Fr.: polarization elliptique
The → polarization of an → electromagnetic radiation in which the electric vector at any point in the path of the beam describes an ellipse in a plane perpendicular to the propagation direction. Elliptical polarization results from the combination of two perpendicular → linearly polarized waves whose → phase difference is other than 0, 90, or 180°. The form of the ellipse is determined by the amplitudes of the component waves and the phase difference. → Linear polarization and → circular polarization can be considered as limiting cases of elliptical polarization.
elliptically polarized light
nur-e qotbide-ye beyzigun
Fr.: lumière polarisée elliptiquement
Light exhibiting → elliptical polarization.
The degree of divergence of an ellipse from a circle.
From elliptic-, from elliptical + → -ity.
Elnath (β Tau)
Nâteh (#), šâxzan (#)
Same as → Alnath.
To draw out to greater length; lengthen; extend.
From L.L. elongatus "lengthened out," p.p. of elongare "to make longer, to remove to a distance," from → ex- "out" + longus "long;" PIE base *dlonghos- "long;" cf. Av. darəga-, darəγa- "long," drājištəm "longest;" Mod.Pers. derâz "long," dir "late; long;" Skt. dīrghá- "long (in space and time);" Gk. dolikhos "long;" P.Gmc. *langgaz (Ger. lang; O.N. langr; M.Du. lanc; Goth. laggs "long;" E. long).
DerâzidanDerâzeš "to elongate," from derâz "long," Mid.Pers. drâz "long;" Av. darəga-, darəγa- "long," drājištəm "longest;" PIE *dlonghos- "long," as above.
Made longer; long and narrow.
Past participle of → elongate.
madâr-e derâzidé, ~ kašidé
Fr.: orbite allongée
1) Increase in length per unit of original length.
Fr.: nombre d'Elsasser
A → dimensionless quantity used in → magnetohydrodynamics to describe the relative balance of → Lorentz forces to → Coriolis forces. It is given by: Λ = σB2/(ρΩ), where σ s the → electrical conductivity of the fluid, B is the typical → magnetic field strength within the fluid, ρ is the fluid → density, and Ω is the → angular velocity. A typical value for the Earth is Λ ~ 1.
Named after Walter Maurice Elsasser (1904-1991), American theoretical physicist of German origin; → number.
Eltanin (Gamma Draconis)
The brightest star in the constellation → Draco, with a visual magnitude of V = 2.23 and color B - V +1.52. It is a cool (4000 K) → giant star of spectral Type K5 III, lying 148 → light-years. Gamma Draconis has a luminosity 600 times that of the Sun and a diameter 50 times that of the Sun. It crosses the sky near the zenith point for England, a nd this was the reason why James Bradley (1693-1762) observed γ Draconis when he was trying to detect parallax and so calculate the distance. He found that the star undergoes a yearly shift of a form quite different from that expected from parallax. In a 1728 paper, Bradley announced his discovery and explained the effect as due to the → aberration of starlight . Variant names: Etamin, Etanin; Ettanin, other designations: HR 6705, HD 164058.
From Ar. At-Tinnin (
A transient upper atmospheric phenomenon occurring over a → thunderstorm in the lower → ionosphere. Elves result from especially powerful electromagnetic radiation pulses that are generated from certain lightning discharges (→ sprite). As the energy passes upwards through the base of the ionosphere it causes the gases to briefly glow for less than a thousandth of a second. This makes elves virtually impossible to see with the naked eye. Elves occur at a height of around 90-95 km, and can expand outward to several hundred kilometers in diameter, like giant expanding doughnuts.
Short for: Emission of Light and Very low-frequency perturbations from Electromagnetic pulse sources.
From E. elf "(in folklore) a small often malicious fairy; goblin; sprite;" O.E. elf, ælf, ylfe; cf. O.S. alf, O.N. alfr, Ger. alp, of unknown origin.
To flow out, issue, or proceed, as from a source or origin; come forth; originate; arise (Dictionary.com).
From L. emanatus, p.p. of emanare "flow out," figuratively "arise from, proceed from."
An act or instance of emanating; something that emanates or is emanated.
Fr.: étoile enfouie
A newborn star which is tightly enveloped by a surrounding cloud of gas and dust.
Ebedded p.p. of embed, from en- + bed from O.E. bed "bed," from P.Gmc. *badjam "sleeping place dug in the ground" (O.H.G. betti; Ger. bett); PIE base *bhedh- "to dig, pierce;" cf. Gk. bothyros "pit;" L. fodere "to dig," fossa "ditch;" → star.
Setâré, → star; forupušidé, p.p. of forupušidan, from foru- "below; beneath; down, downwards;" Mid.Pers. frôt "down, downwards;" O.Pers. fravata "forward, downward;" Skt. pravát- "a sloping path, the slope of a mountain" + pušidan "to cover, conceal, clothe; to wear clothes;" Mid.Pers. pôšidan, pôš- "to cover, put on, wear;" cf. Mid.Pers. pôst; Mod.Pers. pust "skin, hide;" O.Pers. pavastā- "thin clay envelope used to protect unbaked clay tablets;" Skt. pavásta- "cover;" Proto-Indo-Iranian *pauastā- "cloth."
Fr.: incarnation, incorporation, personnification
The act of embodying; the state or fact of being embodied.
verbal noun of → embody.
Fr.: exprimer, concrétiser, incarner
1) To give a concrete form or body to an idea or quality.
From en- "in" + → body
behizak (#), mâh-e behizaki (#)
Fr.: mois embolismique
1) In several → lunisolar calendars, an
→ intercalary month employed to preserve a seasonal relationship
between the Lunar and Solar cycles. For example, in the
→ Hebrew calendar the extra month,
called Adar Alef, was inserted after Shvat
so that the month of Nissan (month of spring) does not begin in winter.
M.E. embolisme, from M.L. embolismus "intercalation," from Gk. emballein "to throw into, to insert," from em- "in" + ballein "to throw" (source of the medical term embolism "the obstruction (of an artery, etc.) by a clot of blood, bubble of air, etc."); → month.
Behizak, from Mid.Pers. vihezagig or vihezakik "movable," from vihezag "movement, progression," from vihez- "to move, progress;" mâh, → month.
sâl-e behizaki (#)
Fr.: année embolismique
In ancient calendars, a year that contains an → embolismic month.
1) Move out of or away from something and become visible.
1) The process of becoming visible after being concealed.