1) belk; 2) belkidan
Fr.: 1) sursaut, flambée, impulsion; 2) éclater
1a) General: An abrupt, intense increase. A period of intense
activity. A sudden outbreak or outburst. An explosion.
M.E. bersten, from O.E. berstan, akin to O.H.G. berstan "to burst;" from PIE *bhres- "to burst, break, crack."
1) Belk, Mod.Pers. "a blaze, a flame." The term has several
variants, including in dialects: balk [Mo'in],
pâlk (Tokharian AB),
bal (Gilaki, Semnâni, Sorxeyi, Sangesari, Lahijâni),
val (Gilaki), bilese (Kordi), beleyz (Lori),
warq, barx [Mo'in], and the Pers. widespread term gorr
"burst of fire."
Belk derives probably from Mid.Pers. brâh, Av. braz-
"to shine, gleam, flash, radiate,"
cf. Skt. bhâ- "to shine," bhrajate "shines, glitters,"
O.H.G. beraht "bright,"
O.E. beorht "bright;" PIE *bhereg- "to shine."
The Mod.Pers. barq "glitter; → electricity" probably
belongs to this family. Therefore, the Hebrew barak and Ar. barq
may be loanwords from Old or Mid.Pers.
burst of star formation
belk-e diseš-e setâregân
Fr.: flambée de formation d'étoiles
An intense → star formation activity in a region of → interstellar medium or, more globally, in a → galaxy. It is characterized by a → star formation rate which is much higher than the corresponding average. Same as → starburst.
Fr.: source à sursaut
From → burst + -er a noun-forming suffix.
Belkvar, from belk, → burst, + agent noun suffix -var.
Fr.: diagramme en papillon
A graph on which the latitudes of → sunspots are plotted against time. It shows how sunspots migrate from high latitudes (30°- 40° north or south) to the solar equator (latitude of about 5°) during each → solar cycle, according to → Sporer's law. The shape of these distributions, when represented for both hemispheres, resembles the wings of a butterfly. The diagram was first created by Edward W. Maunder in 1904 to illustrate the solar cycle (M.S.: SDE).
Butterfly, from M.E. butterflye, from O.E. butorfleoge, from butor, butere "butter" floge "fly," but the etymology is not clear; → diagram.
Nemudâr, → diagram; parvânevâr "resembling a butterfly," from parvâné "butterfly" + -vâr similarity suffix.
A preposition used to indicate the agent after a passive verb. By means of.
M.E., O.E. bi "near, in, by, during, about;" cf. O.S. and O.Fr. bi, M.Du., Du. bij, Ger. bei;cf. Skt. abhi "toward, to," Gk. amphi- "around, about;" Av. aibi, aiwi, O.Pers. aiby, Pers. af-.
Pat, from Mid.Pers. pat, pad "to, at, in, on" (Mod.Pers. bé); O.Pers. patiy, Av. paiti "to, at, for, with, by mean of," cf. Skt. práti "toward, against, again, back, in return, opposite;" Pali pati-; Gk. proti, pros "face to face with, toward, in addition to, near;" PIE *proti.
Fr.: par défaut
Because of a lack of opposition or alternative.
Fr.: étoile B[e]
A → Be star with → forbidden lines in emission in its spectrum. B[e] stars show large → infrared excess due to → circumstellar dust emission. See also → supergiant B[e] star, → pre-main sequence B[e] star, → compact planetary nebula B[e] star, → symbiotic B[e] star, and → unclassified B[e] star.
B, referring to the spectral type; e for emission lines, brackets for distinction from Be; → star.