An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

   Homepage   
   


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

<< < -en ear eav ecl edd eff Ein El ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end eni ent Epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exi exp exp ext ext eye > >>

Number of Results: 663
exclusive
  سکلاننده، سکلان‌مند   
sokolânandé, sokolânmand

Fr.: exclusif   

Excluding or having power to exclude; excluding all else; rejecting other considerations, possibilities, etc.

Adj. from → exclude.

excretion
  اُسبال   
osbâl

Fr.: excrétion   

A process in which an astronomical body loses mass mainly in the direction of its → equatorial regions, as opposed to → accretion.

From L. → ex- + crescere "to grow," → accretion.

excretion disk
  گرده‌ی ِ اُسبال   
gerde-ye osbâl

Fr.: disque d'excrétion   

An expanding → equatorial → disk or → torus of material ejected by a star. The phenomenon may result from a stellar → merger or an increase in its rate of → rotation or → stellar winds. Contrasted with → accretion disk.

excretion; → disk.

excursion
  زچار   
zocâr

Fr.: excursion   

1) A short trip or outing to some place, usually for a special purpose and with the intention of a prompt return.
2) Physics: The displacement of a body or a point from a mean position or neutral value, as in an oscillation (Dictionary.com). → geomagnetic excursion.

From L. excursion- "a running forth, expedition," figuratively "an outset, opening," from excurrere "to run out," from → ex- "out" + currere "to run," → current.

Zocâr, literally "wander out, " from zo- "out," → ex-, + câr "to come and go, wander," related to car-, caridan "to psature, graze;" (Karingân) cârumé "excursion, walking around," (Sorxé) câqâle, (Sangesar, Semnân) ceqala "excursion;" Av. car- "to come and go, wander;" cf. Skt. car- "to move, walk, go;" Gk. pelomai "I move;" L. colere "to till, cultivate;" PIE root *kwelH- "to move, turn, wander."

executable
  زکاردنی   
zokârdani

Fr.: exécutable   

1) Computers: Describing a computer program that is able to be run. → executable program.
2) Computer: A file containing a program that will run when it is opened. → executable file.

execute; → -able.

executable file
  پرونده‌ی ِ زکاردنی   
parvande-ye zokârdani

Fr.: fichier exécutable   

A type of binary file designed to be directly executed by a computer system. → executable program.

executable; → file.

executable program
  برنامه‌ی ِ زکاردنی   
barnâme-ye zokârdani

Fr.: programme exécutable   

A program that can run on a → computer. It uses an → executable file.

executable; → program.

execute
  زکاردن   
zokârdan

Fr.: exécuter   

1) To carry out; accomplish.
2) To create (a work of art, for example) or carry out in accordance with a prescribed design.
3) Computers: To run a program or an instruction.

M.E. executen, from O.Fr. executer, from M.L. executare, from L. execut-/exsecut-, p.p. stem of exequi/exsequi "to follow out, carry out," from → ex- "out" + sequi "to follow, come after," from PIE root *sekw- "to follow," → sequence; cf. Av. hac- "to follow," Gk. hepesthai "to follow," Skt. sacate "accompanies, follows"

Zokârdan, from prefix zo-, variants os-, so-, âz-, → ex-, + kâr variant of kar-, kardan "to do, to make," → -ize.

execution
  زکارش   
zokâreš

Fr.: exécution   

The act of executing something; the state of being executed.

Verbal noun of → execute; → -tion.

executive
  ۱) زکارشی؛ ۲) زکارگر   
1) zokâreši; 2) zokârgar

Fr.: exécutif   

1a) Of, pertaining to, or suited for carrying out plans, duties, etc.
1b) Pertaining to or charged with the execution of laws and policies or the administration of public affairs.
2a) A person or group of persons having administrative or supervisory authority in an organization.
2b) The person or persons in whom the supreme executive power of a government is vested (Dictionary.com).

execute; → -ive.

executor
  زکارنده   
zokârandé

Fr.: exécuteur   

A person who executes, carries out, or performs some duty, job, assignment, artistic work, etc. (Dictionary.com).

execute; → -or.

Exeligmos
  چرخگرد   
Carxgard

Fr.: exeligmos   

A period of three → Saros cycles, that is 54 years and 34 days (19,755.96 days) that can be used to predict successive → eclipses with similar properties and location. As the Saros cycle is a period of about 6.585 1/3 days, the 1/3 day means that after 223 → lunar months all eclipses are shifted by about 8 hours (or by about 120° in longitude). Exeligmos contains a whole number of → synodic months (669), it also contains a whole number of → anomalistic months (717), and → draconistic months (726). So, after one exeligmos, the Moon will again be near the same node of its orbit. Thus we have a very good chance of finding an eclipse. Moreover, since an exeligmos also contains a whole number of days, the eclipse will even occur at about the same time of day as before. But because the Moon moves 32° in mean longitude, over and above complete cycles, during an exeligmos, the second eclipse will occur approximately one zodiac sign farther east than did the first one (James Evans & J. Lennart Berggren, Geminos's Introduction to the Phenomena, A Translation and Study of Hellenistic Survey of Astronomy, 2006, Princeton Univ. Press).

Exeligmos, Gk. "turn of the wheel."

Carxgard "turn of the wheel," from carx, → wheel, + gard "turn," → revolve.

exercise
  ۱) آورژش؛ ۲) آورژیدن   
1) âvaržeš 1) âvaržidan

Fr.: 1) exercise; 2) exercer   

1a) Something done or performed as a means of practice or training.
1b) A putting into action, use, operation, or effect.
2a) To put (faculties, rights, etc.) into action, practice, or use.
2b) To put through exercises, or forms of practice or exertion, designed to train, develop, condition, or the like (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from M.Fr. exercice, from L. exercitium "training, exercise" (of soldiers, horsemen, etc.); from → ex- "off" + arcere "keep away, prevent, enclose."

Âvaržeš, verbal noun from Âvaržidan, from prefix â- + varž, "work," variant of varz, → practice, + infinitive suffix -idan.

exert
  بلیزیدن   
balizidan

Fr.: exercer   

To apply or put forth, as strength.

From L. ex(s)ertus, p.p. of exserere "to thrust out, put forth," from → ex- "out," + serere "to bind together."

Balizidan, from Kurd (Kurm.) bil "work," bilîn "to work," variant of varz, → practice, + infinitive suffix -idan.

exertion
  بلیزش   
balizeš

Fr.: effort; exercice   

1) Vigorous action; physical or mental effort.
2) The application or exercise of force, power, or faculties.

exert; → -tion.

exist
  هستومند بودن، هستن، بودن   
hastumand budan (#), hastan (#), budan (#)

Fr.: exister   

1) To have actual being or reality; to be.
2) To have life; to live.

M.E., from O.Fr. exister, ultimately from pr.p. of L. existere/exsistere "to stand forth, appear; to exist, be;" from → ex- + sistere "cause to stand," from PIE *sta-, cf. Pers. istâdan "to stand," → state.

Hastumand budan, from Mid.Pers. hastumand "existing, existent," from hast, ast 'is" (infinitive hastan, astan); O.Pers. astiy; Av. asti "is;" O.Pers./Av. root ah- "to be;" cf. Skt. as-; Gk. esti; L. est; PIE *es-, + euphonic -u-, + -mand possession suffix, → -ist, + budan "to be," to become;" Mid.Pers. butan "to be ,become," from O.Pers./Av. bav- "to be; become, take place," Av. buta- perf. ptcpl. pass., bavaiti "becomes," Skt. bhavati "becomes, happens," bhavah "becoming; condition, state," PIE *bheu- "to be, come into being, become;" cf. Gk. phu- "become," phuein "to bring forth, make grow," L. fui "I was" (perf. tense of esse), futurus "that is to be, future," Ger. present first and second person sing. bin, bist, E. to be, O.Ir. bi'u "I am," Lith. bu'ti "to be," Rus. byt' "to be."

existence
  هستومندی، هستی   
hastumandi (#), hasti (#)

Fr.: existence   

Math.: The fact that at least one → solution exists for a given → problem.

exist; → -ence.

existence problem
  پراسه‌ی ِ هستومندی، ~ هستی   
parâse-ye hustumandi, ~ hasti

Fr.: problème d'existence   

Math: The question of whether a → solution to a given → problem exists.

existence; → problem.

existence proof
  آوین ِ هستومندی، ~ هستی   
âvin-e hastumandi, ~ hasti

Fr.: preuve d'existence   

Math.: An → argument that establishes an → existence theorem.

existence; → proof.

existence theorem
  فربین ِ هستومندی، ~ هستی   
farbin-e hastumandi, ~ hasti

Fr.: théorème d'existence   

Math: A theorem that asserts the existence of at least one object, such as the → solution to a → problem or → equation.

existence; → theorem.

<< < -en ear eav ecl edd eff Ein El ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end eni ent Epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exi exp exp ext ext eye > >>