The Serpent Holder. An extensive constellation located in the equatorial regions of the sky at about 17h 20m right ascension, 5° south declination. Although this constellation is not part of the zodiac, the Sun passes through it in December each year. Ophiuchus contains five stars of second magnitude and seven of third magnitude. Other designations: Serpent Bearer, Serpentarius. Abbreviation: Oph, genitive: Ophiuchi.
L. Ophiuchus, from Gk. ophioukhos "holding a serpent," from ophis "serpent" + echein "to hold, have, keep." The most recent interpretation is that the figure represents the great healer Asclepius, a son of the god Apollo, who learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. To prevent the entire human race from becoming immortal under Asclepius' care, Zeus killed him with a bolt of lightning, but later placed his image in the heavens to honor his good works.
Mâr-afsâ "a tamer or charmer of serpents; one who cures the snake-bitten by incantation," from mâr "snake, serpent" (Mid.Pers. mâr "snake;" Av. mairya- "snake, serpent") + afsâ agent noun of afsâyidan, from afsun "incantation" (Mid.Pers. afsôn "spell, incantation," afsûdan, afsây- "to enchant, protect by spell").
Fr.: être d'avis que
To hold or express an opinion.
Verb for → opinion.
1) A belief or judgment that rests on grounds insufficient to produce complete
certainty (Dictionary.com). See also: → public opinion.
M.E., from O.Fr., from L. opinion- "opinion, conjecture; appreciation," from opinari "to think, judge, suppose," from PIE *op- "to choose."
Pažân, from Pashtu pežân, Sogd. patzân, Khotanese paysân- "to know;" Av. paiti-zan- "to recognize, acknowledge, appreciate;" from prefix paiti- + zan- "to know, have knowledge;" cf Mod.Pers. farzâné "intelligent; wise," dân-, dânestan "to know," variant šenâxtan "to know, recognize," → science.
Fr.: limite d'Oppenheimer-Volkoff
The upper bound to the mass of a → neutron star, the mass beyond which the pressure of neutron → degenerate matter is not capable of preventing the → gravitational collapse which will lead to the formation of a → black hole. Modern estimates range from approximately 1.5 to 3.0 → solar masses. The uncertainty in the value reflects the fact that the → equation of state for → overdense matter is not well-known.
Oppenheimer, J.R., Volkoff, G.M., 1939, Physical Review 55, 374. Named after Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967), an American theoretical physicist, and George Volkoff (1914-2000), a Canadian physicist, who first calculated this limit. Oppenheimer is widely known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project, the World War II effort to develop the first nuclear weapons at the secret Los Alamos laboratory in New Mexico; → limit.
Fr.: opposant, adversaire
A person who is on an opposing side in a game, contest, controversy, or the like; adversary (Dictionary.com).
L. opponent-, p.p. of opponere "to oppose, to object to," literally "set against, set opposite," from op- variant of ob- before p "against" + ponere "to put, set, place," → position.
1) Appropriate, favorable, or suitable.
M.E., from O.Fr. opportun and directly from L. opportunus "fit, convenient, suitable," from the phrase ob portum veniens "coming toward a port," literally "a wind blowing to harbor," from ob "to, toward" + portus "access, harbor."
Nikvâ "appropriate, suitable," from nik, nêk, neku "good, beautiful, elegant;" Mid.Pers. nêk, nêvak, nêkôg "good, beautiful;" O.Pers. naiba- + -vâ relation suffix (as in pišvâ, pilévâ); alternatively, nikvâ "good/appropriate wind," from nik + vâ "wind," variant of bâd, → wind, in several dialects.
The policy or practice, as in politics, business, or one's personal affairs, of adapting actions, decisions, etc., to expediency or effectiveness regardless of the sacrifice of ethical principles (Dictionary.com).
A person who adapts his actions, responses, etc, to take advantage of opportunities, circumstances, etc. (Dictionary.com).
1) An appropriate or favorable time or → occasion.
Fr.: s'opposer à, faire opposition à; opposer
1) To act against or provide resistance to.
M.E., from O.Fr. oposer "to oppose, resist; contradict," from poser "to place, lay down," blended with L. opponere "to oppose, to object," → position.
Pâdistidan, infinitive from pâdist, → opposition.
1) ru-be-ru; 2) pâdistin; 3) pâdcem
Fr.: 1) opposé, d'en face; 2) contraire, opposé; 3) antonyme
1) Situated, placed, or lying face to face with something else or each
other, or in corresponding positions with relation to an intervening
line, space, or thing: opposite ends of a room (Dictionary.com).
M.E., from M.Fr., from L. oppositus, p.p. of opponere, → opposition.
1, 2) pâdist; 3, 4) pâdistân
1) The action of opposing, resisting, or combating.
Verbal noun of → oppose.
Pâdist "standing against," from pâd-
"agaist, contrary to," → anti-,
+ ist present stem of istâdan "to stand"
O.Pers./Av. sta- "to stand; to set;"
Av. hištaiti; cf. Skt. sthâ- "to stand;"
Gk. histemi "put, place, weigh," stasis "a standing still;"
L. stare "to stand;" Lith. statau "place;" Goth. standan;
PIE base *sta- "to set, stand").
To burden with cruel or unjust impositions or restraints; subject to a burdensome or harsh exercise of authority or power (Dictionary.com).
M.E. oppressen, from O.Fr. opresser "oppress, torment, smother," from M.L. oppressare, from L. opprimere "press against, press together, press down; subdue, prosecute relentlessly," from op variant of ob "against" + premere "to press, hold fast."
Infinitive from setam, → oppression.
1) The exercise of authority or power in a burdensome, cruel, or unjust manner.
M.E. oppressioun, from O.Fr. opresser "oppress; torment," from M.L. oppressare, from L. opprimere "press against, press down;" from op, variant of ob "against" + premere "to press, hold fast."
Setam, from Mid.Pers. sthmbk / stambag / "oppressive; obstinate," related to sitabr "strong, firm," staft "hard; firm, strong; fierce," Pers. seft "firm, hard, tight;" sitanbah "strong, robust, bold;" Av. aša.stəmbana- "having the support/firmness of aša;" Lith stembti "to oppose;" Gk. astemphes "unshakable."
To make a choice; choose (usually followed by for).
From Fr. opter "to choose," from L. optare "to choose, desire, wish for," from L. optare "to desire, choose," from PIE root *op- "to choose, prefer."
Optidan, from L. optare, as above.
Of, relating to, or constituting a verbal mood that is expressive of wish or desire.
Optâné, optmand, from opt present stem of optidan, → opt, + adj. suffixes -âné, -mand. -yi.
1) nuri, nurik; 2) didgâni
1) Of or pertaining to the eye or sight.
From M.Fr. optique, from M.L. opticus "of sight or seeing," from Gk. optikos "of or having to do with sight," from optos "seen, visible," from op-, root of opsesthai "be going to see," related to ops "eye," from PIE *okw- "eye/see."
1) Nuri, nurik, from nur, → light + -i, -ik
adj. suffix → -ic.
Fr.: axe optique
The direction in a doubly refracting crystal in which light is propagated without double refraction.
1) nuri, nurik; 2) didgâni
1) Of, pertaining to, or applying optics or the principles of optics.
Fr.: aberration optique