr.: qui fait autorité, digne de foi   

1) Recognized or accepted as being true or reliable.
2) Exercising or asserting authority; commanding.
3) Possessing or supported by authority; official (Dictionary.com).

From authorit(y), → authority, + suffix -ative.

authority
  داتارگان   
dâtârgân

Fr.: autorité   

1) The power to determine, adjudicate, or otherwise settle issues or disputes; jurisdiction; the right to control, command, or determine (Dictionary.com).
2) A person or body of persons in whom authority is vested, as a governmental agency (Dictionary.com).

author; → -ity.

Dâtârgân, from dâtâr, → author, + -gân, on the model of xodâygân "a great lord."

authorship
  داتاری   

Fr.: paternité   

1) The act, fact, or occupation of writing.
2) Source or origin, as of a book or idea.

author.

auto-, aut-
  خود-   
xod- (#)

Fr.: auto-, aut-   

Gk., from autos "self, one's own," of unknown origin.

Xod-, from xod "self," Av. hva- "self, own."

autocorrelation
  خودهم‌باز‌آنش   
xod-hambâzâneš

Fr.: autocorrélation   

1) In radio astronomy, a process performed by an → autocorrelator.
2) In statistics, a linear relation between values of a random variable over time.
3) In electronics, a technique used to detect cyclic activity in a complex signal.

Autocorrelation, from → auto- "self" + → correlation.

Xod-hambâzâneš, from xod- "self" + hambâzâneš, → correlation.

autocorrelation function
  کریا‌ی ِ خودهم‌باز‌آنش   
karyâ-ye xod-hambâzâneš

Fr.: fonction d'autocorrélation   

A mathematical function that describes the correlation between two values of the same variable at different points in time.

autocorrelation; → function.

autocorrelator
  خودهم‌باز‌آن‌گر   
xod-hambâzângar

Fr.: autocorrélateur   

In radio astronomy, a spectrograph which correlates the signal with itself with various time delays, and extracts the frequency spectrum of the signal. → correlator.

Autocorrelator, agent n. from → autocorrelate + → -or.

Xod-hambâzângar, agent n. from xod-, → auto-, + hambâzângar, → correlator.

autocovariance
  خود-هم‌ورتایی   
xod-hamvartâyi

Fr.: autocovariance   

The → covariance of a → time series overt time.

auto-; → covariance.

autocovariance function
  کریای ِ خود-هم‌ورتایی   
karyâ-ye xod-hamvartâyi

Fr.: fonction d'autocovariance   

The autocovariance function (ACF) is defined as the sequence of covariances of a stationary process.
A mathematical function that expresses the autocovariance of a series in terms of the interval of separation.

autocovariance; → function.

autoguider
  خودراهبر، راهبر ِ خودکار   
xodrâhbar, râhbar-e xodkâr

Fr.: autoguideur   

An electronic equipment used to automatically guide a telescope during long exposures.

Autoguider from → auto- "self" + guider, from O.Fr. guider "to guide, lead, conduct," from Germanic origin; akin to O.E. wltan "to look after" witan "to know," akin to O.H.G. wizzan "to know," L. videre "to see," Gk. eidenai "to know," idein "to see," Av. vaêd- "to know," Skt. veda "knowledge; finding."

Xodrâhbar from xod-, → auto + râhbar "guide," from râh "way" + bar, from bordan "to lead."

autoguiding
  خودراهبرد، راهبرد خودکار   
xodrâhbord, râhbord-e xodkâr

Fr.: autoguidage   

The act or process of guiding a telescope automatically.

autoguider.

automatic
  خودکار   
xodkâr (#)

Fr.: automatique   

Having a self-acting or self-regulating mechanism.

From Gk. automatos "self-acting," from → auto- + matos "willing," from PIE *men- "to think;" compare with Av./O.Pers. man- "to think."

Xodkâr from xod-, → auto-, + kâr "acting, actor," from kardan "to do, act."

automatic photometric telescope
  دوربین ِ شیدسنجیک ِ خودکار، تلسکوپ ِ ~ ~   
durbin-e šidsanjik-e xodkâr, teleskop-e ~ ~

Fr.: télescope photométrique automatique   

A telescope developed to perform photometric observations automatically.

automatic; → photometric; → telescope.

automorphism
  خود-ریخت‌مندی   
xod-rixtmandi

Fr.: automorphisme   

An → isomorphism between an → object and itself.

auto-; → morphism.

autonomous
  خوددات   
xoddât

Fr.: autonome   

1) Self-governing; independent; subject to its own laws only; having autonomy.
2) Pertaining to an autonomy, or a self-governing community.
3) Biology: Existing and functioning as an independent organism. Growing naturally or spontaneously, without cultivation (Dictionary.com).

Adjective from → autonomy.

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