Fr.: transmutation nucléaire
The changing of atoms of one element into those of another by suitable nuclear reactions.
âxâl-e haste-yi (#)
Fr.: déchets nucléaires
A particular type of radioactive waste that is produced as part of the nuclear fuel cycle. These include extraction of uranium from ore, concentration of uranium, processing into nuclear fuel, and disposal of byproducts.
A constituent of the atomic nucleus, i.e. a proton or a neutron.
Haston, from hast(é)→ nucleus + -on, as above.
The practical applications of nuclear physics, and the techniques associated with those applications.
The process by which → nuclear reactions at very high temperatures and pressures produce the various → chemical elements of the → periodic table, either in the → Big Bang or in stellar interiors. See also → primordial nucleosynthesis, → stellar nucleosynthesis, → explosive nucleosynthesis.
Produce through → nucleosynthesis.
Of, pertaining to, proceeding by, or involving → nucleosynthesis.
Adj. of → nucleosynthesis.
Fr.: ère nucléosynthétique
The era following the leptonic era, between 1 second and 1000 seconds after the Big Bang, when neutrons were abundant and helium and deuterium were synthesized.
Fr.: processus nucléosynthétique
1) Core of an atom, where most mass and all positive charge is
concentrated. It consists of protons and neutrons.
From L. nucleus "kernel," from nucula "little nut," diminutive of nux "nut," from PIE *knu(k) "lump" (cf. M.Ir. cnu, Welsh cneuen, M.Bret. knoen "nut," O.N. hnot, O.E. hnutu "nut").
Hasté, variants asté "kernel, fruit stone," ostoxân "bone," from Mid.Pers. astak "fruit stone, bone," ast "bone;" Av. ast- "bone;" cf. Skt. asthi- "bone;" Gk. osteon; L. os; Hittite hashtai-; PIE base *os-.
A species of atom characterized by the constitution of its nucleus, i.e. by the numbers of protons and neutrons it contains.
From nucl(eo), → nucleus, + -ide, from Gk. eidos "shape."
Hastevâr, from hasté, → nucleus, + -vâr a suffix meaning "resembling, like," from Mid.Pers. -wâr, Av. -vara, -var, cf. Skt. -vara.
1) nul; 2) nulidan
Fr.: 1) nul; 2) rendre nul
1a) General: Being or amounting to nothing; nil; nonexistent; without value, effect,
From M.Fr. nul, from L. nullus "not any, none," from ne- "not, no" → non- + illus "any," dimunitive of unus "one."
Fr.: géodésique nulle
Fr.: hypothèse nulle
Statistics: The assumption of the absence of a particular pattern in a set of data. The null hypothesis, denoted by H0, is put forward to be rejected in order to support an → alternative hypothesis.
A lens used in the optical testing of an aspheric surface. It converts a spherical wavefront into one that precisely matches the surface under test. When the wavefront is reflected from that surface, it reverses its path and, if the surface is perfect, results in a perfect emerging spherical wavefront, which is easily evaluated.
Fr.: matrice nulle
An m × n matrix whose elements are all zeros. Also known as zero matrix.
Fr.: méthode de zéro
A method of comparing, or measuring, forces, electric currents, etc., by so opposing them that the pointer of an indicating apparatus remains at, or is brought to, zero, as contrasted with methods in which the deflection is observed directly. Same as zero method.
A device using the → nulling interferometry technique.
Agent noun of the verb → null.
nulling fraction (NF)
Fr.: fraction de phase d'arrêt
Fr.: interférométrie annulante
A technique for blocking the light of a bright source in order to reveal a faint source near it. This technique uses destructive → interference between two or more → coherent beams from a number of telescopes to make the bright center dark. Nulling interferometry can be used to search the region immediately around a star for → extrasolar planets and → circumstellar dust clouds by suppressing the star's glare.