An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory



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Number of Results: 653
inner Lagrangian point
  نقطه‌ی ِ لاگرانژ ِ درونی   
noqte-ye Lagrange-e daruni (#)

Fr.: point de Lagrange interne   

One of the five → Lagrangian points, denoted L1, which lies between the two bodies on the line passing through their center of mass. In a → close binary star system mass transfer occurs through this point.

inner; → Lagrangian points.

inner Lindblad resonance (ILR)
  باز‌آوایی ِ لیندبلاد ِ درونی   
bâzâvâyi-ye Lindblad-e daruni

Fr.: résonance de Lindblad interne   

A → Lindblad resonance expressed by: Ωp = Ω - κ/m.

inner; → Lindblad resonance.

inner planets
  سیاره‌های ِ درونی   
sayârehâ-ye daruni (#)

Fr.: planètes internes   

The planets Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars collectively. T hey are also known as the terrestrial planets.

inner; → planet.

innermost stable circular orbit (ISCO)
  درونیترین مدار ِ دایره‌ای ِ پایدار   
darunitarin madâr-e dâyere-yi-ye pâydâr

Fr.: orbite circulaire stable intérieur   

The smallest → circular orbit in which a particle can stably orbit a → black hole according to → general relativity without the risk of falling past the → event horizon. In other words, the ISCO is the inner edge of the → accretion disk around a black hole. Therefore, characteristics of accretion disks depend on ISCO. The radius of ISCO is calculated to be three times the → Schwarzschild radius (3 RSch). ISCO is closer to event horizon for rotating black hole.

inner; → stable; → circular; → orbit.

INPOP ephemerides
  روزیجهای ِ INPOP   
ruzijhâ-ye INPOP

Fr.: éphémérides INPOP   

A dynamical model developed in France since 2003 which calculates the motion of → Solar System bodies with the highest accuracy. It integrates data obtained by NASA and ESA space missions. See, for example, A. Fienga et al. 2011, arXiv:1108.5546.

INPOP, short for Intégration Numérique Planétaire de l'Observatoire de Paris; → ephemerides.

darundâd (#)

Fr.: entrée   

1) The current, voltage, or driving force applied to an electric or electronic circuit or device.
2) Computers: Data which is transferred from outer external storage elements to the internal storage of a computer. → output.

From → in- + put, from M.E. put(t)en "to push, thrust, put;" O.E. *putian.

Darundâd, from darun "in" → in-, → intra-, + dâd "given," p.p. of dâdan "to give" (Mid.Pers. dâdan "to give," O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, yield," akin to L. data, → datum).

input catalog
  کاتالوگ ِ درونداد   
kâtâlog-e darundâd

Fr.: catalogue d'entrée   

A catalog based on a pre-defined list of objects prepared for new observations, mainly using → space telescopes. → Ecliptic Plane Input Catalogue.

input; → catalog.


Fr.: inscrire   

1) To mark with words, characters, etc., especially in a durable or conspicuous way.
2) Geometry: To draw within another figure so that the inner lies entirely within the boundary of the outer, touching it at as many points as possible: e.g. to inscribe a circle in a square.

From L. inscribere, from → in- + scribere "to write," from PIE *skreibh- (cf. Gk. skariphasthai "to scratch an outline, sketch;" Lett. skripat "scratch, write;" 0 O.N. hrifa "scratch"); PIE base *sker- "cut, incise."

Darveštan, darvisidan (on the model of neveštan, nevisidan "to write"), from dar-, → in-, + vešt-, vis- (see below) + -idan infinitive suffix. Vešt-, vis- from Mid.Pers. bišt-, bis- (nibištan, nibes- "to write"), from O.Pers. pais- "to adorn, cut, engrave," Av. paēs- "to paint, adorn," paēsa- "adornment," Mid.Pers. pēsīdan "to adorn;" cf. Skt. piśáti "adorns; cuts;" Gk. poikilos "multicolored;" L. pingit "embroiders, paints;" O.C.S. pisati "to write;" O.H.G. fēh "multicolored;" Lith. piēšti "to draw, adorn;" PIE base *peik- "colored, speckled."

inscribed angle
  زاویه‌ی ِ دروِشته   
zâviye-ye davešté

Fr.: angle inscrit   

An angle whose vertex lies on a circle and whose sides are chords of the circle.

Inscribed p.p. of → inscribe; → angle.


Fr.: insécurité   

Not secure; exposed or liable to risk, loss, or danger.

in-; → security.


Fr.: insécurité   

The quality or state of being insecure; something insecure.

in-; → security.


Fr.: inséminer   

Biology: To inject → semen into the reproductive tract a female animal or plant by artificial means.

From L. inseminatus, p.p. of inseminare "to sow, implant," from → in- + → semen "seed."

daršosaridan, from dar-, → in-, + šosar, → semen, + -idan suffix of infinitives.


Fr.: insémination   

The act or process of inseminating.

Verbal noun of → inseminate; → -tion.

InSight Mission
  گسیلان ِ اینسایت   
gosilân-e InSight

Fr.: InSight: Exploration interne par les sondages sismiques, la géodésie et les flux thermiques   

A NASA lander designed to study the interior of the planet Mars. It will be a stationary mission, in contrast to NASA's famous Opportunity, Spirit and Curiosity rovers. Staying in place is necessary for its major science goals, which include learning more about the Martian composition, and how tectonically active the red planet is. InSight launched toward Mars on May 5, 2018, landed on Nov. 26, 2018, at the Martian Elysium Planitia, an equatorial zone just south of an ancient volcanic area. InSight will send back data about Mars' interior for about 1 Mars year, or 728 Earth-days. The lander uses sophisticated instruments, to delve deep beneath the surface and seek the fingerprints of the processes that formed the terrestrial planets. It does so by carrying out → seismology, heat flow measurements, and precision tracking.

InSight, short for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport; → mission.

daristâdan (#)

Fr.: insister   

To be firm in a demand or course; refuse to yield (

L. insistere "stand upon, dwell upon," from → in- "upon" + sistere "take a stand," → resist.

Daristâdan "to insist" (Dehxodâ), from dar-, → in-, + istâdan "to stand," → resist.


Fr.: insistance   

The act or fact of insisting; the quality of being insistent.

Verbal noun of → insist.


Fr.: insistant   

Earnest or emphatic in dwelling upon, maintaining, or demanding something; persistent; pertinacious (

Adjective from → insist.

xortâbgiri (#)

Fr.: insolation   

The amount of radiative energy received from the Sun per unit area per unit time.

Insolation, from L. insolatus p.p. of insolare "to place in the sun," from → in- + sol, → sun, + -ation a suffix denoting action or condition.

Xortâbgiri, from xor "sun," cognate with L. solsun + tâb "light; heat, warmth; illuminating," from tâbidan, tâftan "to shine," tafsidan "to become hot" (Av. tāp-, taf- "to warm up, heat," tafsat "became hot," tāpaiieiti "to create warmth;" cf. Skt. tap- "to spoil, injure, damage; to suffer; to heat, be/become hot," tapati "burns;" L. tepere "to be warm," tepidus "warm;" PIE base *tep- "warm") + giri verbal noun of gereftan "to take, seize" (Mid.Pers. griftan, Av./O.Pers. grab- "to take, seize," cf. Skt. grah-, grabh- "to seize, take," graha "seizing, holding, perceiving," M.L.G. grabben "to grab," from P.Gmc. *grab, E. grab "to take or grasp suddenly;" PIE base *ghrebh- "to seize").


Fr.: inspecter   

1) To look carefully at or over; view closely and critically.
2) To view or examine formally or officially (

From L. inspectus, p.p. of inspicere "to look into," from → in- + specere "to look," → -scope.

Dargâsidan, from dar-, → in-, + gâsidan "to look," → speculate.


Fr.: inspection   

1) The act of inspecting or viewing, especially carefully or critically.
2) Formal or official viewing or examination (

Verbal noun of → inspect.

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