The property, condition, or state of being → nonlinear.
setâre-ye hamiše penhân (#)
A star that is never seen above the horizon from a given position. These stars are located between the celestial pole and a diurnal circle with an angular distance larger than the altitude of the pole.
Setâré, → star; hamiše penhân, literally "always hidden," coined by Biruni (A.D. 973-1050) in his at-Tafhim, from hamišé "always" (Mid.Pers. hamêšag "always") + penhân "hidden."
Fr.: non sense
Word or language having no meaning. → absurd.
Jafang "nonsense, futile."
setâre-ye hamiše peydâ (#)
A star that is always seen above the horizon from a given position. These stars are located between the celestial pole and a diurnal circle with an angular distance smaller than the altitude of the pole. Same as → circumpolar star.
Fr.: matrice non singulière
Fr.: non visqueux
The time of day when the Sun crosses the observer's meridian and is at its highest point above the horizon. At this point, the Sun lies due south of an observer in the northern hemisphere and due north of an observer in the southern hemisphere.
M.E. none; O.E. non, from L. nona hora "ninth hour" of daylight by Roman reckoning, about 3 p.m.
Nimruz, from nim "mid-, half" (Mid.Pers. nêm, nêmag "half;" Av. naēma- "half;" cf. Sk. néma- "half") + ruz→ day.
General: A standard, model, or pattern regarded as typical.
From Fr. norme, from O.Fr., from L. norma "carpenter's square, rule, pattern," of unknown origin.
Hanjâr "a straight road; way, rule, law; habit, custom; conduct; a mason's rule, a plumb-line, a level;" Mid.Pers. hanjâr "right, correct;" from Proto-Iranian *ham-cara-, *han-cara- prefixed *cara- "to move, walk" (cf. Av. car- "to move, go, walk," carāni "I would go," carāt "he would go;" Mod.Pers. caridan "to graze," gozârdan "to explain," gozâreš "explanation"); cf. Skt. samcara- "passage, way, road, path; going about, moving," from prefix sam- + cara- "moving, going, walking;" Gk. pelomai "to move;" L. colere "to till, cultivate, inhabit."
The Carpenter's Square. A small and inconspicuous southern constellation which lies between → Scorpius and → Centaurus. Its brightest star is only of magnitude 4.0. Abbreviation: Nor; genitive: Normae
Initially Norma et Regula, L. translation of l'Équerre et la Règle "the Set Square and the Ruler," as named by Abbé Nicolas Louis de Lacaille (1713-1762).
Guniyâ "carpenter's square," probably related to konj "angle, corner, confined place" (variants xong "corner, angle," Tabari kânj, Kurd. kunj, Hamadâni kom) and zânu "knee" (Av. žnu-), Skt. kona- "angle, corner," Gk. gonia "angle,", gony "knee," L. genu "knee," cuneus "a wedge," Albanian (Gheg dialect) kân "angle, corner," Albanian (Toks) kënd "angle, corner;" PIE base PIE base *g(e)neu-.
1) hanjârvar, hanjârmand; 2) hanjâr;
Fr.: 1) normal; 2) normale
1) Conforming to the usual standard, type, custom; not abnormal; regular; natural.
From L.L. normalis "standing at right angle, in conformity with rule," from L. normalis "made according to a carpenter's square," from norma "rule, pattern," literally "carpenter's square."
Hanjârvar, hanjârmand, adjectives of hanjâr, → norm.
Fr.: dispersion normale
Fr.: distribution normale
A theoretical frequency distribution for a set of variable data, usually represented by a bell-shaped curve with a mean at the center of the curve and tail widths proportional to the standard deviation of the data about the mean. Same as → Gaussian distribution.
Fr.: état fondamental
Of an atom, the same as → ground state.
General: The fact or condition of being normal.
1) A mathematical technique for adjusting a series of values (typically representing a set of
measurements) according to some transformation function in order to make
them comparable with some specific point of reference.
Verbal noun of → normalize.
hanjârvaridan, hanjârvar kardan
To change in scale so that the sum of squares, or the integral of the square, of the transformed quantity is unity.
hanjârvaridé, hanjârver šodé
The quality of something that has undergone → normalization.
P.p. of → normalize.
normalized Hubble parameter
pârâmun-e Hubble-e hanjârvaridé
Fr.: paramètre Hubble normalisé
M.E., O.E. norð, from P.Gmc. *nurtha- (cf. O.N. norðr, M.Du. nort, Du. noord, Ger. nord), ultimately from PIE *ner- "left, below."
North is related to left since it is to the left when one faces the rising Sun.
This occurs in, for example, the etymology of E. north, as above.
The same goes for Ar. shimal, which also means "left."
North America Nebula
miq-e Âmrikâ-ye hudari
Fr.: Nébuleuse de l'Amérique du Nord
An → H II region in → Cygnus, also known as NGC 7000, resembling the continent North America in long exposure images. This nebula is lying three degrees from bright star → Deneb and spans on the sky over four times the angular size of the full Moon. A dark lane separates the North America Nebula from the → Pelican Nebula, actually part of the same enormous cloud some 2,000 → light-years away.
It was first photographed in 1890 by Max Wolf (1863-1932), a German astronomer, who also first called it the North America Nebula because of its resemblance to the Earth's continent. America, from the feminine of Americus, the Latinized first name of the explorer Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512), who made two trips to the New World as a navigator and claimed to have discovered it. The name America first appeared on a map in 1507 by the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller, referring to the area now called Brazil; → nebula.