Fr.: activité optique
The property possessed by some substances and their solutions of rotating the plane of vibration of → polarized light. When a beam of → linearly polarized light is sent through an optically active substance, such as crystalline quartz and sugar solution, the direction of vibration of the emerging linearly polarized light is found to be different from the original direction. Those which rotate the → plane of polarization to the right, for an observer looking in the incoming beam, are called → dextrorotatory or right handed; those which rotate it to the left, → levorotatory or left handed. Optical activity may be due to an asymmetry of molecules of a substance (solutions of cane sugar) or it may be a property of a crystal as a whole (crystalline quartz).
Fr.: analyse optique
The mathematical evaluation of an optical system to determine its basic optical properties and image quality characteristics.
Fr.: autocorrélateur optique
An instrument used to test lenses by utilizing the → optical transfer function. It consists of a HeNe laser, a beamsplitter and two mirrors.
âse-ye nuri (#)
Fr.: axe optique
Line passing through the optical center and the center of curvature a spherical mirror or lens.
miz-e nurik, ~ nuršenâxti
Fr.: banc optique
A track or table on which sources, lenses, mirrors, and other optical components can be mounted and moved. It is used in optics experiments.
→ optical; bench, M.E., from O.E. benc "long seat;" cf. Da. bænk, M.Du. banc, O.H.G. banch.
Miz "table," originally "preparations for entertaining a guest; guest;" Mid.Pers. mêzd "offering, meal;" nurik, nuršenâxti, → optical.
markaz-e nuri (#)
Fr.: centre optique
Of a thin lens, a point situated at the geometrical center of the lens, through which an incident ray passes without being deviated.
Fr.: composante optique
Fr.: contrepartie optique
Fr.: densité optique
The transmittance of a point on a photographic negative equal to the log to the base 10 of the reciprocal of the transmittance through the negative at that point.
Fr.: profondeur optique
1) A measure of how much radiation is absorbed when traveling through a medium
(such as the atmosphere of a star or the interstellar medium) from the source to a
given point. It depends on the type of medium and the frequency of radiation.
It is defined as a dimensionless quantity
dτλ = κλ ρ dx,
where κλ is the
extinction coefficient, ρ the density, and dx the path length.
optical double star
setâre-ye dotâyi-ye didgâni
Fr.: étoile double optique
A pair of stars that lie close to each other in the sky by chance, but are not physically associated, in contrast to a true → binary star.
Fr.: fibre optique
A thin filament of drawn or extruded glass or plastic having a central core and a cladding of lower index material to promote internal reflection. It may be used singly to transmit pulsed optical signals (communications fiber) or in bundles to transmit light or images.
Fr.: illusion d'optique
A perception of visual stimuli in which what is perceived is in a way different from the way it is in reality. Same as visual illusion.
Fr.: instrument optique
An instrument that either processes light waves to enhance an image or analyzes light waves to determine one of a number of characteristic properties.
Fr.: jet optique
An → astrophysical jet which is visible in the optical range of the electromagnetic radiation.
Fr.: aplatissement optique
(polar flattening) The ratio of the difference between equatorial and polar diameters to the equatorial diameter. A sphere has an oblateness of 0; an infinitely thin disk has an oblateness of 1 (Ellis et al., 2007, Planetary Ring Systems, Springer).
râh-e nuri (#)
Fr.: chemin optique
In → geometric optics, the distance a light ray would travel in a vacuum in the same time it travels from one point to another, a specified distance, through one or more optical media.
pulsâr-e nuri, tapâr-e ~
Fr.: pulsar optique
Fr.: pompage optique
A process in which light energy is used to raise electrons from a lower energy level in an atom or molecule to a higher one. It is commonly used in laser construction, to pump the active laser medium so as to achieve population inversion. The technique was developed by 1966 Nobel Prize winner Alfred Kastler in the early 1950's.
râžmân-e nuri, ~ nurik
Fr.: système optique
A collection of lens, prisms, mirrors, and/or other devices, placed in some specified configuration, to act on light (reflect, refract, disperse, polarize, etc.) and perform some definite optical function.