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Nernst heat theorem farbin-e garmâ-ye Nernst Fr.: théorème de Nernst The entropy change for chemical reactions involving crystalline solid is zero at the absolute zero of temperature. Also known as the third law of thermodynamics. → Nernst effect; → heat; → theorem. |
Neso Neso Fr.: Néso The outermost natural satellite of → Neptune, discovered in 2002. Also known as Neptune XIII, it follows a highly inclined and highly eccentric orbit at about 48 million km from Neptune. According to preliminary estimates, Neso is about 60 km in diameter. In Gk. mythology, one of the Nereids, the fifty daughters of Nereus and Doris. |
nested tu-dar-tu Fr.: imbriqué Math.: Of an ordered collection of terms, having the property that each term is contained in the preceding one. → nested function, → nested multiplication. From nest, from M.E., O.E. nest "bird's nest;" cf. M.L.G., M.Du. nest, Ger. Nest, ultimately from PIE *nizdo- (cf. Skt. nidah "resting place, nest," L. nidus "nest," O.C.S. gnezdo, O.Ir. net, Breton nez "nest"), probably from → ni- (PIE) + *sed- "sit" (cf. Pers. nešastan "to sit"), → lander. Tu-dar-tu literally "inside in inside," from tu "inside, in;" dar, → in-. |
nested function karyâ-ye tu-dar-tu Fr.: fonction imbriquée In computer programing, a function that is defined inside the definition of another function. |
nested multiplication bastâyeš-e tu-dar-tu Fr.: multiplication imbriquée A method in the evaluation of polynomials which involves fewer basic operations and allows simpler computation, especially for polynomials of high degree. More specifically, the polynomial P(x) = a_{0} + a_{1}x + a_{2}x^{2} + a_{3}x^{3} + ... + a_{n}x^{n} can be written in the nested form as: P(x) = a_{0} + x(a_{1} + x(a_{2} + ... + x(a_{n - 1} + a_{n}x) ...)). For example, the polynomial P(x) = x^{3} - 5x^{2} + 10x - 3 has the following nested form: P(x) = ((x - 5)x + 10)x - 3. Same as the → Ruffini-Horner method. → nested; → multiplication. |
network turbast Fr.: réseau Any net-like combination of elements in a system; an interconnection of several communicating entities. O.E. net "mesh," from P.Gmc. *natjan (cf. Du. net, Swed. nät, O.H.G. nezzi, Ger. Netz, Goth. nati "net"), originally "something knotted," from PIE *ned- "to twist, knot" (cf. L. nodus "knot;" Skt. nahyati "binds, ties") + → work. Turbast literally "joined, tied by a net," from tur "net, fishing net, snare," related to târ "thread, warp, string," tâl "thread" (Borujerdi dialect), tân "thread, warp of a web," from tanidan, tan- "to spin, twist, weave" (Mid.Pers. tanitan; Av. tan- to stretch, extend;" cf. Skt. tan- to stretch, extend;" tanoti "stretches," tántra- "warp; essence, main point;" Gk. teinein "to stretch, pull tight;" L. tendere "to stretch;" Lith. tiñklas "net, fishing net, snare," Latv. tikls "net;" PIE base *ten- "to stretch") + bast "joined, tied," from bastan, vastan "to bind, shut" (O.Pers./Av. band- "to bind, fetter," banda- "band, tie" (cf. Skt. bandh- "to bind, tie, fasten;" PIE *bhendh- "to bind;" Ger. binden; E. bind). |
Neumann line xatt-e Neumann Fr.: raie de Neumann In → iron meteorites, any of very fine parallel lines that cross each other at various angles. They can be seen after cutting diagonally across the sample. Named after Johann G. Neumann, who discovered them in 1848 in the iron meteorite Braunau, which fell in 1847; → line. |
neuter natâr (#) Fr.: neutre Grammar: Noting or pertaining to a gender that refers to things classed
as neither masculine nor feminine. From M.E., from M.Fr., from L. neuter, literally "neither one nor the other," from ne- "not, no" + uter "either of two;" cf. Av. atāra- "this of the two, which of the two;" Gk. poteros; Lith. katras "which of the two," Russ. kotoryj "which." Natâr, from negation prefix na-, → non-, + Mid.Pers. atâr, from Av. atāra- "this of the two," cognate with L. uter "either of two;" Av. katāra- "which of two; each of two;" Skt. katará- "who or which of two." |
neutral natâr (#) Fr.: neutre Physics:
Of an atom, molecule, collection of particles, having no net charge; not electrified. → neuter. |
neutral atom atom-e natâr Fr.: atome neutre An atom in which the number of → protons equals the number of → electrons and therefore has no net → electric charge. |
neutral density filter pâlâye-ye cagâli-ye natâr Fr.: filtre neutre A filter having a flat response over the range of wavelengths of interest. Also called neutral filter or gray filter. |
neutral filter pâlâye-ye natâr Fr.: filtre neutre Same as → neutral density filter. |
neutral gas gâz-e natâr Fr.: gaz neutre A gas which is not ionized. |
neutral hydrogen hidrožen-e natâr Fr.: hydrogène neutre Non-ionized → atomic hydrogen gas which constitutes an important component of the → interstellar medium, accounting for perhaps half its mass, even though its density is very low. Its radio emission → 21-centimeter line has made it possible to map the distribution of neutral hydrogen in the → spiral arms of our own Galaxy and other nearby galaxies. |
neutral mode mod-e natâr, tarz-e ~ Fr.: mode neutre In hydrodynamic instability theory, a wave solution the amplitude of which does not change with time; it neither grows nor decays. Also called neutral wave. |
neutral point noqte-ye natâr Fr.: point neutre 1) A point where two fields are equal in magnitude and opposite in direction so
that the net force exerted on it is zero. |
neutral tail dom-e natâr, donbâle-ye ~ Fr.: queue neutre Same as → sodium tail. |
neutral wave mowj-e natâr Fr.: onde neutre Same as → neutral mode. |
neutralino notrâlino (#) Fr.: neutralino A hypothetical particle predicted by supersymmetry theories, which aim at relating bosons to fermions. Under certain assumptions, the lightest such partner particle would be stable, and if it is neutral (a "neutralino"), would make a good dark matter candidate. Reasonable neutralino masses range from 30 GeV to 10 TeV. From → neutral + -ino diminutive suffix. |
neutralization natâreš Fr.: neutralisation In optics, the process of combining two lenses having equal and opposite powers to produce a result having no power. Verbal noun of → neutralize. |
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