An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



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Number of Results: 658
expansion parameter
  پارامون ِ گسترش   
pârâmun-e gostareš

Fr.: paramètre d'expansion   

A → scale factor that relates the size of the Universe R = R(t) at time t to the size of the Universe R0 = R(t0) at time t0 by R = aR0. The expansion parameter represents the history of expansion of the Universe.

expansion; → parameter.


Fr.: espérance, attente   

Statistics: Same as → mathematical expectation, → expected value.

From L. expectare "to await, hope," from → ex- "thoroughly" + spectare "to look," from → specere "to look at," → -scope.

Bayusesš, verbal noun of bayusidan "to expect;" Mid.Pers. pyws- "to hope for, desire" (prefixed *pati-); O.Pers. vasiy "at will, greatly, utterly," vašna- "will, favor;" Av. vas- "to will, desire, wish, long for," vasəmi "I wish," vasna- "will, favor," ušti- "desire, wish, will," vasô, vasə "at one's will." This word is extant in several Mod.Pers. dialects, Tabari vessen "to wish, desire," Gilaki vâssan "to wish, desire," vâsti "desire," Kurd. wistin "to desire, wish," Lâri avessa "to desire," colloquial Tehrâni vâsé "for" (Mid.Pers. vasnâd "because"); cf. Skt. vaś- "to wish, want, desire," váśa- "wish, desire," vasēna "for, because;" Gk. ekon "voluntary;" PIE base *uek- "to wish."

expected value
  ارزش ِ بیوسیده   
arzeš- bayusidé

Fr.: valeur espérée   

Statistics: Same as → mathematical expectation, → expectation.

expectation; → value.


Fr.: dépenser   

To use up. See also → spend, → consume.

From L. expendere "to pay out, weigh out money," from → ex- "out" + pendere "to pay, weigh."

Hazinidan, back formation from haziné, → expenditure.

haziné (#)

Fr.: dépense   

1) The act of expending something, especially funds; disbursement; consumption.
2) Something that is expended; expense (

From → expend.

Mid.Pers. uzên, uzênag "expense;" ultimately from Proto-Ir. *uz-ayana- literally "going out" (cf. Awromani ziāy-/-zia- "to go out"), from uz-, → ex-, + *Hai- "to go," → efficiency.

âzmâyeš (#)

Fr.: expérience   

An act or operation for the purpose of discovering something unknown or of testing a principle, supposition. See: → Aspect experiment, → Carnal-Mlynek experiment, → Davisson-Germer experiment, → double-slit experiment, → Eratosthenes experiment, → Hafele-Keating experiment, → Hertz experiment, → Michelson-Morley experiment, → Millikan's oil-drop experiment, → Pascal's barrel experiment, → random experiment, → Stern-Gerlach experiment, → thought experiment, → toothed-wheel experiment, → Trouton-Noble experiment, → Young's experiment.

From O.Fr. experiment, from L. experimentum "a trial, test," from experiri "to test, try," from → ex- "out of" + peritus "experienced, tested."

Âzmâyeš, verbal noun of âzmudan, âzmây- "to try, experiment, test;" Mid.Pers. uzmudan, ôzmutan "to test, try, prove;" from O.Pers./Av. *uz-māy-, from uz-, → ex- + mā(y)- "to measure;" from PIE *me- "measure;" cf. Skt. mati "measures," matra "measure;" Gk. metra "lot, portion;" L. metri "to measure."


Fr.: expliquer   

1) To make plain or clear; to render understandable or intelligible.
2) To make clear the cause or reason of; to account for.
3) To assign a meaning to; → interpret.

From L. explanare "to make level, smooth out; make clear," from → ex- "out" + planus "flat; clear."

Ostâhidan, literally "to unfold, spread out" (on the model of Fr. expliquer, Sp. explicar, from L. → ex- "out" + plicare "to lay, fold, twist," from PIE base *plek- "to plait, twist;" cf. Gk. plekein "to plait," L. plectere "to plait, braid, intertwine," O.C.S. plesti "to braid, plait, twist," Goth. flahta "braid"), from os- "out," → ex- + tâh "fold, plait, ply;" Mid.Pers. tâg "piece, part" + -idan infinitive suffix.


Fr.: explication   

1) The act or process of explaining.
2) A statement made to clarify something and make it understandable.

Verbal noun of → explain.


Fr.: explicite   

1) General: Precisely and clearly expressed.
2) Math.: → explicit function.

From Fr. explicite, from L. explicitus "unobstructed," variant p.p. of explicare "unfold, unravel, explain," → explain.

Ostâhi, from ostâh present stem of ostâhidan, → explain, + -i adj. suffix.

explicit function
  کریای ِ استاهی   
karyâ-ye ostâhi

Fr.: fonction explicite   

The most usual form of a function in which the dependent variable (written on the left hand side of the Same as → equality sign) is expressed directly in terms of independent variables written on the left (on the right hand side). See also → implicit function.

explicit; → function.

  اسکفتن، اسکفتیدن   
oskaftan, oskaftidan

Fr.: exploser   

Verbal form of → explosion.

From L. explodere "drive out or off by clapping," originally theatrical, "to drive an actor off the stage by making noise," from → ex- "out" + plaudere "to clap, beat," of uncertain origin.

Oskaftidan, from os-, → ex- + kaftidan "to burst; to split," variants kaftan, kâftan "to split; to dig," Parthian Mid.Pers. q'f- "to split;" Sogdian "to spli;" Chorasmian kf- "to split, be split;" Proto-Iranian *kap-, *kaf- "to split."

puyeš (#)

Fr.: exploration   

1) An act or instance of exploring or investigating; examination.
2. The investigation of unknown regions.
3) The process of searching for minerals by means of geological studies.
4) Medicine: An examination or investigation for diagnostic purposes, usually involving endoscopy or a surgical procedure.

Verbal noun of → explore.

puyidan (#)

Fr.: explorer   

1) To travel to or in a place for the purpose of discovery.
2) To make a careful investigation or study of something.

From L. explorare "investigate, search out;" said to be originally a hunters' term meaning "set up a loud cry," from → ex- "out" + plorare "to cry."

Puyidan, originally "to run, trot; wander," from Mid.Pers. pôy-, pwd- "to run;" cf. Gk. speudein "to hasten;" Lith. spudinti.

  پوینده، پویشگر   
puyandé, puyešgar (#)

Fr.: explorateur   

A person or thing that explores.

Agent noun of → explore.


Fr.: explosion   

The sudden and violent release of mechanical, chemical, or nuclear energy from a confined space which creates a heat wave that travels at → subsonic speeds. → detonation; → deflagration; → implosion.

Verbal noun of → explode.

  ۱) اسکفتاک؛ ۲) اسکفتی، اسکفتنده   
1) oskaftâk; 2) oskafti, oskaftandé

Fr.: explosif   

1) (n.) A chemical or compound that causes a sudden, almost instantaneous release of pressure, gas, heat, and light when subjected to sudden shock, pressure, high temperature, or applied potential.
2) (adj.) Pertaining to or of the nature of an → explosion.

From explos(ion), → explosion + → -ive.

Oskaftâk, from oskaft-, stem of oskaftan, → explode, + -âk noun suffix.

explosive nucleosynthesis
  هسته اندایش ِ اسکفتی   
hasté andâyeš-e oskafti

Fr.: nucléosynthèse explosive   

The explosive processes that are believed to occur in supernovae. Explosive carbon burning occurs at a temperature of about 2 × 109 degrees and produces the nuclei from neon to silicon. Explosive oxygen burning occurs near 4 × 109 degrees and produces nuclei between silicon and calcium in atomic weight.At higher temperatures, still heavier nuclei are produced.

explosive; → nucleosynthesis.


Fr.: explosivité   

1) The state or quality of being explosive.
2) A measure of the extent to which a material is explosive.

explosive; → -ity.

nemâ (#)

Fr.: exposant   

Math.: A symbol or number placed above and after another symbol or number (called the base) to denote the power to which the latter is to be raised. Examples: n in the expresseion an; 3 in the expression 23.

From L. exponentem, pr.p. of exponere "put forth, explain," from → ex- "forth" + ponere "to put, to place."

Nemâ, agent noun of nemudan "to show, display," from Mid.Pers. nimūdan, from ne- "down; into;" O.Pers./Av. ni- "down; into," → ni-, + mun, Av. māy- "to measure," → display.

nemâyi (#)

Fr.: exponentiel   

Of or expressed by a mathematical → exponent. → exponential curve, → exponential equation, → exponential function.

exponent + -ial, variant of → -al.

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